S-300 Series Tactical and Technical Performance
the S-300V was developed as tactical SAM system, while the S-300P was developed as a strategic SAM system. The S-300V was developed for Land Forces and the S-300P system for long-range air defense.
SA-10 GRUMBLE is the low-end S-300PS/PT series with FLAP LID radar and 5V55 radars. SA-20 GARGOYLE is the high-end S-300PM-1/2 series with TOMB STONE radar and 48N6 missiles. The 9M96 missiles don't fit into the larger 48N6 tubes, rather, the four-round 9M96 launcher replaces a 48N6 tube.
The S-300P has a similar code name but in fact is an entirely different missile system. The S-300V series includes two systems, S-300V (SA-12), and the improved S-300VM Antey 2500. These two weapons systems use two types of missiles, the 9M83 SA-12A Gladiator and the 9M83 SA-12B Giant.
The S-400 can selectively use several types of missiles, both previously developed SAMs and the new, unique SAMs. The Triumph air defense system can use 48N6E missiles of the S-300PMU-1 system and the 48N6E2 missiles of the S-300PMU-2 Favorit system. There are two new missiles in the S-400 system: the quad-packed missile has a range of 120-150km and the big one has a range of 400km.
Almaz is working on an S-500, described in September 2002 as an improvement of the Phase 2 S-400, with new missiles and radar. As of 2007 it appeared that the merged Antey-Almaz was working on the S-500 Samoderzhets (Autocrat) system, that will include elements from both the S-400 system and the S-300VM (Antey 2500).
|Family||S-300P (SA-10)||S-400 (SA-21)||S-300V (SA-12)|
|Initial NATO Nomenclature||SA-10A||SA-10B||SA-10C||SA-10D||SA-10E||SA-10F||SA-10F||SA-12B||SA-12A|
|Grumble A||Grumble B||Grumble C||Grumble D||Grumble E||Gargoyle A||Gargoyle B||Giant||Gladiator|
|Revised NATO Nomenclature||SA-10A||SA-10B||SA-10C||SA-20A||SA-20B||SA-21A||SA-21B||SA-12A/B||SA-12A/B|
|Grumble A||Grumble B||Grumble C||Gargoyle A||Gargoyle B||Growler A||Growler B||Giant||Gladiator|
|Target||Low-altitude jet||Low-altitude jet||Low-altitude jet||Low-altitude jet, TBM||Low-altitude jet, TBM||??||TBM||Anti-aircraft mainly||??||TBM||Anti-aircraft mainly||TBM, aircraft|
|Altitude (km)||-||0.025~25||0.025~25||0.025~27||0.01~27||??||0.005~25||0.005~30||185|| 0.1~30|
| 0.025~25 |
|Kill-probability||-||-||-||-||-||??||90% aircraft / 80% TBM||??|| 60% (high) |
|Reaction time (s)||-||-||-||-||-||??||-||??||15||7|
|Guidance system||- -||- -||Command + radio TVM||Command +?||??||Command + active radar homing||??||Inertial + Command + semi-active radar homing|
|Launch||Four cylinder dual-mounted vertical launch||Each cylinder 4 / 4 drum dual-mounted vertical launch||??||double row canisters |
4 cylinders in a row canisters vertical launch
|launch mass (kg)||-||1664||1804||1799||About 1,800||??||333||420||??||4690||2318||-|
|flight speed (m/s)||-||1860||1900||2000||2200||??||1000||900||??||2400||1700||-|
|Acceleration (g)||- -||25||25||-||-||??||30~60||20~60||??||20||20||-|
|Warhead (kg)||-||133||143||143||180||??||24||24||??||Directional Fragmentation|
|Propulsion||Single-stage high-thrust solid rocket motor||Two solid rocket motors|
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