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Kaspiysk

The main base station for the Red Banner Caspian Flotilla will be the city of Kaspiysk located in Dagestan. This was stated by Russian Minister of Defense Sergei Shoigu. According to him, the military is currently building coastal infrastructure and housing. After the collapse of the USSR, most of the flotilla units were deployed in the Astrakhan region. According to experts, the relocation will significantly increase the capabilities of this operational association of the Navy.

The Russian MOD has not declassified the total cost of the new base, however, it has announced that half a billion rubles was spent only on research and design work. The relocation of vessels to Kaspiisk started in December 2018. MoD planned to complete the construction of a new military port in Kaspiisk in 2020. A few kilometers south of Makhachkala, this new naval base is expected to welcome all the Kalibr-equipped units of the Caspian Flotilla. Situated closer to the geographical center of the Caspian Sea, it will enable these platforms to strike any target from Central Asia to the Middle East on short notice.

Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu announced the transfer of the Red Banner Caspian Flotilla (CFL) from Astrakhan to Kaspiysk. The head of the department said that the construction of coastal infrastructure and housing facilities is underway on the territory of the future base point. A decision has been made to transfer the Caspian flotilla to Kaspiysk. There we have a huge construction project unfolding: piers, moorings, service points, housing. The number of our officers and military personnel will increase by several times, Shoigu said at a meeting with the leadership of the military department.

MakhachkalaThe decision to improve the infrastructure of the Caspian Flotilla was made in August 2017 at a board of the Ministry of Defense. A month later, the first deputy head of the military department, Ruslan Tsalikov, arrived in Kaspiysk. The Deputy Minister of Defense heard reports from the command of the Southern Military District on plans for the construction of a mooring front and land facilities KFl. Tsalikov also inspected the territories intended for construction work, and objects that are subject to major repairs. According to the plans of the Ministry of Defense, the first stage of the construction of ship-based locations will be completed in 2019. Over the next two years, work will be carried out in Kaspiysk to deepen the bottom, erect a mooring front (ship mooring lines, pools and piers) and a number of ground infrastructure facilities. In 2020, a hospital, storage facilities for ammunition, barracks for soldiers and housing for officers will appear in Kaspiysk. As a result, a full port infrastructure will be created in the Dagestan port. The home base will be protected from natural disasters and possible enemy attacks.

Kaspiysk is the base of CFL strike forces. There are five units of the CFL in the city: the 106th brigade of ships for the protection of the water area, the 250th guards division of surface ships, the 242nd division of landing ships, the 414th separate battalion of the marine corps, a separate radio center.

In Makhachkala, the 137th Special Purpose Detachment For Combating Submarine Subversive Forces and Means (PDSS) and the hydrographic service unit are deployed. In the Soviet years, Baku was the main base for the flotilla. In 1992, the headquarters and a significant part of the CFL units were moved to Astrakhan - a geographic location less strategically advantageous. Now in the city there are the 293rd rescue squad, logistics base, a group of hydrographic vessels and a communications detachment. The 198th division of minesweepers (Nikolo-Komarovka), the 727th separate battalion of the marine corps (Novolesnoye), the logistics center (Trudfront), the 73rd brigade of water area protection ships (Zolotoy Zaton) and 327 Rocket Boat Division (Zaton Zaton).

In total, the Caspian flotilla consisted of 17 divisions. The surface component includes 28 warships and boats: two patrol ships, three small missile ships, four small artillery ships, five artillery boats, one missile boat, six landing ships and seven minesweepers. The tasks of the CFL include assisting the forces of the Southern Military District, protecting trade routes and oil fields, conducting anti-terrorism measures and carrying out joint missions with partners in the region. The ship groups of the Caspian flotilla as part of the small missile ships Grad Sviyazhsk, Uglich, Velikiy Ustyug, and the base minesweeper M. Gadzhiev and two raid minesweepers completed tactical exercises at sea and returned to their base points - the ports of Makhachkala and Astrakhan.

The Caspian flotilla is the smallest navy unit, but its role has become much more significant since the start of the Syrian operation. The flotilla received baptism of fire on October 7, 2015. The ships Dagestan, Uglich, Grad Sviyazhsk and Veliky Ustyug fired 26 Caliber cruise missiles at terrorist targets .

Dagestan media write that Kaspiysk is much better suited to the role of the main location for CFL. The city has a developed transport infrastructure, sufficient territory for the construction of military facilities and there are no dominant heights. The more southerly geographical position of the future deployment site will solve a number of problems. The Caspian flotilla will be less dependent on ice drift and will be able to more quickly deploy forces in the region at any time of the year.

Mine-sweeping forces of the Russian Navy expects a major update. In the next 15 years, the fleet command expects to get 40 minesweepers ...

In an interview with Red Star, Vice Admiral, Commander of the CFL in 1991-1996, Boris Zinin said that the idea of creating a military port in Kaspiysk appeared in 2011. The new base should become a convenient parking lot for a growing number of warships. According to Zinin, access to the sea from the Astrakhan base is difficult due to shallow depths and the Volga fairway freezing in winter. At the same time, the Caspian basing point today is a narrow coastal strip 150 meters long. Ships often have to moor not on board to the berth, but in a less secure contact way (side by side to each other).

In an interview with RT, Alexei Leonkov, Commercial Director of Arsenal of the Fatherland magazine, explained that the transfer of units of the CFL from the Astrakhan region to Kaspiysk will significantly increase the capabilities of this operational association of the Navy. Russia will be able to open a missile umbrella over Transcaucasia and the vast territory of the Middle East. With the commissioning of a new base, ships of the Caspian flotilla will be more quickly deployed to combat duty areas. The Caspian Flotillas area of destruction, thanks to the Caliber complexes, is extremely large. Russia will be able to reliably cover its allies in Transcaucasia, Central Asia and the Middle East, Leonkov said.

