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Military


Vilkha / Alder MRL - Program

Ukraine has tested the Vilkha-M ("Alder") multiple launch rocket system, a high precision upgrade of the Vilkha complex, which in turn is a deeply-modernized version of the Soviet "Smerch".

In August 2016, the Ukrainian military conducted successful tests of a new generation Vilkha MLR system, which was designed based on a Soviet-era 300 mm Smerch 9K58 launcher. The major developer is Luch State Design Bureau. In December 2016, the Cabinet of Ministers increased the prepayment period for the implementation of the project to two years. In the spring of 2018, the Vilkha system successfully passed tests in the south of Odesa region, after which the then Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko set the task to start its mass production in 2018.

The NSDC secretary, Alexander Turchinov, announced in January 2018 the testing of the Alder missile system, also of Ukrainian design. The Alder is a multiple launch rocket system with an adjustable missile flight based on the Soviet Smerch MLRS, the accuracy of which is quite low. The range of the Alder is 120 kilometers, which is 30 kilometers more than the Smerch. The launcher contains 12 rockets with a caliber of 300 millimeters, each of which can be aimed at a separate target, and the flight will be controlled. Also, missiles can carry various warheads. Production of Alder will begin this year, and Luch Design Bureau is also developing it.

On April 25, 2018, at one of the ranges in the Kherson region, the combat and tactical and technical indicators of the new models were checked on the basis of a volley from a launching system based on the Tornado multiple rocket launcher. With the requirement to hit for predetermined purposes and with the successful completion of this mission.

The highest leadership of the country arrived at this culminating stage of the trials: President of Ukraine - Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces Petro Poroshenko, Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine Valentyn Turchynov, Minister of Defense of Ukraine General Stepan Poltorak, Chief of General Staff - Commander of the Armed Forces of Ukraine General Muzhenko, Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada Committee on National Security and Defense Serhiy Pashinsky and others. Military attaches accredited in Ukraine were also invited. All together, this testified to the great importance attached to Ukraine's new missile step in the military, research and development and industrial dimensions. A total of seven launches were made on April 25. Two - in the morning. And five - in one gulp. In front of a large delegation. Volley launches of "Alder" were carried out at a distance of 54 kilometers. Given the limitations of the test range. Shooting at a maximum range of 70 kilometers was carried out in other range conditions.

"Another stage of factory tests of the Vilkha-M high-precision MLR system took place on 24 July 2018. During the tests, more tasks for checking and improving a number of technical and technological solutions were worked out," Ukrainian military expert Serhiy Zgurets wrote on Facebook. He added the Vilkha-M was a logical continuation of works on the Vilkha system, which had already been adopted by the Armed Forces of Ukraine. "As you know, the Vilkha is a deep modernization of the Smerch MLRS, as it is documented. Although, in fact, it is about the creation of multiple rocket launcher with capabilities of a high-precision weapon," Zgurets said. The system's maximum firing range is 70 km. The inbound speed is about 3.4 M. According to the results of state tests, the Vilkha system was adopted by the Armed Forces of Ukraine in late 2018.

According to the President, “the Ukrainian army will finally receive high-precision weapons, which will significantly increase the efficiency of the units of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. This is important also because the Alder rocket is assembled entirely from Ukrainian components. No one can stop us from producing these high-precision weapons. I can say one specific figure: "Alder" missile is 10 times more accurate and, accordingly, 10 times more effective than the old volley fire systems, which were in service since Soviet times, "- said Petro Poroshenko immediately after launch.

About fifteen domestic enterprises are involved in the cooperation in the manufacture of a new weapons system, using their own developments and components. First of all, it is the Luch State Committee for Design Bureau - the main executor of the project under the state defense order. Other important participants include the Pavlograd Chemical Plant, which developed and manufactured a new blended fuel for Alder engines, and the Artem plant, which manufactures new hulls for high-precision weapons, and Arizona-Navigation, which specializes in satellite navigation systems. The role of other companies is also no less important and unique, but so far it is not advisable to announce a full chain of cooperation.

According to the General Director of the state concern "Ukroboronprom" Pavel Bukin, this project is an indisputable proof of the high scientific, design and industrial level, which is concentrated in the domestic industry. “The gained experience of interaction, cooperation of different enterprises and the achieved result are important for the concern and as a practical confirmation of the fidelity of the idea of merging enterprises into profile clusters. GosKKB "Luch" just demonstrated the effect of synergy, successfully combining the strengths of all domestic participants involved in the development and manufacture of a new weapons system. Although there really were a lot of problems on this path, "Ukroboronprom's CEO stressed.

Shepetivka Repair Plant has joined the tests of the new rocket of Ukrainian designers "Alder". This potentially powerful weapon is already awaited by the Ukrainian ground forces. The rocket itself was designed by Luch, but about 15 Ukrainian companies joined the development project. The Shepetivka Repair Plant "Vilhu-M" is only preparing for launch - installing cable equipment equipment that adjusts navigation and start-up. During operation at the plant, the missile is immediately tested and improved. For example, the head of the shop of the Shepetivka repair plant Dmytro Martyniuk said that the control of pulse motors on the active section of the trajectory was introduced there. He also adds: “When the rocket takes off, pulse motors are triggered in the bow, which correct the trajectory. Then the missile flies on a ballistic trajectory, that is, it is unmanageable. It becomes controlled at the final stage of its movement, at the final stage of the trajectory. There are aerodynamic rudders fired, which direct it to this object we need. And the errors are almost minimal. " The Ministry of Defense reports that this year they plan to purchase about 3,000 missile systems and missiles for them, which will cost almost 2.5 billion hryvnias.

Ukraine tested the Vilkha-M ("Alder") multiple launch rocket system, a high precision upgrade of the Vilkha complex. "The tests of a new model of weapons – the Vilkha complex took place at the military training ground in Odesa region," the press service of the Land Forces of Ukraine wrote 29 July 2019. Tasks were performed aimed at checking and improving a number of technical solutions. It is reported the launches were carried out by the 107th Rocket Artillery Brigade. This team will be the first in the Armed Forces of Ukraine, whose arsenals will be strengthened by new developments.

State concern Ukroboronprom reported 07 May 2020 “For Ukroboronprom, the missile program is a priority… In 2020, it is planned to continue testing in accordance with the schedule of research and development work, which contains information with limited access. The Alder-M tests are being carried out as part of the adoption of this new system by the Armed Forces of Ukraine. In April, the second successful missile tests took place. The final stage of testing is planned for the second quarter of 2020.”

The state leadership has decided to deploy work programs and create new jobs at the Pavlograd Chemical Plant in the Dnipropetrovsk region. This was stated by Interior Minister Arsen Avakov on 06 June 2020, during a working trip to the Pavlograd Chemical Plant, the press service of the Ministry of Internal Affairs reported. "A few months ago we had a situation when the Pavlograd Chemical Plant almost stopped working. A large number of people were fired because a number of programs were shut down. This was done unqualifiedly, mistakes were made by local leaders and leaders in Kyiv. I have known the problems of this company since 2014. The Cabinet of Ministers and the National Security and Defense Council have decided to launch programs to create solid fuel for the Ukrainian missile systems "Alder", "Neptune" and others. In addition, the government has allocated funds for the utilization of rocket fuel, which is also what this plant is doing, "Avakov said.





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Page last modified: 06-05-2021 17:08:01 ZULU