Tank Factory Utilization 1939 – 1993
Plant 75  Malyshev Khar'kov Tank Plant [Ukraine]
The T648 was assembled at the tank plant in Khar'kov. T64A production ceased after T64B production hit full stride, but this was not confirmed in the West. T64As were still being delivered to army units, but it is unclear if these vehicles were new or transfers from units that are receiving newer equipment. In recent years, Khar'kov's annual serial production probably amounted to somewhere between 500 and 800 vehicles a year.
Plant 174  Omsk Tank Plant
The T 80 was in serial production at Omsk. It was difficult for several reasons to predict future annual tank production levels at Omsk. Despite its capacity, Omsk never produced as many tanks as Nizhniy Tagil. The last serial production program at Omsk was the T55, and the annual T55 production at Omsk never exceeded 1,200 a year. Moreover, Western analysts could discount the possibility that Omsk would serially produce other weapons in addition to tanks.
Plant 183  Uralvagonzavod Nizhniy Tagil Tank and Railroad Car Manufacturing Plant
The tank plant at Nizhniy Tagil produced tanks of the T72 series. The respsnsibility for the production of at least one of these variants may have been shifted to Chelyabinsuk. This shift may mean that Nizhniy Tagil will concentrate on the serial production of a new tank. If the history of the T 54/55 series can serve as a guide, the T72 family, which entered series production in 1974; will remain in production for several more years. This suggests that the new tank may be an advanced variant of the T72 series. In recent years, Nizhniy Tagil's annual serial production probably amounted to somewhere between 1,700 and 2,300 vehicles a year. In addition to its assembly activities, Nizhniy Tagil manufactured components for use in the modernization of T54s, T55s, and T62s.
Plant 185  Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant
The plant at Chelyabinsk began assembling T72sprobably the T72B, but possibly the basic model with a coincidence rangefinder as well. These tanks probably were intended for the export market. Chelvabinsk could be taking over production of these models from Nizhniv Tagil.
Year  No. 75 Malyshev UKRAINE post 1991  No. 183
KhPZ “Komintern” Kharkov Locomotive Works Kharkov Nizhniy Tagil Uralvagonzavod Vagonka  No. 174
K.Ye, Voroshilov Omsktransmash Transmash  No.185
LKZ Leningrad Kirov Factory Leningrad plant Chelyabinsk Chelyabinsk Kirov Factory Tankograd  
1939  V2 engines  T34 Model 1940  T26  KV1 Model 1940  
1940  V2 engines  T34 Model 1940  T50  KV1 Model 1940  
1941  V2 engines  T34 Model 1941  T50  KV1 Model 1941  
1942  T34 Model 1942  KV1 Model 1942  
1943  T34 Model 1943  KV1 Model 1943, KV1s, T34 Model 1943  
1944  T34 Model 1943, T3485 Model 1945  IS2  
1945  T3485 Model 1945  ISU152  IS2m, IS3  
1946  T3485 Model 1945, T44  ISU152  IS3  
1947  T44, T54 Model 1947  IS3  IS3, IS4  
1948  T54 Model 1947  IS3  IS3  
1949  T54 Model 1949  
1950  T54 Model 1949  
1951  T54 Model 1951  
1952  T54 Model 1951  
1953  T54 Model 1951  T10  T10  
1954  T54 Model 1951  T10  T10  
1955  Object 430  T54A  T10  T10  
1956  Object 430  T54A  T10A  T10A  
1957  Object 430  T54B  T10B  T10B  
1958  Object 430  T54B,T55  T10M  T10M  
1959  Object 430  T54B, T55  T10M  T10M  
1960  Object 432  T55  T10M  T10M  
1961  Object 432  T55  T10M  T10M  
1962  Object 432  T55, T62  T10M  T10M  
1963  T64  T55A, T62  T10M  
1964  T64  T55A, T62  T10M  
1965  T64  T55A, T62  T10M  
1966  T64  T55A, T62  T10M  
1967  T64  T55A, T62  
1968  T64  T55A, T62  
1969  T64A  T55A, T62, Object 172  
1970  T64A  T55A, T62, Object 172  
1971  T64A  T55A, T62, Object 172  
1972  T64A  T55A, T72  
1973  T64A  T55A, T72  Object 219  Object 219  
1974  T64A  T55A, T72  Object 219  Object 219  
1975  T64A  T55A, T72  Object 219  Object 219  
1976  T64B  T55A, T72 T80  T80  
1977  T64B  T55A, T72 T80  T80  
1978  T64B  T55A, T72 T80B  T80B  
1979  T64B  T55A, T72A T80B  T80B  
1980  T64B  T72A  T80B  T80B  
1981  T64B  T72A  T80B  T80B  
1982  T64B  T72A  T80B  T80B  
1983  T64BV  T72A  T80BV  T80BV  
1984  T64BV  T72A  T80BV  T80BV  
1985  T64BV  T72A  T80U  T80U  
1986  T72B  T80U  T80U  
1987  T80UD  T72B  T80U  T80U  
1988  T80UD  T72BM  T80U  T80U  
1989  T80UD  T72BM  T80U  T80U  
1990  T72BM  T80U  T80U  
1991  T90  T80U  T80U  
1992  T90  T80U  T80U  
1993  T84  T90  T80UM  T80UM  
The tanks listed are the main production items at those factories in those years. In the years which are blank, the factories did upgrades and depot level rebuilding of earlier production items.  
Factory No. 75 produced engines until it moved out of Kharkov; on its return, was reformed and given a tank production mission; renamed the “Malyshev” plant on his death in 1957  
Factory No. 183  Uralvagonzavod  was moved to Nizhniy Tagil in 1941 and kept the same designator when it stayed after the war  
Factory No. 174 was in Chkalov and used as the core of the reformed Leningrad tank industry in 1945; lost its production tasks in the late 1980s and all current production is performed in Omsk  
Factory No. 185  Originally in Leningrad, moved to Chelyabinsk in 1941 and moved to Omsk after 1962  
Factory No. 100  Bol’shevik  Prototype Design for Special Machinery 
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