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SA-17 GRIZZLY / Buk-M2
SA-N-12 GRIZZLY / Yezh

With the integration of the new 9M317 missile, the Buk-M1-2 systems received a new NATO reporting name Grizzly and a new DoD designation SA-17. The Buk-M2 is a new mobile SAM system to augment and eventually replace the SA-11 GADFLY. The new system uses the same launch vehicle chassis, and overall has a similar configuration to the SA-11 GADFLY. The SNOW DRIFT surveillance radar is also carried on the modified GM-569 tracked vehicle chassis. Russia is upgrading the Belorussian Buk (NATO: SA-11 Gadfly) air defence missile system at the Uliyanovsk Mechanical Plant. The new Buk-M1-2 (SA-17 Grizzly) system has increased fire power, and guarantees hits against six targets flying simultaneously from different directions and at different altitudes.

The Yezh naval version [SA-N-12] of the SA-17 is visually identical to the SA-N-7.

The SA-17 Gadfly uses the new 9M317 missile. The SA-17 Grizzly may also launch the 9M38 and 9M38M1 missiles. The missile was developed as a joint weapon for Russian Army and Navy air defence systems and has an extended engagement envelope when compared to the original Buk-M1 9M38M1 missile. The 9M317 missile is used in the Army in air defense missile system BUK Ml-2 and the 9M317E missile is used in the Navy in air defense missile system Shtil-1. The unified multi-functional 9M317 and 9M317E missiles were developed in compliance withclassic traditions in the development of the world missile construction industry. It is a high-precision guided weapon integrated in the Army and Navy air defense systems and it is intended to defeat modern as well as future aerodynamic, ballistic, surface and radio-contrast surface threats.

The 9S510E Command Post vehicle conducts analysis of the air situation around the launch unit, controls and monitors the various fire units and designates and assigns the targets to the individual launch vehicles. Communication is via extendable radio communications antenna and wire.

The Buk M2E / SA-17 Grizzly 9A317 TELAR is equipped with the new NIIP 9S36 passive phased array engagement radar, which provides the capability to concurrently track and illuminate multiple targets for the four 9M317 Grizzly SAM rounds.

Buk-M2E (SA-17 Grizzly)

Buk-M2E (NATO name: SA-17 Grizzly) is a medium-range advanced defence missile complex (ADMC) designed and manufactured by Almaz-Antey. The Buk-M2E surface-to-air missile (SAM) system is an export variant of the Buk-M2, which entered into service with the Russian Army in 2008.

The possibility of sudden intense attacks launched from unmanned aircraft land and subtle precision and high-speed weapons, simultaneously from several directions, with flying at altitudes up to extremely low confronts medium-range SAMs with requirements for versatility, multi-channel, omnidirectional, high performance and low fire reaction time. The main condition for organizing counter saturation air attack is defense echelon construction of ground facilities.

With this organization, defense of ground objects extends the range of tasks assigned to the medium-range SAM. First, before the medium-range SAM the problem arises from maximum range goals manned flying a combat mission without entering the zone of the defense: aircraft-jamming directors and management, carrier aircraft unmanned aerial vehicles. Secondly, there is the problem of massive defeat at the boundaries of self-defense attack at extremely low altitudes CR and ORS, which radar detection occurs at a range of limited radio horizon.

Multi-channel, multi-functional highly mobile medium-range SAM "Buk-M2E" designed to engage aircraft strategic and tactical aircraft, helicopters, including hovering, cruise missiles and other aerodynamic flying objects in the whole range of their possible application, tactical ballistic missiles and air-driven bombs under intense electronic and fire enemy countermeasures, as well as surface and ground bombardment radiocontrast purposes. SAM can be used for air defense troops (military facilities) in different forms of fighting, administrative and industrial facilities and areas of the country.

The SAM "Buk-M2E" is able to conduct operations independently (stand-alone) and in the grouping of air defense forces under the control of the automated control system of antiaircraft missile brigade (mixed group of air defense forces) "Glade-D4M1" or other automated solution to having export supply and matched with a complex communication protocol. The Command post (CP) provides simultaneous processing of complex information about the traffic situation on 50 targets according to their own station detection and targeting (SOC) and a higher command post exercises and distribution of targets between the firing of self-propelled unit (SDA), and radar illumination and guidance (RPN ). The complex provides a complete set of simultaneous firing up to 24 air targets flying from any direction at altitudes ranging from 0,015 km to 23-25 km.

