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BMO-T (Object 564) Firebug

BMO-T (Object 564) is a Russian "flamethrower" heavy combat vehicle, designed for the transport of weapons and personnel compartment in contact with the enemy. The BMO-T was put into service in 2001. In the 2009 state defense order there was funding for the supply of at least two units of BMO-T. The cost of one unit of BMO-T in 2009 was 12,322,050 rubles. It is in service with the 1st Mobile Brigade NBC (n. Shikhany) and 6-th separate tank brigade (Noginsk).

The Firebug fighting vehicle Firebug was created on the basis of components and assemblies MBT T-72. "BMO-T weighs almost 44 tons. In addition to three dozen flame throwers "Bumblebee", its armed NSVT machine gun 12.7 mm. The crew - two men landing - 7 people. Engine output 840 hp Maximum travel speed - 60 km / h. Cruising range - up to 650 km ", - quotes the specifications.

The BMO-T is divided into two compartments: power pack and control department (which is aligned with the troop compartment). Over the crewe module there is a box-armored superstructure. Two crew members (a driver and commander) are in the compartment, and there are 7 places for assault troops. Since BMO-T is made on the basis of T-72, front armor protects the crew at the level of the main battle tank. The sidewalls have auxiliary equipment.

On the turret placed machine gun with a remote control. Inside the crew compartment is on the shelves at the ammunition stowed. To exit the landing on the roof hatches are off, as there is an additional hatch in the rear panel. The main armament used 12.7 mm anti-aircraft machine gun NSV . Ammunition is 1,000 rounds of ammunition.

In addition to machine guns in the vehicle, there are 30 units of 93-mm flame throwers RPO-A "Bumblebee". Rocket infantry flamethrower was created primarily to deal with the enemy's manpower located in shelters and fortified firing points. The need for the emergence of such weapons in direct support of the infantry was revealed during the war in Afghanistan, where Soviet troops had to wage a battle with the enemy, who used numerous rock caves, niches and crevices, mud and stone structures.

In 1984, work began on the creation of a fundamentally new type of Soviet Army infantry support weapons. It was called "jet infantry flame-thrower" (according to the similarity with the already existing armed with a flamethrower RPO), but was in fact a reactive grenade assault.

In 1988 it was given the name "reactive infantry flamethrower RPO-A" (the troops also used the name "Bumblebee", which appeared similar to the disposable RPG-18 Fly ). RPO-A first walked into service only flamethrower units (separate battalions) of chemical troops, then the airborne troops and special units, now they are armed and combined arms units.

Structurally, the RPO-A is a reactive grenade caliber 93 mm, placed in a fiberglass tube, single-use container. On the container used for the storage of ammunition (the warranty period - 10 years) and a trigger device, placed folding pistol grip with a trigger mechanism (cocked when tilting the handle in the firing position), front handle, serving to keep the weapon when fired, and the simplest single telescopic sight with reticle, marked up in the RPO-a earlier releases 400 m further - up to 600 m range of effective management of fire -. 400 m, but the maximum range grenades - 1000 m, and gunslinger-flamethrower to this range may be fire on area targets.

The main feature of the RPO-A is the use of thermobaric munitions. The head of the grenade is a shaped charge low power, which is undermined when hitting the target and provides penetrated the majority of field fortifications and walls of buildings. As the hole gets the main charge - air explosives. As a result, undermine the expelling (forming) charge around the place getting sprayed a cloud of liquid explosives, which quickly fills a significant amount, and then ignited by a detonator.

Due to the occurrence of a low pressure area and decompression-sion injury-air explosives ordnance sometimes incorrectly referred to as "vacuum." Fortifications and other purposes does not require complete penetration barriers or direct contact with the opening. A powerful shock wave in combination with high temperature on its front inflict heavy damage manpower, partly around corners of buildings, the terrain, and so on. Etc .; a sharp pressure drop behind its front leads to contusions, ruptures eardrums and cornea of the eye, pulmonary barotrauma.

There is a 12 x 81-mm grenade launchers system 902A from the complex electro-active protection from high-precision weapons for smoke-screens.

The power plant for the LMC T used multi-fuel engine B-84-1 and B-84M. The machine has several fuel tanks. The volume forward tanks is 347 liters, and aft is 961 liter. To remove dust the dust collector used a two-stage air cleaner with ejector removal. Power transmission manual with step-up gear , board gearboxes, and coaxial gears. Step-up gearbox has to drive the compressor, the starter and the cooling fan. Transmissions mechanical planetary type with the hydraulic switching clutch.

The BMO-T uses a caterpillar mover with the leading wheels at the rear. The track is metal with metal or rubber-metal hinges. Suspension applies individual torsion at 1, 2 and 5 road wheels are hydraulic vane dampers.

To protect the crew and troops from weapons of mass destruction in the LMC-T has a collective system of ventilation and protection, providing reliable protection against damaging factors of nuclear explosion , chemical weapons and biological weapons. In case of fire in the BMO-T has an automatic fire extinguishing system of triple action. Entrenching fighting vehicle flamethrower BMO-T has a built-in equipment for the entrenchment of bulldozer-type.

Russia used thermobaric weapons sparingly during the First Chechen Campaign. These were used outside the city of Grozny against villages and mountain positions. Only the RPO-A flame thrower, which has a thermobaric round, was used in fighting in Grozny itself. When the fighting rekindled in the fall of 1999, Russian forces bombed some villages in Dagestan with thermobaric bombs, but initially limited their use.

Built by the Omsk Transmash design bureau, Buratino is a 30-barrel 220mm multiple rocket launcher system mounted on a T-72 tank chassis. It is found in the chemical troops separate flame thrower battalions. It is an observed-fire system with a maximum effective range of 3.5 kilometers (other sources say it has a maximum range of five kilometers). The minimum range is 400 meters. The rocket mounts an incendiary or a thermobaric warhead. The zone of assured destruction from a Buratino salvo is 200 x 400 meters.11 The official designation of the Buratino is the TOS-1.

The thermobaric warhead is filled with a combustible liquid. The liquid is most likely filled with powdered tetranite. When the warhead explodes, the liquid is vaporized creating an aerosol cloud. When the cloud mixes with oxygen, it detonates, first creating a high temperature cloud of flame followed by a crushing overpressure. The Buratino fire control system consists of a sight, laser range finder, ballistic computer and roll sensors.

The Buratino was the main thermobaric delivery system that the Russians used against Grozny. It was first combat-tested in Afghanistans Panjshir valley in the early 1980s during the Soviet- Afghan War. Although it is a chemical troop system, the Buratino was often attached to artillery battalions as a pair or in fours to a brigade artillery group during the fight for Grozny. Apparently, the Buratino was not attached to motorized rifle battalions since the Buratino could effectively support the infantry from a safer distance from the fight. Still, the armored chassis would allow the Buratino to approach relatively close to the Chechen defenders if infantry soldiers provided a security screen. The Buratino proved a devastating system during the fight for Grozny.

It was demonstrated at the International Exhibition of High-Technology Equipment and Armament "VTTV-Omsk-2011". It participated in the Victory Parade on May 9, 2015 Yekaterinburg.



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