Anti-Tank Guided Missiles - Introduction
The protivotankovye upravlyaemye raketoy snaryad [PTURS - Anti-Tank Guided Rocket Projectile - ATGM] are one of the most dynamically developing segments of the world arms market. the market for the most advanced anti-tank weapons was actually divided between American and Israeli manufacturers. The achievements of the Russian defense-industrial complex (OPK) in this sphere on the world market are represented practically only by the AT-14 Kornet ATGM of the "2+" generation with a laser guidance system developed by the Tula Instrument Design Bureau (KBP).
The term "ATGM" itself has long not reflected all the tasks that are assigned to this type of weapon. Originally created as specialized means of fighting tanks, today anti-tank systems are effectively used to destroy a whole range of other small-sized targets: lightly armored and unarmored vehicles, various fortifications, manpower, and elements of the enemy’s infrastructure.
One of the main means of ensuring high efficiency, both offensive and defensive operations, has been and remains anti-tank missile systems (ATGW) used in portable and portable-portable versions, on mobile carriers - wheeled vehicles, infantry fighting vehicles, armored personnel carriers, as well as on tanks , helicopters and airplanes. ATGMs, initially created solely for the purpose of fighting armored vehicles, thanks to their high firing accuracy and the power of the combat units, became an effective reserve weapon for combined-arms commanders. In modern armed forces, anti-tank missile systems are the most massive type of precision weapons.
The analysis of military operations in various military conflicts of recent years shows the vital need for the further expansion of the tasks solved by this type of weapon. The increased dynamics of battles, mobility and independence of tactical units, an increase in the volume of armed clashes in populated areas, led to the fact that highly mobile and universal in their destructive capabilities, anti-tank missile systems began to be used as one of the main means of fire support for subunits, and offensive.
Russia has no third generation "fire and forget" missile. In Tula, a third-generation ATGM "Autonomy" with infrared homing type IIR (Imagining Infra-Red), which has never been brought to the level of mass production, has also been developed. Some sources describe the 9M133-1 CORNET-E AT-14 as "a third-generation long-range mobile-armed ATGM" but the operator's duties include "keeping the crosshair of the sight on the target until its defeat."
The Americans claim the "Javelin" ATGM is the only representative of the third generation in the world. Here they are clearly cunning. Similar complexes are found in Israel, India and Japan. Moreover, the Israeli "Spike" significantly exceeds the vaunted "Javelin" for combat capabilities. The shortcomings of the American Javelin include a small armor penetration rocket - according to various data from 600 mm to 800 mm under dynamic protection. The Russian "Cornet" can penetrate from 1200 mm to 1400 mm. And this means that the Russian missile will hit any NATO tank, even if it hits the forehead of the tower.
The most effective way to deal with such missiles is to burn its "vision" with a powerful laser.
Production exclusively for export is no longer a dominant factor for the Russian defense industry, as it was in previous times. In foreign armies, the rearmament of this standard continues. Almost all tenders for the purchase of anti-tank complexes are reduced to the competition of American ATGM Javelin and Israeli Spike. Nevertheless, there remain many foreign customers who can not purchase Western complexes solely for political reasons.
One of the main means of ensuring high effectiveness of both offensive and defensive operations was and still are anti-tank missile systems (ATGMs) used in portable and mobile-portable versions on mobile carriers - wheeled vehicles, infantry fighting vehicles, armored personnel carriers, and tanks , helicopters and airplanes. ATGM, initially created solely to combat the objects of armored vehicles, thanks to the high accuracy of fire and the power of the action of combat units have become an effective reserve weapon of combined arms commanders. In modern armed forces, anti-tank missile systems are the most massive type of precision weapons.
Anti-tank guided missiles are the most effective means of fighting tanks that have compared to other long-range firing, high probability of engaging armored cars and having small dimensions and masses. Currently, an anti-tank missile in conjunction with a launcher and special equipment is a complex technical conglomerate, called the anti-tank missile system (ATGM). Domestic anti-tank missile systems - one of the most technically sophisticated and science-intensive weapons, have undergone significant development in their development.
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