The SAM uses inertial guidance with updating method with homing in the terminal phase of flight. The complex and its combat vehicles take measures to protect against high-precision weapons defeat (regulation of radiation screens, laser irradiation sensors, aerosol veil). The time to bring combat weapons complex embattled deployment from the march and the clotting time of no more than 5 minutes (for RPN - 12 min.) Exchange of technical information and command between the complex is provided by means of radio or two-wire communication lines.

Transport base combat assets may be tracked or wheeled chassis with high cross. Weatherproof complex and works in different climatic zones in the temperature range from -50 o C to +50 o C, with humidity up to 98%. The crew compartment has an air conditioning and heater. The complex power system is driven by a gas turbine engine, which can also work on external power supplies.

SA-N-17 Grizzly 9M38M2)

The SA-N-17 (Russian Navy internal designation - 9M38M2) semi-active radar guidance intermediate-range air defense missiles which are based on the SA-N-7 (9M38) missile. It is similar to the U.S. 'Standard' ship-to-air missiles and is considered one of the world's most effective intermediate-range ship-to-air missiles today and has a maximum range of 50 km. This provides good medium range cover, but the latest versions of the 'Standard' missiles have a maximum range in excess of 100km. The single arm launchers possibly restricts the rate of fire in comparison to a vertical launch system. As installed on the Sovremenny Class, this missile system can simultaneously resist six anti-ship missiles and aircraft in all weather conditions. It has strong viability, is simple to operate, and is equipped with two photoelectric sights for use under strong electronic jamming. This missile system can also track 75 targets simultaneously, aim at 15 of them, and attack six of them using six MR 90 Orekh (NATO Codename: Front Dome) trackers. This is with a Top Plate radar.

It has an extremely powerful anti-jamming capability and is able to operate reliably within an extremely harsh electronic warfare (EW) environment. This missile system has the capability of intercepting anti-ship missiles wave-hopping at minimum altitude from a distance of 12-3.5 km. This capability is rare in the world and is something that the U.S. 'Standard' ship-to-air missiles still do not have even to this day. The SA-N-17 is 5.76 meters long, 0.4m in diameter, a wingspan of 0.86m and a total weight of about 700 kg. The warhead weighs 70 kg, maximum speed Mach 3, maximum overload 20G, and the system response time is less than 16 seconds. When two missiles are fired at the same time, the fragmentation probability against aircraft is greater than 0.96 and against missiles, greater than 0.86. It has an attack height of 5 - 22,000 meters, a maximum firing range of 38 km, and is capable of intercepting targets flying at a high speed of Mach 2.4.


The HQ-16 is a joint development project between China and Russia that apparently represents a further evolution of the Russian Grizzly. The system would represent a significant overall improvement in Chinese air defense capabilities. The HQ-16 will reportedly have a range of 50 miles and the ability to hit both high and low flying targets.

China's new land-based mid-range Surface to Air Missile (SAM) system reached operational capability in September 2011. Military observers say that deployment of this missile system will boost China's air defense capability. The new SAM system, dubbed by foreign media as the Hongqi-16, or Red Flag-16, has been delivered to an air defense unit in the Shenyang Military Region. In a recent drill, two HQ-16 missiles fired by the unit successfully hit their aerial targets.

As well as being able to engage aerial targets at high altitude, the mid-range HQ-16 is also able to intercept very low-flying targets at a distance of up to about 40 kilometers, filling the gap between the HQ-7 short-range SAM and the HQ-9 long-range SAM systems.

According to Modern Navy, the official magazine of the PLA Navy, the naval variant of the missile system, which has been fitted on Type 054A frigates, can intercept sea-skimming missiles that fly less than 10 meters above the sea surface. In modern air attacks, large numbers of land-attack cruise missiles, such as the US Tomahawk missile, are being used. They fly about 50 meters above the ground to avoid early radar warning and interception attempts.

But the current mid-range SAM missile system HQ-12 can only engage targets that fly 300 meters above ground, according to the promotion brochure of its export version, called the KS-1A system. Besides the low-altitude engagement capability, the HQ-16 is also more accurate than the HQ-12. The deployment of the land-based HQ-16 can greatly enhance the mainland's capability to counter modern air attacks,.

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Page last modified: 13-09-2021 17:24:34 ZULU