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S-500 System

The earliest attestation of the S-500 was in June 2000, when Secretary of Defense William Cohen and Rep. Curt Weldon (R-PA), Chair of the House Armed Services Committee's Military Research and Development Subcommittee, led a US delegation to Moscow to meet with Russian Deputy Defense Minister Nikolai Mikhailov and several senior Russian generals. In these discussions, two new Russian surface-to-air missile systems were mentioned: the S-400 Triumf, then still under development, and the S-500, which at that time was said to exist solely on paper.

By 2004 Defense Ministry experts were working with their counterparts of the Russian defense industry to specify the performance of the future air defense system to be developed at the Almaz-Antei Air Defense Holding Company. At that time, Army General Alexei Moskovsky, Armed Forces Chief for Armament and Deputy Defense Minister, said that the first thing was to come to a mutual agreement with the defense industry on the development of a single system on the basis of the work done by Almaz-Antei. He explained that he meant the S-300V for Land Forces and the S-300P system for long-range air defense.

Moskovsky stated that the existing fleet of air defense systems in service should be combined with new solutions. "The new systems are the same S-300s. And we should not forget that the S-400 system's official tests are scheduled for next year [ie, 2005]. It is obvious that we need an effective answer to this question. Samoderzhets is not simply an anti-aircraft missile system, but a program aimed to find the most effective solution to make the maximum use of various AD systems," the general said.

The new system should be made with due account of the new trends in aerospace attack assets development. "An aerospace defense concept should specify the performance of single systems. Therefore, the second goal of the Samoderzhets program is to find the most optimum performance specifications of the new system," Moskovsky said. He added that the systems already fielded would have to be adjusted for the new concept, as well as the S-400s to come. "We will most likely choose this road. But will step on it only as soon as we have clear and agreed performance specifications".

The Samoderzhets is intended to become the basis for the unified anti-aircraft missile complex for all types of the Russian military forces. It can also become the basis of a theater missile defense (TMD) complex ensuring protection from short-range ballistic missiles on the battlefield. The system combines the long range of the S-300VM missile and the advanced electronics of the S-400 missile. As a result Russian designers have developed a system that they claim is better by all parameters then the newest American system, the PAC-3 Patriot.

The 9M82M missile has a maximum range of 200km against large aircraft targets and can engage ballistic missiles re-entering at speeds of up to 4.5km/s. The latter velocity is associated with missiles with a range of 2,500km. Its warhead creates 20g fragments.

On 08 August 2007 it was reported that the Russian Air Force commander stated that Russia was developing a fifth-generation air defense missile system that is superior to S-400 Triumf complex and capable of hitting targets in space. "While working on the S-400, we have been developing a fifth-generation air defense system, which will be more compact, more maneuverable, and will certainly have superior technical characteristics," Colonel General Alexander Zelin said. According to Zelin, the new missile system will combine elements of air, missile and space defense, and will be developed by the Almaz-Antei air defense consortium. The Air Force commander said major enhancements would be made to the system's electronic components. "The enhancement of electronics will allow the systems to see farther, higher and react quicker, which will significantly expand the range of their capabilities, including repelling strikes from space," Zelin said. The missiles will have a build-in intelligence system, which will analyze the aerial and radar environment and take decisions about its altitude, speed and direction of the flight, the chief of the Russian Air Forces Lieutenant General Viktor Bondarev said August 10, 2014. The S-500 is an advanced version of S-400 with dedicated components designed to intercept ballistic missiles at a height of up to 200 km. The system is expected to be able to shut down up to 10 incoming ballistic missiles simultaneously. It also has an extended radar range compared to S-400.

Russia is developing the S-500 [Prometheus?] mobile surface-to-air missile system, which was announced to be deployed in 2013. The countrys latest state-of-the-art air defense system currently at the research and development stage the S-500 will also appear in 2017, the deputy defense minister told RSN radio in January 2015.

The S-500 is an advanced version of its predecessor the S400, and is designed to lock on to and intercept multiple ballistic missiles in seconds. By 2015 it was reported to possess the ability to operate at an altitude of up to 124 miles. The new S-500 system is said to have a refined radar system, as well as speeds of up to 4.3 miles per second. Its also expected to rival US technology, which currently touts the RAS3 Patriot missile defense system against the S400.

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Page last modified: 14-04-2018 18:00:22 ZULU