UNITED24 - Make a charitable donation in support of Ukraine!

Military


BMP-1 Fighting Vehicle - Variants

The BMP infantry combat vehicle also has become the basis for a family of variants which perform other roles. are many dozens such variants, and it would be tedious to list them all. Each variant bears a designation corresponding to the year in which it was first observed. Many BMPs now mount either the improved, semiautomatic AT-3c/SAGGER or the new AT -4/SPIGOT or AT-5/SPANDREL ATGM.

  • BMP Model 1966 - The original version of the BMP (also called BMP-A) with a shorter bow than its successor, the BMP-1.
  • BMP-1 (BMP M1976) - The most common variant of the infantry combat vehicle is the BMP-1 which appeared in 1970. Its most noticeable modifications, the lengthening of the bow and the extension of the deflector shroud to the rear, were designed to improved the vehicle's swimming capability which was inhibited by the forward placement of the engine. Other changes include an enlarged and squared firing port for the PKM machine gun below the turret and repositioned vision blocks above the crew compartment.
  • BMP-1K [BMP Ml974] -- Command variant of the BMP-1, which differs from the BMP-1 mainly by having additional radio equipment and antennas and having the machine gun ports welded shut.
  • BMP-1P [BMP M1981] -- BMP-1 with the replacement of the AT-3 SAGGER launch rail by a pintel-mounted AT-4 SPIGOT ATGM launcher. This variant has a two-man turret mounting a 30-mm automatic cannon. An AT-4/SPIGOT or AT-5/SPANDREL tube-launched ATGM is mounted atop the turret (rather than above the gun tube as with the AT-3/SAGGER launch rail on the BMP-1). Compared to the BMP-1, there is one less firing port on each side of the rear fighting compartment, as well as an additional machine gun firing port on the left side of the hull, forward of the turret. The track covers of the BMP M1981 also have been modified.
  • BMP-1PK -- Command variant of the BMP-1P
  • BMP KShM [BMP 1978] -- mounts a large telescopic antenna and more radio equipment than the BMP M 1974. No armament is mounted in the turret. This variant is reported to be used by regimental and division staffs.
  • PRP-3 (BMP-SON - previously known as BMP M1975) has an enlarged two-man turret, which has been moved toward the rear. The turret armament consists of only a 7.62-mm machine gun (rather than the 73-mm gun and SAGGER rail of the BMP-1). A rectangular folding antenna for the SMALL FRED battlefield surveillance radar is mounted on the rear of the turret. The effective range of the radar is 20 km. The PRP-3 carries a five- man crew and extensive radio and optical equipment. One of these vehicles is assigned to a howitzer battalion (towed or self-propelled), and one is found in the target acquisition battery of an artillery regiment.
  • PRP-4 -- Successor to the PRP-3, with an additional fairing on the right side of the turret.
  • IRM - Amphibious Engineer Reconnaissance Vehicle
  • BWP: Polish version of BMP-1
  • M-80 - While sometimes reported as a Yugoslav copy of the Russian BMP-1 AFV, this is evidently not the case.
  • BVP-1: Czech production BMP-1 - The BVP-1 Infantry Fighting Vehicle (Bojové vozidlo pechoty) is a light combat tracked vehicle, highly mobile, and fitted with efficient weapons and armouring. It increases the firepower and manoeuvrability of mechanized units in the theatre of operations, including in cases of a WMD attack. The vehicle is equipped with a 73mm gun (model 71), a coaxial 7.62mm PKT tank machine gun, and a launching rail for anti-tank guided missiles. The BVP-1 with its armouring and pressurized and filtered hull provides a reliable protection of the crew against pressure wave and penetrating radiation in case of a nuclear attack, against chemical and bacteriological weapons, and against radioactive dust when the vehicle is operating in contaminated terrain.
  • BPzV; This Czech combat reconnaissance vehicle (APC) is an amphibious reconnaissance vehicle on BVP-1 chassis, intended for independent reconnaissance or combat activities, as a rule in enemy rear area. It is characterised by an increased firepower, more reliable protection, higher mobility and more purposeful equipment compared to the OT-65 armoured personnel carrier which was formerly used for similar purposes. The BPzV consists of an engine/gear compartment at the front, troop compartment at the middle, and operators´ compartment in the rear part of the vehicle. The equipment of the former two compartments is similar to that of the BVP-1; the only difference is an additional 902S eight-barrel smoke grenade launcher mounted in the rear part of the turret (from the outside). Like the BVP-1, the vehicle is equipped with a semi-automatic 73mm gun (model 71), a coaxial 7.62 PKT tank machine-gun, and an ATGM launching rail. Due to its original construction and equipment, the BPzV provides the crew with a reliable protection from pressure wave and penetrating radiation in case of a nuclear attack, from radioactive dust when the vehicle is operating in contaminated area, and from chemical and bacteriological weapons. Besides classical surveillance instruments and range finders to track stationary and moving targets, the vehicle is also equipped with a PSNR-5 radar.
  • In the 1970s, Soviet designers were given the task of equipping the "penny" with new, more powerful weapons. As a result of modernization work in 1979, the BMP-1P was delivered to the Soviet army. It was equipped with the most modern 9K111 Fagot missile system at that time and a grenade launcher with smoke ammunition.
  • Once the war in Afghanistan began, and another version of the "penny" BMP-1D was developed especially for our units. She had enhanced protection (saved from foreign-made RPGs, which were widely used by the Mujahideen), but did not have missiles and the ability to sail. Another drawback was revealed already during operation in the Afghan mountains and gorges: the angle of elevation of the guns of the armored vehicle did not allow effective work on the militants who had taken refuge on the heights.
  • The next round of modernization of the aging infantry fighting vehicle came in the 1990s. After the collapse of the USSR, in the face of a decrease in the country's defense capability, several military enterprises and organizations at once came up with their own options for updating the "penny". The projects were aimed at improving the performance characteristics (TTX) and provided for the replacement of BMP weapons. Designed in 1997, the BMP-1-30 "Razbezhka" instead of the classic turret with the "Thunder" gun received a new one from the airborne combat vehicle (BMD-2). It was also supposed to install a 30-mm 2A42 automatic cannon, a PKT machine gun (tank Kalashnikov machine gun), Fagot or Konkurs anti-tank missile systems on the infantry vehicle. It was planned to replace the UTD-20 engine with a more powerful UTD-230, which would increase the speed of the "penny" by 5–10 km. However, despite the abundance of innovative ideas, Razbezhka did not go into the Razbezhka series - the deep financial crisis in the country affected, moreover, the military, as experts say, was not eager to continue operating the first Soviet infantry fighting vehicle.
  • The next attempt to breathe new life into the BMP-1 at the very end of the 1990s was projects from the design bureaus of Tula and Murom. In the first case, it was proposed to install the Cleaver combat module with a laser guidance system and a thermal imager, a 30-mm cannon, a machine gun and four Kornet anti-tank missiles. In the second, the vehicle received a PKTM machine gun, an AGS-17 grenade launcher, or Konkurs rockets. But, as in the case of Razbezhka, there were no funds for large-scale modernization in the country.



NEWSLETTER
Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list



 
Page last modified: 11-03-2022 19:38:14 ZULU