45th Separate Guards
Order of Kutuzov Order of Alexander Nevsky
Special Purpose Regiment
45th Separate Airborne Reconnaissance Regiment
The 45th Separate Guards Order of Kutuzov Order of Alexander Nevsky Special Purpose Regiment is a military unit of the Airborne Troops of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. The 45th Regiment — with the striking shoulder patch emblazoned with a gray wolf superimposed on a parachute symbol including the term “special designation” — was reputed to be one of the most combat ready, well equipped, aggressive, and active units of the airborne.
The 45th Special Forces Brigade of the Airborne Forces is a special unit, with much higher requirements for strength, speed, agility and endurance of a fighter. Conscripts in military registration and enlistment offices undergo psychological tests. However, upon arrival from the military commissariat to the 45th brigade, each recruit is tested again. It is extremely important to identify in advance the guys who are not up to the heaviest loads that fall to the lot of a fighter of a special forces unit. After all, they will be able to master another military specialty in the Airborne Forces or another form or branch of the Armed Forces. Rigid selection is in the interests of both conscripts, and the 45th brigade, and the army as a whole.
Productive selection for special forces is facilitated by the active interaction of the brigade command with the military-patriotic clubs of the country, especially with the main military-patriotic organization - DOSAAF of Russia. For example, in the Belgorod region, young men are successfully trained to serve in the Airborne Forces; Belgorod graduates of the DOSAAF school in 2015 staffed a whole company of the 45th brigade.
Those wishing to enter the 45th Airborne Brigade under a contract, if before that they served in other airborne or airborne assault units, they know the requirements of the special forces "input control" from the very beginning, since the officers of the brigade, leaving for other units and formations of the winged guard, about they are told in detail. It is more difficult for those who come from units of other branches of the armed forces and types of the Armed Forces or from a “civilian”.
Upon arrival at the brigade, the contract candidate passes physical training, then psychological testing is immediately carried out with him. The main task when accepting physical training tests is to objectively reveal the possibilities and potential of the candidate. After exercises for speed (running 100 m), strength (pulling up on the bar) and endurance (running 3 km), three fights are held in sparring for three minutes. This is where strong-willed qualities are revealed: this is when a candidate, having missed a blow, falls, but then gets up and continues to fight to the end.
Dropping behind enemy lines by parachute is only one of the options for delivering scouts to the place of the mission. Of course, this method is not easy and requires concentration from the soldier when studying a set of actions called airborne training.
The brigade makes parachute jumps D-10, "Crossbow-1" and "Crossbow-2", and the last two systems have a planning dome-"wing" Landing by parachute in the special forces of the Airborne Forces is taught on any surface: field, forest, roof of a building , a pond ... Jumps are made during the day, at night and in difficult weather conditions. Therefore, airborne training in the 45th brigade is one of the main subjects of training. Combat training begins with her as an ordinary paratrooper, as well as a commando of the Airborne Forces. Airborne training includes the study of materiel - a parachute and safety devices, packing a parachute and classes at an airborne complex, where elements of a jump, actions in the air, preparation for landing and the landing itself are practiced.
With a home base near Moscow, substantial elements were employed in Chechen counterinsurgency operations from the time of the first Chechen war. From September 1999 to March 2006 a consolidated reconnaissance detachment of the regiment participated in the counter-terrorist operation in the North Caucasus. In April 2010, a battalion task force of the regiment performed combat missions in the territory of the Kyrgyz Republic.
Russia and the United States held their first antiterrorism exercises at Fort Carson near Colorado Springs, Colorado, in May 2012. Servicemen of the 45th Guard special-purpose regime of the Russian Airborne Forces participated in those exercises.
Masked saboteurs of the Russian 45th Airborne Troops Regiment were operating in Sloviansk and Kramatorsk, Donetsk region, First Deputy Prime Minister Vitaliy Yarema told reporters on 15 April 2014. "We have identified those persons who are now in Sloviansk and Kramatorsk. They represent a unit of the 45th Guards Airborne Troops Regiment "Kupyanka -1", which is housed near Moscow. This unit is now operating in the territory of Ukraine," he told reporters in Poltava region. A reminder that Russia denies the presence of its troops in the east of Ukraine, as it had previously denied their involvement in the occupation of Crimea.
