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Russo-Ukraine War - 2014
Ukraine’s military and representatives of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic have agreed to a ceasefire and withdrawal of heavy weapons, the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission to Ukraine (SMM) said 01 December 2014. “All agreed in principle to a total ceasefire along the entire line of contact between Ukrainian Armed Forces and those under control of the “LPR”, to be effective from 5 December… They also agreed that the withdrawal of heavy weapons would start on 6 December,” said the report.
NATO said December 01, 2014 Russia was violating a truce in eastern Ukraine by sending in convoys with advanced weapons and personnel reinforcements for pro-Russia separatists fighting Ukrainian government troops. “We see a significant military buildup in and around Ukraine… large transfers of Russian advanced weapons, equipment and military personnel to violent separatists,” Jens Stoltenberg, secretary-general of the alliance, told a news conference in Brussels.
“Russia is fueling the conflict by providing... equipment and other kinds of support for the separatists and thereby undermining and violating the cease-fire and also the efforts to create a peaceful, negotiated solution,” he said. Russia denies Ukrainian and Western accusations that it has sent troops.
Kyiv called on Europe and the United States to begin supplying arms to Ukraine’s military to help it counter steady violations of a truce by pro-Russia rebels in the east. Ukraine’s foreign minister, Pavlo Klimkin said that while the cease-fire was being violated daily, it remained the best blueprint for ending violence in which more than 4,300 people have died since mid-April.
Klimkin voiced disagreement with warnings that Ukraine receiving outside lethal assistance would escalate the conflict. “It is a mistake by our European and American partners to say providing weapons and military technical assistance would create the potential for escalation, said Klimkin, adding that “on the contrary, it would be an important step towards de-escalating the situation because no one would go further if Ukrainian military forces get stronger.”
On December 04, 2014 Ukraine's President Petro Poroshenko ordered a new cease-fire next week, as part of a push to end months of fighting with pro-Russian rebels near the Russian border. The announcement said Ukraine troops would observe a day of silence to usher in the truce. Russian and Western media quote rebel leaders as saying they will support the initiative.
The surprise announcement was the third such effort to end widespread fighting that erupted in April and had since claimed more than 4,300 lives. A highly touted truce deal announced 05 September 2014 collapsed within days, while a cease-fire set to begin 01 December crumbled under artillery fire in the east within hours of being announced.
Kyiv ruled out holding new talks to end the conflict in eastern Ukraine, accusing Russian-backed separatists of launching fresh attacks one day after the two sides generally observed a so-called “Day of Silence.” Leonid Kuchma, the Ukrainian government’s representative to talks with the rebels and a former president, said 10 December 2014 that he did not consider such a meeting “advisable” given that one side “cannot ensure a cease-fire regime.” He said the rebels need to show that they “actually want peace, not war,” and have "full control over their armed units.”
Poroshenko said a fragile cease-fire between government forces and Russia-backed rebels appeared to be holding. Poroshenko, speaking early 12 December 2014, said 24 hours had passed without any deaths or injuries in Ukraine's war-torn east. By 16 December 2014 the Kyiv military highlighted a decline in the intensity of attacks - to an average of 8-10 incidents of shelling per day from a previous 70-80.
On 16 December 2014 the White House announced that President Barack Obama planned to sign legislation unanimously approved by Congress that called for tightening US economic sanctions against Moscow for its actions in Ukraine. It also would give Obama the authority to provide $350 million worth of lethal weapons and other military assistance to Ukraine. But the legislation does not make the sanctions or military aid mandatory. the original wording of the act proposed granting Ukraine, Georgia, and Moldova the status of the United States’ “major non-NATO allies,” however, the adopted version does not contain this provision.
On 19 December 2014 EU leaders agreed to amend a regulation, concerning Europe's restrictive measures introduced in response to Crimea's reunification with Russia. The amendment stipulates a ban on all foreign investments in Crimea or Sevastopol.
On 20 December 2014 the White House imposed new restrictions on Crimea and introduced new sanctions against certain individuals, including the Crimean Prosecutor, as well as the heads of the self-proclaimed people's republics of Luhansk and Donetsk. Obama's executive order "prohibits the export of goods, technology, or services to Crimea and prohibits the import of goods, technology, or services from Crimea, as well as new investments in Crimea".
Representatives of Ukraine and separatist rebels supported by Russia resumed fresh peace talks December 24, 2014, with the Russian government and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) also taking part.
With Russian-backed separatist leaders saying they don't want to talk peace anymore, by 30 December 2014 both sides headed into the New Year accusing the other of preparing for a new offensive.
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