The unique scientific-industrial complex of Russia, the world's largest in terms of production and technological areas, Uralvagonzavod [UVZ (Ural Vagon Zavod) and not UAZ which is Ulyanovsk Avto Zavod] has always been at the forefront of the Russian industry. "The world's first, unique, one ..." - these words for decades determined the biography of the company.
State Unitary Enterprise "Production Association "URALVAGONZAVOD" imeni Felix E. Dzerzhinsky, is one of the Russian leaders in developing and manufacturing high-quality machine-building products of world class. Besides it enjoys a firm reputation as careful and reliable partner. Its main activities are the following: production of railway cars and tanks, road-building vehicles, metallurgical production, tool production, production of consumer goods.
"URALVAGONZAVOD" ["Ural coach factory"] is a unique machine-building enterprise, one of the largest scientific and industrial complexes is Russia that possesses high-power technical and intellectual potential.
There is stiff competition between different designers and manufacturers for almost all defense goods in Russia, and there is not enough money to go around for everyone. This meant that when the military decided to design new tanks at Nizhny Tagil's Uralvagonzavod, which produces the T-90 tank, it spelled disaster for the Omsk-based Transmash plant and its T-80 tank.
"URALVAGONZAVOD" is one of the Russian leaders in developing and manufacturing high-quality machine-building products of world class. Besides it enjoys a firm reputation as careful and reliable partner. Its main activities are the following: production of railway cars and tanks, road-building vehicles, metallurgical production, tool production, production of consumer goods.
"URALVAGONZAVOD" was built in the years of the first Five-Year Plan (1931-1936) as an integral part of Ural-Kuzbas coal-metallurgical complex. On 11 October 1936, the first railway heavy-freight cars came off the enterprise conveyor. During the incomplete five prewar years the enterprise produced in total 35.5 thousand of various railway cars.
A singular role was played by "URALVAGONZAVOD" in the years of Great Patriotic War (1941-1945). Kharkov Locomotive Factory (KhPZ) merged with Uralvagonzavod in Nizhny Tagil to form Ural Tank Factory No. 183 (I.V. Stalin), 1941 - becoming the world's largest tank factory. Ural Tank Factory No. 183, developed from "URALVAGONZAVOD" in 1941 and was named for "Komintern". It became one of the largest defense factories of Russia. Every day it sent an echelon of T-34 tanks to the front from its conveyors. 35 thousand of these battle vehicles were produced by the factory in the years of the war.
In August 1941, by the decision of the State Defense Committee on the basis of Uralvagonzavod and 12 evacuated enterprises was created Ural tank factory number 183 imeni Comintern. In just 2 months, production was rebuilt to military production. Almost every third tank, which took part in the fighting, came off the line of the Ural tank factory. During the war in the squares UTZ has been collected 25 thousand combat vehicles. This is more than in all plants in Germany (23 thousand. Tanks) combined.
For contribution to the team victory number 183 UTZ imeni The Communist International was awarded the Order of Red Banner of Labor (1942), the Red Banner (1943), World War 1 degree (1945). In 1944 the Tank Design Bureau was awarded the Order of Lenin.
With the T-34 actually started the domestic tank building design school, which has developed and strengthened within the walls of Uralvagonzavod. Postwar tanks of the T-44 to T-62 kept the fighting traditions "Thirty." Fire armor maneuver embodied in the modern mass tank T-72, which provides the basis of ground forces in many countries. During its creation and organization of production Uralvagonzavod was awarded the Order of Lenin (1970) and the October Revolution (1976).
The new generation of Russian tanks - rocket-gun tank T-90S with reactive armor, and opto-electronic system of fire suppression jointly combat and technical characteristics, not only to the best tanks in other countries, but in many ways superior to them. About 100 thousand units of armored vehicles were produced at Uralvagonzavod, since 1941 - and it is an absolute world record in tank.
The continuation of design ideas began to tank builders car logistics engineering equipment, which are used not only in the military but also for peaceful purposes: to help in the aftermath of accidents, disasters, earthquakes.
After the War, A.A.Morozov took the core of the design team with him. The remainder of the design bureau in Nizhniy Tagil was tasked with ensuring that T-34, T-44, and T-54 blueprints used in production (recall that the T-54 was built at many factories, including ones in Poland, China, and Czechoslovakia) were identical to the originals. The bureau also had to improve and modernize the T-54 tank. However, the ambitious collective that remained, used to creative work, was not satisfied with this arrangement. Interestingly enough, factory management was also interested in changing tank models.
In March, 1946, "URALVAGONZAVOD" proceeded with production of freight railway cars. The Ural Design Department of Railway Car Building is at the head of freight car building, both in undercarriage and automatic couplers. All the factories manufacturing car-building products work by the documentation of this organization. Specialists of Design Department have developed a significant list of projects for freight cars, trucks, automatic couplers and braking devices. This list comprises 40 models of 4-axle gondola cars different in design and carrying capacity, 12 models of 8-axle all-metal gondola cars, 5 models of 6-axle gondola cars, several models of box cars, tanks and flat cars.
