State Arms Program for 2011–2020
Russia will start producing six submarines and one aircraft carrier annually starting in 2013, Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin said on 02 February 2012. “By 2013, production capacity [at Russian shipyards] will allow us to build six submarines and an aircraft carrier every year,” Rogozin told reporters, adding that the number includes both nuclear and diesel-powered submarines. As a result, the production output will surpass that of the Soviet era when Russia built an average of five submarines annually, he said. Rogozin earlier said the production had been bogged down in the past by a lack of financing, outdated equipment and a shortage of skilled labor. Russia is planning to build eight Borey class strategic submarines and up to 10 Graney class attack subs by 2020.
the shipbuilding program included in the GPV 2011-2020 was discussed with great interest, and especially its adjusted version (2012), according to which by 2020 the fleet should include:
- ) 10 strategic missile submarines ( SSBN) project 955;
- ) 10 multipurpose nuclear submarines with cruise missiles (SSGN) project 885;
- ) 20 non-nuclear submarines, including six diesel-electric submarines of type 636.3 Varshavyanka (significantly improved) and the remaining 14 - a revised project 677 Lada;
- ) 14 frigates, including 6 ships of project 11356 ("admiral" series for the Black Sea Fleet) and 8 frigates of the latest project 22350;
- ) 35 corvettes, including 18 of the project 20380 and 20385, and the rest - of a completely new project;
- ) 4 ships of the universal landing craft (UDC) of the Mistral type, including two built in France, and the same number in domestic shipyards;
- ) 6 large landing ships (BDK) type 11711 "Ivan Gren";
- ) 6 small artillery ships of project 21630 "Buyan";
- ) a certain number of small missile ships (RTOs) of project 21631 Buyan-M.
Russia would develop a detailed 30-year plan of strengthening its naval forces by June 2012, Russian Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin wrote 06 February 2012. "A detailed 30-year plan of strengthening its naval forces will be developed by June 2012. The decision has already been made,” Rogozin wrote. The state military program for 2012-2020 has allocated 4.7 trillion rubles ($155 billion). In 2011, 85 billion rubles ($2.8 billion) was allocated on the construction of nuclear submarines, frigates, ship repair and maintenance. This year it expected to spend more than 93 billion rubles ($3 billion).
It is planned that in the future the submarine fleet will become the basis of Russia's naval force. Over the next few years it will receive two types of nuclear submarines and two types of diesel-electric submarines. This is primarily a Borey-class nuclear submarine, the carrier of the new Bulava intercontinental ballistic missiles. Eight of these submarines are planned to be built. Russia’s newest nuclear-powered submarine, the Yury Dolgoruky, is already undergoing sea trials; three more are in various stages of their completion.
Russia's Northern Shipyard (Severnaya Verf) had a contract with the Defense Ministry to build a total of 13 warships for the Russian Navy, the shipyard’s general director, Andrei Fomichev, said on 21 February 2012. These include six corvettes, six frigates and one reconnaissance ship, he said. On February 1, the St. Petersburg based shipyard started construction of two warships - the Project 20385 Gremyashchy corvette and the Project 22350 Admiral Golovko frigate. The Steregushchy and the Soobrazitelny corvettes had already been completed and transferred to the Navy.
The procurement plan of the Ministry of Defense of Russia for 2013 included
- Project 1135 - frigate "inquisitive", "OK" - on-condition repair. Repaired over 500 million rubles
- R & D Corvette OVR - Create the ship of water region of the new project tonnage not exceeding 2,000 tons - Development of conceptual design. 475 000.0 thous. Dates - February 2013, November 2017
- Project 14157 - diving boat (buying 2 units. In 2013, the delivery of 2 units. In 2014, the delivery of 2 units. In 2015) - 400 000.0 thous.
- Project 1607 - multifunctional modular boat search and rescue support ships and naval vessels in the team sites (buying 4 units. In 2013, the delivery of 4 units. In 2014, the delivery of 4 units. In 2015) - 480 000.0 thousand . rubles
- Medium sea tanker project 23130 (delivery in 2014, 2015) - 700 000.0 thousand rubles
The Russian Navy will receive about 80 support ships within the next three years, the Defense Ministry said on 06 January 2013. The Navy High Command said different types and classes of support and auxiliary vessels will help enhance the effectiveness of the Navy’s performance in all areas of responsibility. These will include tugboats, patrol boats, diving boats, modular search and rescue platforms, and floating cranes, the ministry said.
The Russian Caspian Flotilla will get two newest small-size missile ships and three Serna amphibious assault ships, a spokesman for the South military district said 05 January 2013. The flotilla will get small-size missile ships Grad Sviyazhsk and Uglich by summer and three Serna amphibious assault ships by spring, the spokesman said in a statement . Earlier reports said three modern Project 11770 Serna amphibious assault ships were to be delivered in the first half of the year. The Caspian flotilla is also expected to get two servant ships this year, the spokesman said.
Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said in March 2013 the Russian Navy would receive 24 submarines and 54 warships of various classes by 2020. “As a result of the implementation of the state rearmament program to 2020, the navy should receive eight nuclear-powered strategic submarines, 16 multirole submarines and 54 warships of various classes,” Shoigu said. The eight strategic missile boats include three Borey and five Borey-A class vessels (SSBN) armed with Bulava ballistic missiles. The 16 multi-purpose submarines include eight Graney class nuclear-powered attack submarines (SSN) and improved Kilo and Lada class diesel-electric (SSK) boats. In addition to submarines, the navy will receive Admiral Gorshkov class frigates and Steregushchy class corvettes, Buyan class corvettes and Ivan Gren Class large landing ships.
Delivery of some new ships to the Russian Navy due after 2015 under the current procurement program, could be delayed until 2025, President Vladimir Putin said 29 July 2013. "I know you have voiced the idea of introducing amendments into the existing state armaments program for financing ships which are due to be handed over by 2015," he told a conference on the Navy’s development. "And for ships due after 2015 - ascertain the amount of money already in the new state program for the period to 2025. This is all possible, let's see, but only so there are not setbacks," in order to “synchronize manufacturing capabilities with the volume of funding provided,” he added.
Putin said in 2012 that the procurement of new warships and submarines for the Navy would be a priority over the next decade. The Russian government has allocated five trillion rubles ($166 billion) or a quarter of the entire armament procurement budget until 2020 for the fleet. Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said in March the Navy would receive 24 submarines and 54 surface warships by 2020.
About 750 warships were modernized or repaired in 2012, Putin said, adding that development and testing of some new surface ships and submarines has been marking time. He attributed the delays in the delivery of new warships and weapon systems for the Navy to irregular supplies of components to subcontractors, a lack of effective collaboration between design organizations and manufacturing enterprises, and the low quality of equipment. No less than 132 equipment failures were found during construction of one warship, he said, urging industry and defense related agencies to submit proposals on ways of improving the situation.
Putin gave them six months to resolve these issues, Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin said after the meeting. Putin has already criticized the naval shipbuilding industry this year for its poor performance. In May, he sacked the head of United Shipbuilding Corporation, Andrei Dyachkov, after just 10 months in the job, and warned the new management he expected a major shakeup in the sector.
According to data from public sources, in April 2016 the fleet consisted of 42 submarines and 38 surface ships, including:
|8||nuclear submarines with ballistic missiles||project 941 "Shark", 955 "Borey" and 667BRDM "Dolphin"|
|4||nuclear submarines with cruise missiles||Project 885 "Ash" and 949A "Antey"|
|13||multipurpose nuclear submarines||671RTMK projects "Pike", 971 "Pike-B" 945 "Barracuda" and 945A "Condor"|
|9||nuclear submarines Specialty||1851 projects, 18511, 1910 and 10831 (AS-12)|
|1||diesel submarine of special purpose||project 20120,|
|7||diesel submarines||Project 877 "Halibut" and 677 "Lada".|
|1||heavy aircraft carrying cruiser||Project 1143.5 "Admiral of the Soviet Union Fleet Kuznetsov"|
|2||heavy nuclear-powered missile cruiser||Project 11442 "Orlan" (Flagship "Peter the Great" and "Admiral Nakhimov", the latter is being repaired)|
|1||missile cruiser||pr. 1164 "Marshal Ustinov" (to be repaired)|
|5||large anti-submarine ships||project 1155, etc. destroyer. 956 "Admiral Ushakov"|
|2||small missile ship||project 12341, gunboat,|
|6||small anti-draft ships||1124M|
|4||large landing ship||project 775,|
Naval Fleet of the Russian Federation does not plan to reduce the program of construction of warships. Their nomenclature and volume will remain at the same level, according to deputy commander of the Navy Armaments Vice Admiral Victor Bursuc. "There are several options for the implementation of long-term program, but a final decision on new naval construction program Supreme Commander is not accepted", the deputy commander of the Navy said 01 august 2016.
Currently the main naval efforts are focused on building long-term nuclear destroyer "leader" carrier "Storm", large landing helicopter type "Avalanche". New nuclear destroyer "Leader" will be performed within the concept of "stealth". A large reactor installed power will set the weapon on the ship, working on new physical principles - laser or electromagnetic guns. The "Storm", according to developers, is ready. However, due to the long construction time, he needs to be improved to meet the challenges for the future, the newspaper notes. Designing a new large landing helicopter, according to Vice-Admiral Badger, will begin in 2017.
The president of the United Shipbuilding Corporation (OIC) Alexei Rakhmanov told Tass 05 July 2018 that "The most difficult is, probably, the need to answer for old debts. The lion's share of our efforts was focused on closing all "long-term construction". The Frigate Admiral Gorshkov, the large amphibious ship Ivan Gren, the frigate Admiral Grigorovich - all these ships have a difficult history, one of the reasons for which is the lack of funding for the 1990s and the early 2000s, problems associated with any head project, and the customer's desire to keep up with the times and introduce new developments. This is understandable and in its own right aspiration, but a new task is always a new restructuring. And when such a story repeats itself, do not be surprised that the deadline for surrender is seriously shifted to the right. Such is the fee for perfectionism."
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