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Armored Cars - Brone Avtomobil

An armored car is a vehicle that is equipped with materials on the front, sides, or rear for the protection of persons therein. The fundamental distinction between early armored cars and later armored fighting vehicles is that in the early armored cars, the armor shell was mounted on the vehicular chassis, whereas with later armored vehicles, the chassis is mounted on the armor shell.

An armored car is bullet resistant but not bullet proof. In modern civilian life, an "armored car" is an armored van or truck which are used to transport valuables such as huge quantity of money. Or the term may apply to a passenger sedan used by diplomats, heads of state, and other high-profile individuals who may be at risk of attack.

The sphere of usefulness of armored cars is more dependent upon the weather and the topography of the theater of war than any other arm of the army. Wet weather in a country with no metalled roads brings operations to a standstill immediately. Where roads are good and numerous, armored cars are able to travel longer distances in a shorter time than either cavalry or cyclists, and often obtain information which even aeroplanes are unable to secure. Their mobility, too, enables a commander to transfer them rapidly from one flank to another, and thus to turn to account opportunities which otherwise he would be unable to seize.

Armored cars act by fire, and can develop more in proportion to the number of men employed than any other troops. Their normal duties are similar to those of the cavalry, with assistance of other arms, or more armored cars, are required to protect bridges, defiles, etc., as armored cars are extremely vulnerable in enclosed country. If handled with skill and kept in motion, they have little to fear from artillery fire, and it should always be remembered that the nearer they approach the enemy the safer they will befrorn shells. factor in their employment, and, as they have a speed up to 40 miles an hour, concealment until their opportunity arrives is not a difficult matter. The moral effect of armored cars against troops, especially uncivilized troops, is very high.

Armored cars are an exception to the rule that once battle is joined, the liberty of maneuver, which the initiative has conferred on the assailant, is limited to what he can do with his general reserve. If the ground is suitable a feint attack can be made on one of the enemy's flanks, and half an hour later the same armored cars can assist in the real attack 10 miles away. When the ground in No Man's Land is passable, armored to the infantry by pushing forward close to the enemy trenches, where they should be able to develop a superiority of fire, while the infantry advance to the decisive attack. Except against exceptionally well-trained troops the appearance of armored cars close to the enemy front line has always had the effect of drawing a very heavy rifle and machine-gun fire upon the cars, affording material assistance to their own attacking infantry.

Russian commanders had always this idea in view when employing armored cars in an attack, but the cars were successful on only two occasions. The failures always occurred because attacks intended to be simultaneous were not so in reality.

The mobility of armored cars made them specially suitable for pursuit, or where ground permits of wide enveloping movement. In places where the ground is suitable armored cars are best employed on the flank or flanks to pin the enemy to his ground, to complete the enveloping movement, or take up the pursuit should the enemy withdraw previously. Barbed wire trenches and shell holes generally made it impossible for armored cars to keep up with an advance, and the roads on these occasions were usually required for the transport of other arms and material more urgently needed.

It is in rear-guard actions that armored cars are superior to any other arm. Operating on roads which should be well known to them, the cars compel the enemy continually to deploy and give their own tired infantry the necessary time to take up fresh positions. Armored cars, if handled with skill and kept continually in motion, had practically nothing to fear from artillery fire.

Used for reconnaissance, armored cars can render much valuable assistance. When the opposing forces have reached striking distance their invulnerability to rifle fire will often enable them to locate the enemy’s position with greater accuracy than cavalry or infantry scouts. In the long-distance reconnaissance, armored cars can, of course, cover far longer distances than cavalry, and the latter can be saved for work which the cars are unable to perform.

It was certain that the armies of the future will all retain armored cars as a part of their fighting troops. Even in peace time they were always be useful for protection of the frontiers, and in assisting the civil powers in dispersing riots and maintaining order in towns.




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Page last modified: 10-04-2019 10:16:30 ZULU