The 45th guards separate reconnaissance Regiment of VDV is the youngest part of the Russian Airborne Forces. It is composed of 45th Separate Reconnaissance Regiment, which began in February 1994. The regiment was formed on the basis of two separate battalions, each of which had a history of establishment and development. Colonel Pavel Popovskikh is credited with the creation of the 45th Spetsnaz as a “subunit of the future” designed for the type of counter-insurgent warfare for which the forces had been so unprepared in Afghanistan. With an initial strength of 800 highly qualified personnel, the unit had especially powerful reconnaissance capabilities and innovations to include unmanned surveillanc eaircraft and tailored psychological warfare assets. Almost all of its officers were “prepared in the GRU spetsnaz system”.
The 901st separate assault battalion was formed on November 20, 1979 on the territory of the Transcaucasian military district, and was immediately transferred to Czechoslovakia in the Central Group of forces. In March 1989, in connection with the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Eastern Europe, the battalion was relocated to Aluksne Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic and transferred to the Baltic special military district. In May 1991, the battalion was transferred to the Transcaucasian military district and relocated in Sukhumi, Abkhaz ASSR. In August 1992, the battalion was transferred from the authority of the Transcaucasian military district under the authority of the staff of the airborne troops and renamed 901st Separate Airborne Battalion; later, as a separate battalion, it was transferred to the 7th guards Airborne Division, but the point of permanent location was left in Sukhumi.
As part of the Russian contingent of the CSTO peacekeeping forces, units of the 45th airborne special forces brigade arrived in Kazakhstan 06 January 2022. The servicemen were transferred to the Ulyanovsk-Vostochny airfield, from where they are delivered by military transport aircraft to Kazakhstan, where mass protests of the population have been taking place since the beginning of January 2022. Lieutenant General and Commander of the Airborne Forces Andrey Serdyukov, who led the special operation in Crimea in the spring of 2014, was appointed head of the mission. Recall that a state of emergency and a curfew have been introduced throughout Kazakhstan in connection with mass protests of the population. As a result of the actions, hundreds of people were injured, more than a hundred cars were burned, dozens of shops and offices were destroyed, 26 people died. The President of the country appealed to the CSTO with a request to send peacekeeping forces to Kazakhstan.
According to the plan, detachments of the Airborne Forces were supposed to land at the Gostomel airfield on the morning of 24 February 2022, but the Armed Forces of Ukraine opened fire from anti-aircraft guns. To cover the paratroopers, the Ka-52 "Alligator" helicopter called fire on itself. As a result, all identified enemy firing points were suppressed. After the landing, the airborne units already independently ensured their security. There was no news from the guys for more than a day. At that time, information began to appear from the Ukrainian media that the National Guard allegedly dealt with the fighters in Gostomel. The Russian Ministry of Defense later announced that the landing at the airfield was successful.
In 1993, during the Georgian-Abkhazian conflict, the battalion performed tasks for the protection and defence from looting and destruction of the important military and Government facilities in the territory of Abkhazia. During this period, eight members of the battalion were killed, before the end of performing their military duty, and about 20 people wounded. For combat missions 13 people were awarded order "for personal courage", 21 people-the Medal "for courage" and 1 man the Medal "for merit".
In October 1993, the battalion was relocated from the city of Sukhumi to the Moscow region, where in February the following year it was transformed into the 901st separate special Purpose Battalion. With the beginning of the formation of the special purpose Regiment, the battalion was included in its composition.
The 218th Separate Battalion of Special Forces Airborne Troops was formed July 25, 1992. By order of the Commander of the Airborne Troops in the historical continuity this day is considered to be the day of formation of this battalion. The battalion was involved in as a peacekeeping force in the zones of inter-ethnic conflict in the Transdniester region in June and July 1992, in North Ossetia in September-November, 1992 and in Abkhazia in December 1992. Many battalion members were awarded State Awards for bravery and heroism.
Active use of this battalion in solving special tasks in various conflicts showed the need to build other special forces with similar tasks in the airborne troops and their integration in the regiment. By July 1994, the regiment was fully formed, staffed with personnel, equipment and proceeded to battle school. December 2, 1994 the regiment traveled to the Northern Caucasus to take part in the Elimination of illegal armed formations on the territory of the Chechen Republic. During the period from December 12, 1994 to January 25, 1995, reconnaissance groups and groups of special units of the Regiment, in conjunction with the parts of the Airborne Troops, took part in the fighting on the most important targets of the enemy, including Grozny. On February 12, 1995 parts and units of the regiment returned to their permanent location.
