Parade - May Day
The May Day parade of 1941 was the last peaceful procession of the pre-war country. In the conditions prevailing in Europe, the demonstration of the power of the USSR was of particular importance, especially considering that among the foreign representatives there were also top officials of the Wehrmacht. Budyonny considered that from how well the Soviets would show their power and preparation, it might depend on whether the Soviet Union would be drawn into confrontation with the Germans.
The demonstration flight of the newest dive bombers was significant. However, according to a report by one of the Wehrmacht officers after the parade, "the Russian officer corps was in a sorry state and made a miserable impression," and "the USSR will need at least twenty years to restore the lost command staff." On the basis of what the above conclusions were made, one can only guess.
The next celebration took place on Red Square only three and a half years later on May 1, 1945, when everyone was already waiting for victory, and in the depths of the fascist den was the last bloody battle. Until 1944, military parades were performed by the Internationale, which was the anthem of the country. At the May Day parade in 1945, the first hymn of the USSR was sounded. A year later the People's Commissariat of Defense was renamed the Ministry of Defense, and the Red Army was called the Soviet Army.
Since the parade in 1957, it became a tradition to demonstrate various missile systems. In the same year, aviation did not perform at the celebration due to non-flying weather. Participation of pilots in the parades on the main square resumed only after forty-eight years at the May 2005 parade.
The parade on May 1, 1967, held in the year of the 50th anniversary of the Soviet power, was distinguished by the performance of a theatrical historical show with the participation of columns of Red Army men dressed in a greatcoat of the Civil War model, commissars in leather jackets and sailors belted with machine-gun belts. After a long time interruption, a squadron of cavalrymen reappeared on the square, after which machine-gun carts thundered along the cobblestones. Then the procession was continued by armored cars simulating samples of the beginning of the 20th century with built-in "Maxim" machine guns.
In 1968, the last May Day military parade was held. Since this year, in the celebration of May 1, only columns of workers passed through the square. And the military equipment for the survey was brought to the square only once a year on November 7.
A kind of turning point in the history of parades on Moscow's Red Square was an anti-communist demonstration on May 1, 1990. On this day, under the screams of anti-government slogans, the fate of the Soviet Union was decided, which was already beginning to slowly disappear into oblivion. In response to what was believed to be pro-government marches in Moscow, more and more republics of the USSR responded with mass protests, marking the beginning of a parade of sovereignties.
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