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BMP-3 Fighting Vehicle

The BMP-3 [BMP = Boyevaya Mashina Pyekhota - Infantry Fighting Vehicle], which represents a totally different design concept from BMP-1/2, is a light tank that can hold a squad of infantry. It has a 100mm main gun that fires HE to demolish buildings, can fire long-range ATGMs through its barrel, and a 30mm autocannon and a medium machine gun as a single unit in the turret. The innovative BMP-3 armament suite has been subjected to criticism in the Russian military, which has focused on deficiencies in the barrel-fired ATGM.

The performance obtained from the 500 horsepower engine powering this 18 ton of vehicle compares favorably to the American Bradley, which has an engine of similar power for a 33 ton of vehicle. The BMP-3, first seen in public during a parade in Moscow in 1990, was built by Kurganmashzavod, developer and manufacturer of the BMP-2 infantry combat vehicle. The hull of the BMP-3 resembles the BMD Airborne Infantry Fighting Vehicle, with a new turret in the center of the vehicle. The troop compartment at the rear of the hull is accessed via a pair of doors in the hull rear. The BMP-3 is fully amphibious, propelled in water by two water-jets mounted at the rear of the hull.

A French SNPE ERA kit and others are available for use on the BMP-3. However, during dismounted troop movement ERA would be a hazard. Thus, passive armor is more likely and ERA application is doubtful. Other options are spall liners and air conditioning. Russian AG-17 30-mm automatic grenade launcher modification is available for use on BMP-3. Russian KBP offers a drop-in one-man turret called Kliver, with a stabilized 2A72 30-mm gun, a 4 Kornet ATGM launcher, thermal sights, and improved fire control system. The Namut thermal gunner's sight is available for use on BMP-3. This uses the French Athos thermal camera. Namut sight has 3x and 10x channels with a night acquisition range of 2,600 meters. Stowed rounds and ATGMs can be passed from the passenger compartment to the gunner for hand loading. This includes ATGMs. The "HEF" (or "HE-Shrapnel") round can be employed in indirect fire mode with air burst to 7,000 m.

Being inside of BMP-3 is dangerous, the layout of the crew compartment is poorly designed, and getting out of the vehicle is difficult. Designers cannot strengthen the level of protection of the crew and at the same time increase its firepower. As a result, Russian BMP-3 has perhaps the world's lowest level of security. This is totally unacceptable for the army consisting of contract professionals.

Its modernized version has better reviews. Based on this information, BMP-3M is a more highly maneuverable military vehicle that might well have been called BMP-4. It uses the sighting system "Spring" from the imager that greatly improves the efficiency of arms use and consists of 100-mm and 30-mm guns, and a new missile. Its mobility is enhanced by installation of a new turbo engine of 660 liters, a universal device driver TCE-1 and automatic gear shifting mechanism APP-688. UTD-32T engine significantly increases the rate of specific capacity of the vehicle and the average speed on dirt roads.

Level of protection of the crew and marines is also increased significantly due to installation of an optical-electronic suppression "Blind-1." It provides protection against anti-tank guided missiles with semi-automatic command-control system that uses laser target illumination as well as artillery that has a fire control system with a laser rangefinder.

Additional armor screens can be installed on BMP-3M to improve its ballistic protection against armor piercing bullets of 12.7 mm at a distance of 150m in attacks from all angles.

VARIANTS

  • BMP-3F: Amphibious Armored Combat Vehicle developed for Naval Infantry.
  • BMP-3 M1995: ATGM launcher vehicle, with Kornet (AT-14) launcher and autoloader, and thermal sights.
  • 9P157: ATGM launcher vehicle, with Krizantema (AT-15) ATGM autoloader, MMW and thermal fire control system.
  • BMP-3K: Command variant, with electronic round fuze system for 100-mm gun and a steel hull. Bow MGs are removed. Added radios are R-159, R-143 and R-174. The 1PN71 thermal sight (3.7x/11.5x) has an acquisition range against tanks of 3.0 km. The 1D14 laser rangefinder (73x and 18x sights) has a day light only acquisition range of 10.0 km. The 1PN61 passive image intensifier night sight uses a laser illuminator. In the passive mode, the Generation II (7x) sight has a night acquisition range of 1.2-1.5 km. Using the active laser pulse illuminator, the acquisition range can be extended. Tall Mike Radar has an operating band I (9.0 GHz), and detection ranges: 3.0 km against personnel, 12.0 against moving vehicles.
  • BREhM-L: Armored recovery vehicle (ARV).
  • BRM-3K: Combat recon vehicle with radar and 30-mm gun.
  • BMP-3: UAE upgrade improvements including Namut Thermal Night sight.

