Quartering and Construction Service
[Sluzhba Raskvartirovania i Odustroistva]
For some reason, translation of the Sluzhba Raskvartirovania i Odustroistva is ambiguous. While Quartering and Construction Service seems the most direct, it is also variously rendered as Accommodation and Amenity Service, Accommodation and Settlement Service (AASS), Billeting and Construction, Federal Agency of Construction and Housing Services, and Quartering and Amenities Service.
The quartering of troops and settlement - the work of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation to establish and engineering facilities of military infrastructure, the quartering of troops, creating conditions for the strategic deployment of the armed forces and warfare. With the 2008 presidential decree on the establishment of Oboronservis, the duties of the the Deputy Defense Minister are narrowed, since a construction holding will be established on the basis of construction organizations of the Defense Ministry. Construction is one of the most corrupt sectors in the Defense Ministry.
Construction and Troop Billeting was an independent supporting service, similar to the Rear Services, headed by another deputy minister of defense. Construction and Troop Billeting served as a large, mobile force of cheap labor to erect military bases and troop quarters as well as civilian and government buildings. The service had been used to complete high-priority projects and to work in harsh environments. Construction and Troop Billeting built military installations in the Soviet Far East since 1969, major airports, and the Moscow Olympics complex. The service also worked on Siberian natural gas pipeline and the Baykal-Amur Main Line.
The main task of quartering and arrangement of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation:
- Construction and operation of military and social infrastructures Armed Forces;
- The formation, management and disposal of housing as enshrined in the Ministry of Defense;
- State supervision on hazardous production facilities of the Ministry of Defense, State control of lifting equipment and pressure equipment, consisting of arms and military equipment;
- State examination of project documentation and investment projects, the state architectural and construction supervision of the quality of the construction of military infrastructure of the Armed Forces;
- Implementation of the right of ownership of real property assigned to the Armed Forces, as well as entitlements to natural resources, made use of armed forces.
The origins of military leave in the past - at a time when there is need to build fortress to protect Russian cities. The first information on the soldiers - construction specialists in Russia who told us to chronicle, were in 1016. Organized and effectively Military Construction structure in Russia formed in the XV century. A single body guide military construction in the face of engineering Pushkarskogo order. This is understandable. Russian army is reformed, with the required timely issues relating to the quartering of troops, their engineering, the creation of good, for the time apartments and maintenance of infrastructure. Jan 27 (January 13 Old Style) 1724 decree of Peter I, the Government of the Senate, are regular military construction unit with permanent personnel. Since 1725 military construction is divided into two corps: Garrison and Field. Garrison builders began construction of fortresses and various military buildings and installations. Field intended for the theater of military operations, construction equipment field type. Military construction played a significant role in strengthening the country's defense in the XX Century. During the heroic work on the construction of buildings during the Great Patriotic War, some 130 thousand people receive government awards. Order of Krasnaya Zvezda won 23 military construction battalion, 9 airfield construction regiments.
In June 1949, the Government of the country decided to combine the military construction into a single structure of the Military Construction Armed Forces and introduce the post of Deputy Secretary of Defense for Construction and Billeting [quartering of troops]. Decision of the Council of Ministers of the USSR, dated 18 June 1949, announced the order of Minister of the USSR Armed Forces of 4 Jul., 1949 Main construction management, asset management funds, property-maintenance management was transferred from the Chief of the Armed Forces in the rear to the Deputy Minister of Defense for construction and quartering of troops. On the basis of defensive construction, the Central airfield construction, and Glavvoenstroya Glavvoenmorstroya was a single military construction package that includes all activities, providing capital for all branches of the Armed Forces and the armed forces with a unified central government.
The first-ever military buildup Deputy Minister of Defense for construction and quartering of troops was Colonel-General VE Belokoskov, from August 1949 to April 1958. Subsequently, the position held: Colonel General Shebunin (July 1958 - November 1963), Army General Komarovsky (November 1963 - December 1973), marshals engineering troops AV Gelovani (March 1974 - October 1978), Shestopalov (December 1978 - September 1988), Colonel-General Checks (September 1988 - December 1993), Colonel-General A.D. Solomatin (December 1993 - April 1997), Army General AD Kosovan (April 1997. - March 2003). In March 2003 housing construction the Ministry of Defense headed by Colonel General AV Grebenyuk - Chief of quartering and arrangement of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation.
In November 2007, President Vladimir Putin criticized the military leadership for late delivery of a hospital in Kamchatka. Chief of quartering and improvement Army General Anatoly Grebenyuk and chief military medical management of Colonel General Igor Bykovhave lost their posts. Following the resignation of Grebenyuka, his former first deputy, Vlasov, became acting chief of quartering and improvement.
