KBP Instrument Design Bureau im. Academician A. G. Shipunov
Tula Instrument Design Bureau (KBP)
JSC "Design Bureau of Instrument Engineering named after academician A.G. Shipunov" is one of the largest Russian defense industry enterprises, located in Tula. Included in the holding company "NPO" High-Precision Complexes "as part of the state corporation" Rostec ". Created in 1927 as the Design Bureau of Hand Weapons at the Tula Arms Plant. Initially engaged in the development of pistols, machine guns, aircraft guns. Since the 1960s, guided missile weapons have become a priority for the design bureau. Engaged in the development of anti-tank missile systems and combat modules (Metis, Cornet, Bakhcha), air defense systems (Pantsir), missile systems (Hermes), artillery systems of guided weapons (Krasnopol and others).
KBP since 2008 is part of the State Corporation "Russian Technologies", being one of the main enterprises of the holding JSC "NPO Precision systems." Main activities of the holding company - the development and delivery of the final samples of high-precision weapons, their parts and components in the interests of the Armed Forces and all law enforcement agencies, as well as in programs of military-technical cooperation with foreign countries.
JSC "Instrument Design Bureau im. Academician AG Shipunova" is one of the leading design organizations Russian defense industry, whose team developed, utilized in mass production and delivered to the Russian Army of more than 150 models of weapons and military equipment. KBP Instrument Design Bureau is a powerful scientific and industrial center creating the high precision weapon systems of close tactical zone as well as up-to-date small arms, gun and grenade launching weapons.
KBP designs and manufactures the most state-of-the-art weapon systems capable to compete successfully with the best foreign weapons. A whole series of items possesses unique tactical and strategic characteristics.
Considering the warfare experience of the recent decades KBP has chosen designing and manufacturing of the high precision weapons as a priority field due to capability of this equipment to accomplish combat tasks which can not be effectively fulfilled with conventional weapons or impossible to fulfill. Application of high precision weapons allows to avoid casualties, destruction of infrastructure and tangible property, ecological disturbance that are inevitable when powerful unguided weapons are employed, for instance, cluster and high-explosive fragmentation projectiles, aerial bombs and MLRS ammunition.
The distinctive feature of KBP is development of wide variety of high precision weapons of the «surface-to-surface», «surface-to-air» and «air-to-surface» tactical zones. The company designs such weapons for all arms of service. The technological advances in development of air defense missile-gun systems, antitank missile systems, armored vehicles armament systems and guided artillery systems have become the most well known.
At the same time, the KBP affiliate - TsKIB SOO, designs up-dated small arms and guns as well as grenade launching weapons. A system of special-purpose weapons was designed to equip law enforcement agencies, including automatic, hand-held and weapon-mounted grenade launchers, sniper rifles, assault rifles, submachine guns, pistols and revolvers.
A number of up-to-date military equipment items are taken into service of Russian army, Ministry of Internal Affairs, other security departments, as well as exported worldwide. In the context of economical instability of the last century, KBP managed to preserve its concepts, save and multiply its science and technology experience required to carry out new studies, to master plenty of advanced competitive approaches corresponding to the world standards. All above combined makes it possible for KBP to be among the leaders of the industry, to contribute in development of Russian economy owing to sales of military equipment at external market.
The main condition of the company development, as it is considered by the company management staff, is fulfillment of research and development works in designing of future items and modification of current ones, investing in R&D with significant enterprise funds. The number of employees in design departments is about 2,500 people.
KBP, being the prime designer of complex weapons, coordinates work of a large number of factories and organizations including RF Academy of Sciences institutes, building ideology and outlooks for development of many weapons on the state scale.
KBP has advanced manufacturing capabilities enabling creation of pre-production items and commercial weapons. Machining and technological facilities provide manufacturing of mechanical and electronic assemblies, system of different complexity, carry out final assemblage of weapon types.
The company is a remarkable international weapon market participant and proved to be a reliable partner. KBP's equipment is highly appreciated at specialized weapon exhibitions and foreign customers are interested in its procurement. Items designed by KBP are spread in more than 70 countries. At present, the stock of orders amounts several billion dollars.
KBP is proud of its employees - talented designers and workers. More than 1000 people are decorated with state awards and honorary titles. There are 15 Doctors of sciences, 70 Doctors of philosophy, 1 academician of Russian Academy of missile and artillery sciences, 65% of employees graduated from higher educational and vocational institutions. There are several thousands of workers and engineers in the company with majority coming from gunmaker families whose fathers and grandfathers forged glory of Tula and Russian weaponry in the second half of the XX century, and today their descendants continue these glorious traditions.
A huge array of military hardware is manufactured under licenses in many countries worldwide. Each new piece of armament, which leaves out factory, bears the creative spirit, traditions of scientific and technical concepts, and innovative ideas of many thousands of the KBP team members.
The US Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATF) observed Department of State trade sanctions imposed March 29, 1999, against three Russian companies, the Tula Instrument Design Bureau, the Volsk Mechanical Plant, and the Central Scientific Research Institute of Precision Machine-Building a/k/a Tzniitochmash. No permits would be approved for the importation of defense articles associated with these companies. Section 126.7 of the ITAR provides that any application for an export license or other approval under the ITAR may be disapproved and any license or other approval or exemption granted may be revoked, suspended, or amended without prior notice whenever, among other things, the Department of State believes that section 38 of the AECA (22 U.S.C. 2778), any regulation contained in the ITAR, or the terms of any U.S. Government export authorization (including terms of a manufacturing license or technical assistance agreement, or export authorization granted pursuant to the Export Administration Act, as amended) has been violated by any party to the export or other person having a significant interest in the transaction; or whenever the Department of State deems such action to be in furtherance of world peace, the national security or the foreign policy of the United States, or is otherwise advisable.
A decision was made on May 12, 2010, that it was in the foreign policy or national security interests of the United States to remove the restrictions imposed on the Tula Instrument Design Bureau (KBP) on April 29, 1999 under Federal Register notice 3039.
July 16, 2014, the PCU was put on the US sanctions list against Russia in connection with the events in Ukraine. Against it, "blocking sanctions" were introduced, providing for the complete cessation of contacts with the United States and the freezing of assets in American banks. On May 8, 2018, the enterprise for the first time fell under sanctions due to the non-proliferation of WMD (the decision of May 21, 2019 actually extends the previously introduced regime).
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