Georgy Mikhailovich Beriev
Georgy Mikhailovich Beriev was born January 31, 1903 in Tiflis (Tbilisi), the son of a humble worker, a native of the village Sabue in Telavi district, Mikhail Solomonovicha Beriev. Often speaking against George Mikhailovich, some mentioned Georgian surname of his father - Beriashvili, but this is not quite true. In this regard, it is worth noting that the father of GM Beriev Aircraft Company changed its name to the Russian style. George was the third of four children, but there were some, even before his marriage, and the birth of George became the fifth child in the family.
In spring 1917 George graduated from Tiflis higher primary school.
For the first time the boy saw a plane in his early teens, when in Tiflis came the aviator Utochkin, demonstrating flights over the Kura in the fall 1910. It was the French "Farman" which conducted demonstration flights of the famous Russian aviator SI Utochkin. The flights were organized from the field is located in the suburbs of Tbilisi - Didube, as widely known, the public local newspapers and posters pasted in the most crowded places in the city.
The view of this unprecedented and semi-fantastic spectacle gathered a huge number of people and it is not surprising that the family Beriev, in full, went to look. Even in his declining years Georgy well remembered about that day: "When Utochkin rose into the air, all agog to flight training, we certainly have not seen, but the airplane in the air still remember flew Utochkin short-lived and not very high.. and not over the crowd and toward Digomi. the event was an extraordinary and memorable in my life. I still remember that hot day and yellowed grass. Obviously, this is the first impression of a person flying in an airplane for a long time engraved in my child's mind, and had already given birth to me the dream of flying in the air."
His career as a future aircraft started at sixteen, an apprentice at a small foundry plant Hilbert in Tiflis. In the autumn of 1919, he entered the Tiflis railway technical school. The abrupt changes taking place in the country powerfully captured him in the whirlpool. In August 1921, he voluntarily entered into the Red Army, but did not leave the school, he continued his studies at night school.
In 1923, upon its completion, G.M.Beriev attempted to enroll in flight school Egorievskay. However, this attempt was not to translated into reality, and the dream failed. As an applicant to the Komsomol school he was more successful. Failure did not discourage George, and since higher education has always been his cherished dream, he entered in 1924 the Tiflis Polytechnic Institute. But the dream of the sky and the air will not leave Beriev, and in 1925 he transferred to the aviation department of the Leningrad Polytechnic Institute M.I.Kalinin, where he successfully graduated in 1930.
After graduating from Polytechnic Institute (Leningrad) in 1930 he began working in EDB designer MOS VAO, headed by French designer Paul Richard Ene. Then he moved into the KB CDB TsAGI. Here, in the department of marine brigade CDB I.V.Chetverikova, Beriev in 1930, the project near the sea scout MBR-2 was proposed. After successfully testing the prototype in May 1932 it adopted a decision to launch it into mass production.
In 1933, in the CDB-39 Beriev led brigade #5. October 1, 1934 according to the order for SUAE USSR #44 / 260 from August 6, 1934 in Taganrog to create CDB maritime aircraft. Georgy Beriev was appointed its chief designer.
In the development of the CDF-1 Beriev I used what he saw during a trip abroad, and used on the battleship "Paris Commune", equipped with a German biplane. In 1938, on the instructions of the command of the Navy, the Beriev Design Bureau created a Marine intelligence MBR-7 - a single-engine flying boat with a free wing.
Flying Boat KOR-2 (BE-4) was produced a small series of the Great Patriotic War in the Siberia. The CB was evacuated to Omsk, then to Krasnoyarsk. In the Krasnoyarsk aviation plant in spring 1945 the first aircraft LL-143 was built. In the summer of 1945, a group of officers colonel Beriev flew from Moscow to Berlin, then went to Stettin, where they found a tour hydroaviation base on the island of Rügen quite suitable for testing aircraft.
In 1946 Georgy was appointed director and chief designer of the aircraft experiemental marine plant. In 1949 Beriev managed to create a flying boat Be-6, and in 1948 a multi-purpose amphibious Be-8. The Be-8 were tested as landing gear hydrofoils. Following the experimental flying boat P-1 (1949) with two turbojet engines, there came the reconnaissance torpedo-M-10 (Be-10) with swept wings. It was built in series (24 aircraft) from 1956 to 1961.
In 1961 the Be-10 set a record for seaplane speed - 912 km / h, and established world altitude records. The serial antisubmarine amphibian Be-12 (M-12), "The Seagull" with the more economical turboprop, also set altitude records.
Since the beginning of "raketizatsii whole country" in the early 1960's the was clasified work on supersonic seaplanes, as well as a giant flying boat strategic LL-600 (with a takeoff weight of up to 1000 tonnes). In these circumstances, the OKB-49 created a cruise missile P-10, and is working on a draft of the KR P-100 in medium and intercontinental-range versions.
It began to develop aircraft to replace the An-2 on the local airlines. In 1968 made its first flight the passenger 14-seat aircraft Be-30. Like its development - Be-32, it was also a transport and medical options.
The Beriev Design Bureau participated in the creation of a specialized agricultural An-2M, together with Antonov Design Bureau is developing a project of passenger aircraft for local airlines AN-Be-20 (which later became the airplane Yak-40) and creates a plane An aerial 24FK-launched in a series of under the name of AN-30.
Georgy Mikhailovich headed the Beriev Design Bureau from 1934 to 1968. He was a member of the Scientific and Technical Council of the Ministry of Aviation Industry of the USSR. This "Aviakonstruktora" awarded two Orders of Lenin, two Orders of Red Banner of Labor and medals.
G.M.Beriev died in Moscow on July 14, 1979. His KB continued development of aircraft as the Taganrog Aviation Scientific-Technical Complex. One of the last - hydroplane Be-200, equipped for fire fighting.
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