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pr.20180 "Asterisk" Rescue tug
pr.20181 / 20180TV "Academician Kovalev" maritime weapons transport
pr.20183 "Academician Alexander" search-and-rescue / sea support vessel
pr.20183TV "Academician Makeyev" maritime weapons transport

The project is designed CMDB "Almaz" (St. Petersburg), chief designer - A.A.Forst (including pr.20180TV). Anticipated construction of a series of 5-6 ships. Head ship "Star" with factory #01218 laid on the center of shipbuilding / ship-repair factory "Star" 03 September 2004 launched on 20.12.2007 controlling access to the sea for the completion of state tests took place after June 15, 2010 the ship received into service of the Northern Fleet of the Russian Navy, the Port of Registry 24.07.2010 - Severodvinsk. The ship is involved in the testing of new technology systems in conjunction with the submarine B-90 "Sarov" pr.20120. The contract for the construction of the ship project 20180TV signed by the Ministry of Defense of Russia September 15, 2011 Maritime transport of arms pr.20180TV "Academician Kovalev," founded on the CA "Star" 20.12.2011 After 2014 the construction of the third ship of the project is planned.

The project of the rescue tugboat project 20180 was developed by the central marine design bureau "Almaz" from the city of St. Petersburg. On the basis of this project, the naval arms transport was also created, designated Project 20180TV (20181), and the Search and Rescue Offshore Support Vessel - Project 20183. The main designers of all three of these projects are A. A. Forst. The main tasks of such ships are search and rescue operations, lifting of large-sized objects, inspection and recovery of sunken marine equipment, sea transportation, reloading, testing of various naval equipment, weapons and weapons, and ensuring the process of combat training of the fleet forces.

The contract for the construction of the next vessel under the general project 20180 was concluded in 2014. It is reported that the laying of the fourth vessel in the series destined for the Russian Navy would take place at the Zvezdochka enterprise in 2015. By erarly 2015 the technical documentation was being prepared and the project is approved. The media reported on the work on the redesign of the ship in order to replace the imported equipment and generators. It is planned that until 2024 the Russian fleet will receive 5 new ships, created on the basis of the project 20180, for various purposes from the armament transport, to the scientific research vessel for work in the Arctic zone.

The rescue vessel "Zvezdochka" (project 20180) had already been handed over to the fleet, and the second ship, the sea transport of armaments "Akademik Kovalev", passes a set of mooring tests and will be included in the fleet in 2015. The first ship, built under the project 20180, was transferred to the fleet in 2010. Currently, a rescue tugboat is serving as part of the White Sea naval base as part of the Northern Fleet of Russia. The second ship, the naval armament transport "Akademik Kovalev" (project 20180TV), will serve in the Pacific Fleet.

On Saturday, July 26, 2014, the Zvezdochka Ship Repair Center (Arkhangelsk Region, Severodvinsk) for the first time withdrew the marine transport of 20180TV "Akademik Kovalev" weapons from the shed, in order to launch the ship onto the water, the official site of the enterprise reported. The state contract for the construction and supply of the latest naval armament transport for the needs of the Ministry of Defense of Russia was concluded in September 2011. The developer of the project of this ship was OAO "TsMKB" Almaz ". The ship of the reinforced ice class is intended for sea transportation, loading and unloading of various types of weapons. The ship's laying took place in December 2011, at present the ship is close to the signing of the acceptance certificate by the fleet.

Exactly one year later on December 20, 2012, in the main stall shop of the Zvezdochka Ship Repair Center, a solemn ceremony of laying down another vessel was held within the framework of this project - a rescue tugboat of the 20183 project, which was also developed by the specialists of Almaz JSC from St. Petersburg Petersburg. The state contract for the production and supply of the newest rescue vessel for the needs of the Ministry of Defense of Russia was signed on August 1, 2012. The multipurpose ship of the reinforced ice class is designed for search and rescue operations, sea transportation of large and heavy containers and samples of marine equipment, testing and research equipment, special and military equipment. It is possible to use this ship in the interests of exploring the Russian shelf, as well as transportation of pipeline sections. The ship should enter the Russian fleet at the end of 2016, the launch of the ship will take place in 2015.