In the early fifties the enterprise began to fulfill important orders for the space service, including design and production of equipment for launching orbital vehicles "Vostok", "Voskhod", "Proton" and shuttle "Energy" - "Buran". Tsisternostroenie began with a cryogenic production association (created in 1954). Uralvagonzavod has made a significant contribution to the design and manufacture of systems and equipment for launch of artificial satellites (since the launch of the first 4 October 1957), and manned orbital vehicles, reusable space system "Energy-Buran", and also participated in the international program "Marine start".
Today UVZ is diversified engineering association, which produces about 200 kinds of products. The company has developed and in the 1990s put into production the most modern samples of high-performance road-building and municipal machines. Being under conditions of a practical absence of financing (lack of state order) from the main customers and at the same time remaining the status of "State Enterprise" "URALVAGONZAVOD" has nevertheless sought funds. It has been proceeding to implement a general policy of further improvement of technical and specific characteristics of the main kinds of production almost at its own expense. In so doing, it has pursued a purpose to maintain and enhance competitiveness on the domestic market and especially on the foreign market thus making an essential contribution to the national economy.
For reshaping the structure of production, a program of conversion has been developed and approved at the enterprise. The first trend of conversion is development and production of road-building vehicles with the use of "double technologies". For this purpose the facilities have been reshaped, special equipment has been purchased and produced, assembly technological lines have been mounted.
In the context of conversion specialists of the State Unitary Enterprise "Production Association "URALVAGONZAVOD" designed and put into full production a family of road-building vehicles of various purposes. This family of road-building vehicles, produced by "URALVAGONZAVOD", completely satisfies the basic requirements of national economy of all regions of Russia. The second trend of conversion is creation of facilities for production of special-purpose cars and tanks for mainline railways. Railway car assembly production has put into production new models of cars for the national economy.
In accordance with the objectives of the priority national project "Agro-industrial complex", experts Uralvagonzavod has been developed and put into mass production of universal tractors RTM-160. Despite his young age, he already has a prestigious award shows, and most importantly - has proven itself in the fields of the country.
UVZ is Russia's largest developer and manufacturer of various types of freight cars, gondola cars, trucks, trucks, tank containers. They - his business card. Since 1979, the company switched to production of all-metal gondola. Since the assembly line went off about a million cars for different purposes.
URALVAGONZAVOD published its preliminary 2011 consolidated financial statement (apart from «CHTZ-URALTRACK» Ltd, JSC «Electric Machine Building Works LEPSE», OJSC «Specmash», OJSC «UralNITI», OJSC «Elektroavtomat»). The financials show that the year revenue in 2011 was up to $3 billion, profit on sales — $0.46 billion and net income — $0.33 billion.
Expressed in percentage terms the sales revenue has the following correlation: 68% — Division of Railway Vehicles, 30% — Division of Special Equipment, 2% — other. While the correlation of profit on sales is 85% — Division of Railway Vehicles, 15% — Division of Special Equipment. Return on sales amounts to 15.6% (19.2% — Division of Railway Vehicles, 8.4% — Division of Special Equipment). EBITDA equals 16 billion rubles, debt/EBITDA ratio — 2, loan interest/EBITDA ratio — 8.6%. In terms of financial and economic activity UVZ unified its budget and put into practice budget committees in 2011. Creditor position management is now centralized at the Corporation Management Center.
Oleg Sienko, UVZ Corporation CEO, emphasized at the 16 June 2015 enterprises executives meeting that despite complicated economic situation over 90% of the integrated structure enterprises had completed the year in the black, including for net profit. In general, the Corporation has been operating with net profit for five years in a row.
Sienko emphasized the large-scale work of the Corporation on Defense Procurement, its volume made up USD 1.55 bn. this year (2.7 times increase compared to 2013). In total, over 1,500 units of new and upgraded equipment were delivered to the forces. Besides, the CEO underlined that the Corporation executed export contracts for over USD 2.57 bn. in 2014.
Oleg Sienko set the objectives for the enterprises of the Corporation for 2015. In particular, he said: “Increase of export, including that of civil products, is becoming one of the priorities under current conditions”. The Head of the Corporation also emphasized that “crisis period means not only new challenges but new opportunities, as well”. He encouraged the executives of the enterprises to focus on absolute execution of the Defense Procurement, development of new promising products, cost reduction and expansion of the internal cooperation.
It was also said about increase of availability of railway vehicles, overall production whereof will make up 20,000 units next year with the preference given to manufacture of innovative railcars.
Yuriy Bodyaev, First Deputy CEO, in his report on the Corporation’s results in 2014 mentioned that the expected key financial and economic indicators of the Corporation will make up USD 3.86 bn. for revenue, USD 165 m. for sales profit, and USD 18.94 m. for net profit.
To carry out large-scale projects help unite a powerful intellectual and technological potential, Uralvagonzavod formed a strong scientific school represented by the Ural car-building design bureau, the Ural Transport Engineering Design Bureau, Ural Scientific-technological complex, the Center for Materials Research and Testing, and other experimental design offices nationwide level.
UVZ is a company with high quality production based on existing technology and intellectual traditions. Today Uralvagonzavod headed integrated structure, bringing together 40 industrial companies, research institutes and design offices in five federal districts of Russia and abroad.
Addres: Vostochnoye Chaussee 28 City: Nizhny Tagil Region: Sverdlovsk region Poste code: 622051 Country: Russian Federation Phone: (3435) 23-17-74 Fax: (3435) 23-34-92
|Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list|