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Project 26 Kirov Class HEAVY CRUISERS

GENERAL

There is an after submarine lookout position built around the main mast.
There is no actual lookout position for aircraft, but plenty of lookouts are spread around with glasses; they have no arcs from which to read off bearings and angles of sight, however. The catapult is underway between the break in the forecastle and the after deckhouse and stack.
There are no hangars for the aircraft. All three planes are very susceptible to damage from bomb fragments. One is placed on the catapult and one on each side of the forward funnel on platforms just before the catapult.
While in port, aircraft is usually not kept on board. There are no wooden decks on these units, but there is a great deal of nonrfire-propfed wood below decks and in tlie cabins. These'units are all riveted with the exception of very few plates on the deckhouse and on.the forecastle which are butt welded. Little light,metal is used in their construction with the exception of cabin doors and on some interior ladders.
They have a very roomy conning tower, with a number of 8 inch by 2 inch eye slits around the walls; the inside diameter of the conning tower is about 14- feet.
The officers' country is amidships, from just abaft number 2 barbette to the break in the forecastle. The wardroom is first, extending across the ship and about 40 feet long. The frames for inside panelling are about 1 1/2 feet inboard from the skin of the ship. Officers' staterooms are outboard on both sides from the wardroom aft to the break in the forecastle; they are small, some single and some double. The captain's suite is on the boat deck, in a slight abaft position of the conning tower and surrounds the forward half of number one stack.
The space between the inner and outer shell of the stacks is about 10 inches, The metal of the; outer shell is exceptionally thin sheet. These cruisers are lightly built, but well laid out.

DISTINGUISHING FEATURES

2 widely separated broad raking stacks with sloping stack caps. The tower is set at the forward end of the bridge. The upright light tripod masts flank theCstacks; the main mast is heavier. The hull breaks abaft the first stack; it -has''%_ transom stern, and a
relatively long quarterdeck.
The main battery guns are mounted close together.
A French-type multiple rangefinder masthead director is mounted on the Italian design tower.
Anti-aircraft rangefinders resemble the Kupola type rangefinder seen in large German warsnips with the exception that they have flat roofs.
The hull plating appears to follow French practices. The KIROV class heavy cruiser shows a resemblance to:
Improved Gordi (Soviet destroyer)
Emile Bertin (French light cruiser)
Le Fantasque class (French destroyer)
Narvik class (German deatroyer)

GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

Dates laid down: 1935-1938.
Dates completed; 1937-1942.
Standard displacement: 8,000 tons.
Length: W.L. 613'6".
Beam: 57'11" .
Normal draft: 17'11"
Engines: Geared turbines.
Horsepower: 120,000.
Number of propellers: 2, three bladed.
Number of boilers: 6.
Number of fire rooms: " 2.
Maximum speed: 34 knots (designed).
Number of aircraft normally carried: 3.
Launching device: 1 catapult.
Fire control: director control.
Number of searchlights: 5, 36w in diameter. 3 forward 2 aft.

ARMOR

Turret: face about 2 3/4-"; top and sides about 1-3/4". Conning tower: 5 l/2"j four pieces of armor, formed by keys with entrance door aft.
Side: about 2 3/4n; belt about 10 feet wide, from forward side of number 1 turret to afterside of number 3 turret, riveted over shipfs skin.
Main deck: about 1/2" over engine room and boiler room areasj apparently ordinary plate,

ARMAMENT

9 7.1" 50 caliber in triple turrets, maximum range 40,000 yards. Weight of shell, 198 lbs. 6 4W anti-aircraft guns. 4 1.46n anti-aircraft guns. 9 Bofors type automatic guns. 2 Semi-automatic guns.
2 depth charge racks, one on each side of the fantail, hold an estimated total of 20 charges. They are simply inclined slots in the deck, several inches deep at the forward and about 2 feet deep at the after or dropping end, where they are rounded off. The fantail is cut square across and has a slight overhang.
The main batteries are in three triple turrets, two forward and one aft. Each turret is set in a single slide, making individual elevation of guns impossible, but plugging opening in front of turret (face plate), regardless of the angle of elevation. There is only one port opening for all three guns. The muzzles of the guns have a one inch collar screwed on the projecting end of the liner, the collar bearing against the end face of the outside tube. This is apparently to prevent the liner from backing up in the tube and to prevent closure of the plug. The entrance to the main turrets is in the back side. There are no bulkheads between the guns; the turret interior is bright and rough and uncluttered. At zero angle of elevation, gun breeches are about on a level with the deck in the after end of the turret. There is a power loading with loading gear following the guns to permit loading at any angle of elevation.
These units are fitted for minelaying; they normally carry 100 mines.
There are two depth charge rails.
The 6 4" anti-aircraft guns .are in single mountings, 3 to a side. As there is no place under cover'connected to the mine tracks, mine storage must be entirely on the tracks on deck.
There are 3 stereoscopic rangefinders in the Spotting Top, as well
as one to each High Altitude Director; each is 6 meters long.
There is a rangefinder 1 l/2 meters long to each group of 3 Bofors
guns.
6 21" torpedo tubes in triple mounts, placed between the stacks.



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Page last modified: 17-01-2017 19:41:47 ZULU