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Project 20180 ship for illumination of underwater conditions (OPO)

The creation of a system for illuminating the situation in the Arctic is of extreme importance for the country, which is recorded in documents at the highest state level. Considering that the territory of the Russian Federation is especially vulnerable from the ice of the Arctic using nuclear and high-precision missile weapons, the underwater lighting system (FOSS) should play a large role in the lighting system in the Arctic Academician Peshekhonov et al write "Stationary sonar complexes of the North type deployed in the Arctic control only a negligible part of the water area of ??the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation. Moreover, due to the openness of their installation, they are subject to effective counteraction, up to their failure."

A network-centric approachto the construction of FOSS would consist in combining into a regional integrated network system of underwater surveillance with vertical and, in principle, horizontal connections of information sources, decision centers and executive bodies. The underwater lighting vehicle will ensure efficient operational lighting of the underwater, surface and air conditions in areas up to 20,000 km2 and more; ensure the phased creation of network-centric FOSS and work out the elements of network-centric FOSS.

In the article "Network-centric approach to solving the problem of illuminating underwater conditions in the Arctic", ships are given the place of one of the stages of creating a complete underwater surveillance system. The authors propose to create a ship for illumination of underwater conditions (OPO) on the basis of the project 20180 developed at TsMKB Almaz. The wide modernization capabilities of this project are confirmed plans of the Severodvinsk enterprise Zvezdochka for the construction of a series of similar ships for various purposes, for which the shipyards production facilities are already being prepared.

However, Rear Admiral Sergey Zhandarov, director of defense at Atoll Research Institute, disagrees with the authors on the inefficiency of the North. The serial stationary passive sonar complex MGK-608E, according to some sources, has a second name - North. Why are they writing this, and what's more, at meetings and conferences they deliberately distort the operational capabilities of a system like the North? - asks the interlocutor of Military.RF. And he himself replies: "Because, having spent a lot of money on the backlogs on the creation of the Integrated Network-Centric Underwater Surveillance System (ISSPN), without covering a single square kilometer under water, they want more money for experimental design work, the result of which only 50% success. Moreover, the method of lighting the environment proposed by these authors is not technologically feasible."

Indeed, now work is underway to improve existing submarine stations, experimental design work is being carried out as part of new developments. In this context, another serious problem has become urgent - the lack of suitable cable vessels, killer systems for laying any systems. For example, the Pacific Fleet remains only one such ship is the old Biryusa, said the source of Military.RF.

On January 6, 2015, a solemn ceremony of laying the hulls of two cable vessels of Project 15310 took place ; these vessels are designed for laying, lifting and repairing underwater fiber-optic cable communication lines. Lays the courts order of Commander of the Navy of the Russian Federation, given the name "Volga" and "Vyatka".




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Page last modified: 13-09-2021 17:22:08 ZULU