The ethnic composition of the townspeople has changed significantly. If in the middle of the last century the city was inhabited mainly by Russians, now it is mainly the peoples of Dagestan. The coast is covered with fine and coarse sand and smooth shells. The official beaches have awnings, cabins and showers. There is also a beach equipped with ramps for disabled people. Directly opposite one of the beaches is an improved version of Fort Boyar. It was a testing and assembly station for heavy duty products. It was the workshop #8 of Dagdiesel, built in 1939. With an interesting story and having a clone in Germany - German intelligence knew what to drag from the USSR. The locals call this workshop Tamara. Now this marvel is abandoned, and tourists are brought to it by sea.

Kaspiysk is one of the youngest cities in Dagestan and the country, the brainchild of the first Soviet five-year plans. And if the name was given to him by the gray-haired Caspian, then life itself is the Dagdiesel plant. Therefore, in the story of the city, the plant is given the main place.

The decision to build a headquarters for the production of naval weapons in Dagestan was made at the proposal of Sergo Ordzhonikidze at a meeting of the Politburo Ts.K VKP (b) in the summer of 1931. Looking ahead, it must be said that this decision turned out to be very far-sighted. Already in 1942, after the Nazi invasion of Ukraine, factory No. 182 (namely, it was called Dagdiesel until 1966) became not only the headquarters, but actually its only profile in the country, however, even after the collapse of the USSR, it remains today the only one in the Russian Federation.

And then, more than 60 years ago, 18 kilometers from Makhachkala, in a narrow strip between the mountains and the sea, among malaria swamps, salt marshes and sand dunes, a small group of designers and workers who arrived from Leningrad erected the first tents, and a shield was driven into the ground with only two words: "Give the engine!"

That was the beginning. Workers and specialists from all over the country began to arrive at the construction of the plant and the village of Dvigatelstroy from Moscow and Leningrad, Rostov and Astrakhan, Ukraine and the Caucasus, the Urals and Central Asia. Every day the tent city was replenished with envoys of cities and villages of Dagestan. Thus, this construction site immediately, initially became nation-wide and international. Subsequently, the factory staff and the population of Kaspiysk became the same multinational.

The construction of the firstborn of the Dagestan industry was led by well-known specialists and organizers in the country. The construction manager was Nikolai Alekseevich Fetisov, the chief engineer was Alexander Solomonovich Dezortsev, the deputy construction manager, and then the first party organizer of the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) for Dvigatelstroy was the lacquer Zagidi Huseynovich Feodaev. And the main curator of the construction was the People's Commissar of Heavy Industry of the USSR Grigory Konstantinovich Ordzhonikidze.

An important organizational role in the formation of the plant and the city was played by the leaders of Dagestan, its scientific personnel. In particular, Abdulgamid Dzhambulatovich Tangiev is the head of Dagproektstroy, who, together with his Leningrad colleagues, carried out design and survey work here. The hulls quickly rose, the working village of Dvigatelstroy grew and developed. In 1936, the plant manufactured an experimental batch of products, and in 1937 - began mass production. Already in 1939, the plant reached its design capacity.

So, by a decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the RSFSR on September 17, 1947, the working village of Dvigatelstroy was transformed into the city of Kaspiysk. And a year later, at the plant N182 mastered a new type of product - diesel engines, which are now known in 34 countries. It is with this direction of production that the new name of the plant is connected - Dagdiesel and its two-letter symbol D against the background of the anchor. Despite its direct relationship with shipbuilding, the land concerns of the country, affairs on the coast and, in particular, were not alien to the enterprise - in agriculture. In the fifties, Kaspiysk was also a supplier of self-propelled balers, assemblies for silage combines and other agricultural machinery (this tradition, by the way, is preserved even now, in difficult times of conversion, when the production of mowing machines and other civilian products makes it possible to support life at Dagdiesel). But, of course, the production of military rocket technology became the most prestigious area of the plants work from 1957 to 1964. The product was a water-to-water projectile designed to destroy enemy surface ships and coastal fortifications. In short, it was the world's first sea-based cruise missile, and it was created in Russia, in Dagestan, in Kaspiysk!

Kaspiysk itself, in which less and less remained from the workers' village every year, became a typical socialist city without outskirts. A lot of housing was being built, streets and houses went into the steppe, and it even seemed that in a dozen or two years Makhachkala and Kaspiysk would merge and become one spacious and sunny city. In the architectural appearance of Kaspiysk, St. Petersburg traditions laid down by Leningrad designers are still felt, even in details. This is a beautiful cast-iron lattice of the park surrounding the Palace of Culture, and a monument to Kirov, and the linear layout of the city, and its appeal to the sea.

Not only the city itself grew - its production and scientific potential developed well supported by the military-industrial complex. That is why in 1960 he went into operation and began to produce navigation and other ship equipment Caspian Precision Mechanics Plant. The industrial appearance of the city and its marine character were brightly complemented by the Volga branch of the Nizhny Novgorod shipbuilding plant, built in the late 60s. It is here that the assembly and flight tests of ekranoplanes are carried out - giant flying ships that have no analogues in world shipbuilding, and still amaze the imagination.

The conditions of secrecy of those years did not allow saying that both the Caspian Sea and Kaspiysk were chosen by the creator Rostislav ALEKSEEV for the completion and testing of military ekranoplanes, a great designer whose scope of talent and deed is comparable to the deeds, projects and achievements of engineering giants such as A. Tupolev and S. Korolev. R. Alekseev also fought for speed, but not in the air or in space, but on the water, and judging by the fact that the ekranoplanes are attracting more and more attention in the world as the transport of the future, he achieved his goal.




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Page last modified: 17-11-2019 19:08:22 ZULU