By March 15, 1995, the consolidated unit the regiment newly arrived in Chechnya, continuing to carry out combat missions until June 13, 1995. By Decree of the President of the Russian Federation dated July 21, 1995, Commander of the intelligence group special-purpose Senior Lieutenant Ermakova, for the courage and heroism shown during the special job command to disarm illegal armed formations, was awarded the title Hero of the Russian Federation (posthumous). On July 30, 1995 the unit solemnly opened the monument in memory of the Scouts. On May 9, 1995 the regiment was awarded the diploma of the President of the Russian Federation for services to the Russian Federation. The regiment participated in the parade dedicated to the 50th Anniversary of the Victory over Nazi Germany.
From February to May 1997, the consolidated unit the regiment took part in the peacekeeping mission in the zone of separation of Georgian and Abkhaz armed forces in the town of Gudauta. On July 26, 1997, following the glorious traditions of the armed forces, the regiment was awarded Battle banner and Medallion 5th Guards Airborne Infantry, order of Kutuzov 2nd degree 3 Regiment, whichm had been disbanded June 27, 1945, and stored in the Central Museum of the armed forces of the Russian Federation.
From September 12, the consolidated Regiment reconnaissance took part in the anti-terrorist operation in the North Caucasus.
The regiment has staged youth competitions for military-applied kinds of sports among military-patriotic clubs. At different celebrations in Moscow and the Moscow region, it held demonstrations and skydiving performances by paratroopers, with commandos demonstrating hand-to-hand fighting. Every year since 1995, special operations group, formed on the basis of the regiment, takes part in the international competition among special forces from the United States, Germany, Belgium, Spain, Greece, Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria and Russia, held in Bulgaria on the Partnership for Peace Program. In 1996, the regiment took the prize-winning group a third place in the overall standings, and the next year became the champion of 1997.
Paratroopers Regiment with honour still glorious martial tradition of Scouts of all generations, proudly bear the high guard rank, because it is their motto: "the strongest wins." During its existence the regiment for courage and heroism, five military personnel were awarded the title Hero of the Russian Federation. Others awarded with orders and medals include:
- The order of courage " - 79 people
- The order of military merit " - 17 people
- Order "for merits before fatherland" - 3 person
- A medal "for merits before fatherland" 2-nd class with swords - 10 people
- Medal "for courage" - 174 people
- Medal of Suvorov - 166 people
- Medal of Zhukov - 7 people
The Airborne Troops elite 45th Separate Spetsnaz Reconnaissance Regiment won a contested decision in 2005 from the Russian newspaper Novaya Gazeta. In one of a series of articles, an investigative reporter charged that the regiment was allowing members of the Podolsk organized crime group to train on the regimental firing range. The regiment sued on the grounds that the article had done damage to their “business reputation,” provoking continued questions and ridicule.
In 1993, Moskovsky Komsomolets published negative materials about the activity of the Defence Ministry. Dmitri Kholodov, 27, of the Moskovski Komsomolets newspaper was killed on October 17, 1994 in an explosion in the editorial office. A booby trap was planted into his brief case. Investigators said that former Defense Minister Pavel Grachev, repeatedly targeted in Kholodov's articles, had ordered one of the defendants to "deal with" the reporter. In his testimony, Grachev said his words were not an order to kill Kholodov.
On 26 June 2002 the military court of the Moscow district acquitted Pavel Popovskikh, former reconnaissance chief of the air-borne troops; Vladimir Morozov, commander of the special unit of the 45th regiment of the air-borne troops; his two deputies - Alexander Soroka and Konstantin Mirzayants; Alexander Kapuntsov, deputy chief of the Ross body-guard agency; and businessman Konstantin Barkovski - accused in the journalist Dmitry Kholodov homicide. In May 2003 the military collegium of the Supreme Court quashed the acquittal of the assassins of journalist Dmitri Kholodov and sent the case for re-examination. The Supreme Court has found that while trying the case not all the evidence had been taken into consideration. Russia's Supreme Court on 14 March 2005 upheld the acquittal of six men suspected of murdering an investigative journalist more than a decade ago, delivering a blow to state prosecutors.
There was a vacuum in Crimea in 2014, the military did not know the overall strategic plan. The Ukrainians could use weapons, but they could win in the overall military strategy, explains Admiral of the Naval Forces of the Armed Forces of Ukraine Igor Voronchenko, who at the time of the occupation of Crimea was the deputy commander of the fleet for coastal defense. He is sure that on February 27, if the captured building of the Crimean Parliament had been stormed, the scenario of the occupation would definitely have changed. Also, the course of history could be changed by the exercises, according to which, in January 2014, two battalions were supposed to enter the Crimea. According to the military prosecutor's office of Ukraine, the Russian 45th Separate Guards Regiment of Special Purposes of the Airborne Forces, military unit 28337, Kubinka, participated in the seizure of Crimea.
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