BRM-3K Derivatsiya-PVO

The Russian UralVagonZavod company has published a test firing video of a BMP-3 IFV equipped with an AU-220M Baikal turret that hosts a 57mm autocannon capable of engaging targets located at up to 14.5 kilometer distance. The remote-controlled turret is made by a company called Burevestnik which is a subsidiary of UralVagonZavod.

By 2018 the Russian army was experimenting with different calibers for the modules cannon. In the past, all armored IFVs and APCs were equipped with either 30mm or 100mm guns the former doesnt possess enough firepower to penetrate some modern armor, while the latter is generally too excessive and impairs the rate of fire and accuracy of the cannon.

The new version of the Russian BRM-3K combat reconnaissance vehicle is equipped with a new turret armed with a 57mm automatic cannon AU-220M. This new version is based on the chassis of BRM-3K Rys fitted with a new turret armed with a 57mm automatic cannon using gun mount module AU-220M Baikal. AU-220M Remote Controlled Weapon Station armed with BM-57 57mm automatic cannon, developed by CRI BUREVESTNIK and proposed by Uralvagonzavod.

It has the capacity to be used against ground and aerial targets as helicopter and drones. The 57mm gun with the AP round has a penetration capability of 130mm of Steel at a range of 1.000m. A 7,62mm coaxial machine gun is mounted to right side of the main armament. A bank of four smoke grenade dischargers is mounted on each side of the turret. The BRM-3K Rys (lynx) was developed in the early 1990s. It was intended to supplement and replace the BRM-1K reconnaissance vehicle.

It is based on the BMP-3 infantry fighting vehicle chassis. The hull and turret of the BRM-3K are of all-welded aluminium armour construction providing the crew with protection from small arms fire and shell splinters. The turret is in the centre of the vehicle with the commander seated on the right and the gunner on the left. The vehicle can carry a total of 12 military personnel including driver, gunner and commander. The troop compartment is at the rear of the hull with entry via two doors in the hull rear opening left and right, with the left door having a firing port.v The conventional BMP-3 main armament consists of a 100mm 2A70 cannon with a coaxial 30mm 2A72 autocannon. In this case, the original turret was removed and replaced by the AU-220M Baikal turret which hosts the 57mm autocannon chambered in 57x348mm SR and a PKTM machine gun chambered in 7.62x54mmR. The turret also contains 80 rounds of 57mm ammunition and 500 7.62x54mmR cartridges. With the AU-220M combat module the vehicle will be able to fire 80 rounds of artillery shells a minute, with a striking range of up to 12 km.

AU-220M is designed for installation on future armored combat vehicles and modernization of currently deployed vehicles in order to increase fire power of motorized rifled and infantry units. AU-220M main armament can also be used to accomplish air defense missions thus expanding combat flexibility of armored combat vehicles. It is designed as a remote-controlled unmanned artillery module.

The FCS controls the operations of target detection and identification, gun laying and firing of the 57mm automatic gun and 7.62mm machine-gun when firing from a halt, on the move and on the float in any combat enviroment. The FCS is equipped with a sight unit, comprising a combined sight with thermal-imaging and TV channels, a laser-finder and independent dual-axis field of view stabilization.

The vehicle will be able to fire 10 projectiles fitted with remote fuzes at a target and, on command, detonate all the charges simultaneously. It will also be able to fire guided munitions their flight trajectory to the target can be controlled. Whats more, the upgraded BMP-3 combat module will be automatic and unmanned. During combat the crew will be inside the most heavily armored part of the vehicle, firing at targets using onboard computers. The operators will select different types of ammunition via a control panel in response to whats happening on the battlefield.

The AU-220Ms 57 mm projectile is unlikely to cut through the front armor of an Abrams or a Leopard MBT, but even against the heaviest of armor, engineers bet on the hail of high-explosive projectiles knocking out optics, destroying aerials, smashing caterpillar tracks and jamming turrets. Potentially, every Soviet-era BMP-3 model could be upgraded, amounting to thousands of vehicles both in Russia and those used by militaries abroad. As a result, the new BMP-3 will be able to fire from stationary positions, on the move, and even while floating on water. Weather conditions and time of day will make absolutely no difference to the vehicle rain, snow, slush, or scorching heat are no problem.



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