Both ships - the vessels of the project 20180TV and 20183 - became registered. The first of them was named "Academician Kovalev". This was how the memory of the outstanding domestic designer of nuclear strategic submarines SN Kovalyov was immortalized. The second was named "Academician Aleksandrov". This was how the memory of one of the founding fathers of the modern Russian nuclear submarine fleet, AP Aleksandrov, was immortalized. The initiative to assign these names to ships belonged to the labor collectives of the Central Design Bureau "Almaz", CDB MT "Rubin" and the Ship Repair Center "Zvezdochka".

The ships of the projects 20180, 20180TV and 20183 have special hull contours and a reinforced construction with ice protection that allows them to work in the northern seas. Due to these features, the ships of this project are less demanding in terms of working conditions compared to ships belonging to previous projects. Compared with analogues of previous generations, new vessels have increased seaworthiness, increased carrying capacity and seaworthiness, and a large volume of internal premises. They are also able to ensure the safe transport of special types of naval weapons in conditions of maximum safety for people and the environment.

The ships of this project are equipped with two diesel-electric power units "Shorh" KL6538B-AS06 at 3625 hp. each, as well as four diesel generators of 1680 kW and two generators of 1080 kW. The propellers of the vessel are two fixed-pitch propellers on the VRK and two bow thrusters. The maximum speed is 14 knots, the economic mode of travel is 9 knots. All the ships are equipped with a platform from which the Ka-27 helicopter can take off and take off.

It is a basic project designed to carry out search and rescue operations. It has a displacement of 5,500 tons and a classic hull configuration. The total length of the ship is 96 meters, the maximum width is 17.9 meters. The hull of the ship has a distinctive tank and a superstructure above it, on which the helipad is located. The greatest draft of the ship is 9.3 meters. The crew includes up to 70 people. The vessel is equipped with equipment designed to tow other ships, as well as three cargo cranes, two of which are located at the stern of the vessel and have a lifting capacity of 80 tons each, the height of their boom lift is 4.5 to 19 meters. With their help, it is possible to carry out loading and unloading operations or to launch and launch water rescue vehicles.

On the basis of the base ship of the project 20180, the naval arms transportation was created, which received the code 20180TV (20181). Ships of this type also have a classic layout. The length of the ship at the same time was increased to 107.6 meters while maintaining the same maximum width of the ship - 17.9 meters. The displacement of the ship due to the lengthening of the hull has grown to 6300 tons. The ship has one crane with a carrying capacity of 120 tons, towing equipment on the ship is missing. Before the superstructure there is a small tank, the crew - 60 people. According to some reports, the ship can be used to provide the latest Russian strategic nuclear submarine cruisers of the Borey project with intercontinental ballistic missiles Bulava.

The rescue tug of the project 20183 resembles the size of the main vessel of the project 20180. The main visual difference of this project is a tank, which is made in closed form without a separate deck, where the tank lining reaches the superstructure of the ship and connects to its bottom wall. The vessel's displacement is 5400 tons, there are two cranes of different carrying capacity on board. The crew of the ship consists of about 65 people. Due to the use of a universal set of equipment, vessels have very wide opportunities to solve a variety of auxiliary tasks and can both transport various cargoes in the internal volumes of their hulls and carry out loading and unloading operations on their own.

The multipurpose ice-class vessel is designed for search and rescue, for escort of heavy, bulky structures, containers, special military and testing equipment. The vessel can be utilized in survey of shelf, for pipeline transportation, etc. Main characteristics: displacement - 5400 tons, max. speed - 14 knots, the crew 70. The vessel is equipped with a helipad.

The ship is equipped with cargo cranes that can carry launching and recovery of rescue aids such as "Bester", as well as others designed for loading and unloading. The ship is equipped with a helicopter landing pad. Ships can take helicopters Ka-27 / Ka-29. The ship is equipped with a remote-controlled underwater vehicles Quantum and Tiger (ist. - Shcherbinina AN) for monitoring underwater objects. The ship is equipped with a helipad.

The lead ship of the project laid down at the CA "Star" 20.12.2011 Distinguished increase the size, more powerful powerplant and hardware change. State contract for the construction of the ship signed August 1, 2012 Multi-purpose vessel ice-class is intended for search and rescue operations, marine transportation of heavy and bulky samples and container marine engineering, research and testing equipment, military and special equipment.

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Page last modified: 13-09-2021 17:22:08 ZULU