The Ministry of Defense officially confirmed the death on 21 February 2008 of the Acting Chief of the Cantonment and Resettlement ministry, General-Colonel Viktor Vlasov. The Russian Prosecutor's General Office investigated the death of this senior officer. General- Colonel Viktor Vlasov was the acting head of the army's housing service at the Defence Ministry. The General was found dead in his Moscow office. A gun was found next to his body. "A criminal investigation has been launched into the suicide of the acting head of army's housing service General-Colonel Viktor Vlasov. An investigation group has been set up. They are currently examining the scene of the incident," said Vladimir Markin, a representative from the Russian Prosecutor's General Office. "The investigation established that Vlasov had committed suicide and the criminal investigation was halted," Vladimir Markin later said.
Colonel General Viktor Vlasov, acting head of the Quartering and Amenities Service, had submitted his resignation before taking his own life. He commanded the Defense Ministry department responsible for allocating billions of dollars worth of apartments and rent subsidies. Vlasov coordinated an ambitious ministry program on the provision of residential apartments for families of military servicemen, which had a budget of 13 billion rubles (about $530 million) in 2007. Shortly before his death, Vlasov had begun inquiries into the activities of the ministry's housing department, in the course of which he discovered a number of violations. Criminal proceedings were instituted against some officers and generals of AASS this year. Sergei Usachev, deputy director of the department of the accumulation mortgage system of housing supply of the Defense Ministry, was dismissed in March of 2008 because of instituting of criminal proceedings against him. Criminal proceedings were instituted against some other officers of the Service.
In September 2008 Colonel-General Vladimir Filippov was appointed Chief of quartering and construction of the Ministry of Defense, Deputy Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation.
Military builders constructed hundreds of unique, sophisticated in engineering to special installations and defense systems, which now define the country's defenses including space launch «Baikonur» (from the time when the land of the Kazakh steppe was vbit first «peg» future of space, time to launch the first artificial Earth satellite, was only 3 years. The magnitude of tasks say such figures: the creation of only ground complex system «Energy -Buran »volume erected buildings and facilities comparable to the construction of the city with a population of 400 thousand people) and« Plesetsk »; construction sites: Kapustin Yar, Houston, Sary-Shagan, Balkhash and others, to create battle RVSN missile systems, command posts management and communication systems, air and missile defense, built airfields, naval bases, special fortifications; rehabilitated thousands of military towns, built many facilities administrative, educational, sports and curative health supplies, housing for servicemen and their families (for these years, housing roughly equal to the city with a population of five million).
Along with the implementation of the strategic defense objectives of the military builders worked on the construction of many of the economy, large industrial and research facilities have been put into operation: AES Obninsk, the Institute of Physics of the Earth, the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna, the plant in Angarsk. After the Tashkent earthquake military construction for 7 months built a satellite town of Uzbek capital Sergali, recovered Spitak, Leninakan, participated in the aftermath of the accident at the plant Chernobolskoy. Construction troops have been in Afghanistan, zones of natural and technological disasters, and built more than 120 new military settlements for the withdrawal of troops from Eastern Europe.
In Moscow, built the unique buildings: the Academy of General Staff of Troparevo Theater, the Russian Army, a sports complex «Olympic», Ice Palace CSKA sports, art studio Grekova name, the name of the Burdenko hospital, Vishnevsky and Mandryki, Star City near Moscow - all the fruits of labor Military Defense Ministry building complex.
In recent years, the Military Construction Department of Defense is in the process of renewal and reform. Modern conditions require major structural changes, non-parallel and overlapping structures, search for new forms and methods to solve problems.
As before one of the very vital problems of armed forces remains housing problem. Solution of this problem is priority for the leadership of the Ministry of Defense. By President of the Russian Federation in the message to federal meeting RF on April 26, 2007. "About the most important general national tasks" is given commission to ensure soldiers, who need a constant dwelling, to until 2010 and complete the forming of the fund for official dwelling under the authorized strength in 2012. This position is confirmed by President D.A.Medvedev in the budget message to federal meeting RF dated June 23, 2008. "About the budgetary policy in 2009-2011". In April 2008 in the Defense Ministry RF is affirmed strategy of the social development of the armed forces of the Russian Federation for the period until 2020. In accordance with it is developed strategic plan with respect to the solution of problem "an improvement in the housing conditions of the soldiers of the armed forces of the Russian Federation and members of their families for the period until 2020".
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