14th Air Force and Air Defense Army
The 14th Air Force and Air Defense Army has been formed in Russia's Central Military District, the aid to the district’s commander, Colonel Yaroslav Roshchupkin, told TASS 04 August 2014. "It includes units of the 2nd Air Force and Air Defense Command stationed in the Volga River area, the Urals and Siberia. The purpose of this reformatting is to enhance the effectiveness of control of troops, better the organization of the daily routine and planning of combat operations," he said.
The 14th army’s area of responsibility covered 29 Russian regions and 3,000 kilometers of the state border. The army is armed with MiG-31BM interceptors, Suhkhoi Su-24M frontline bombers, Mil Mi-8AMTSH, Mi-24 and Mi-26 helicopters, S-300PS air defense missile systems and other hardware.
"The pilots perform training and combat missions over Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Kazakhstan and provide search and rescue support for the launches and landings of manned spacecraft," he said.
2nd Command of Air Force and Air Defence
2nd Command of Air Force and Air Defence [unit # 71592, ex 14 AF Army (Siberian). 2007: flight/hours increased +22% to 2006. 01.2008 inspected by AF staff. 2008: paratroopers landings +33%, ac firings x1,5 comparing to 2007. 2009: increased delivery of fuel, planned to increase flight hours. 2010: transferred from Novosibirsk.
The combat path of the 14th Army Air Force and Air Defense began on July 1, 1952, when the directive of the commander of the Air Defense Forces was organized by the Novosibirsk Air Defense District of the 3rd category. In the future, the association was subsequently transformed into a division, a corps, a separate army of air defense, the 14th Air Force and Air Defense Army, the 2nd Air Force and Air Defense Command, and in 2015 the name of the 14th Air Force and Air Defense Army was returned. In different years 257 Heroes of the Soviet Union fought in the formations and military units of the association, of which 17 people twice.
The newest history of the association dates back to August 1, 2009, when, during the transition to the new organizational and staff structure of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, the management of the 14th Air Force and Air Defense Army was reorganized into the management of the 2nd Air Force and Air Defense Command. Since September 25, 2010, the management of the association has started fulfilling the tasks for its intended purpose.
In accordance with the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation and the orders of the Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation, during the transition to a new administrative-territorial division of the military districts, the Union included the combination of the East and Volga Region Air Defense Forces and the Air Force units deployed within the territory of the Central Military District.
In 2011, the association received the priority of the aviation units through the admission of eight separate helicopter squadrons from the missile formations of the Strategic Missile Forces. The units and units of the 2nd Air Force and Air Defense Command are deployed on the territory of 29 constituent entities of the Russian Federation located in the Volga, Ural and Siberian Federal Districts, as well as in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
Annually, the duty of the radio technical forces, anti-aircraft missile forces and fighter aircraft in the interests of combat readiness is posting more than 20 thousand aircraft, following the schedule and applications, including about 3 thousand in the border zone.
The monitoring of numerous facts of flights of aircraft of foreign states along the borders of the Russian Federation outside its territory is being carried out, dozens of violations of the order of using airspace have been revealed. Thus, in April 1960, on the basis of the 185th Guards Anti-aircraft Missile Regiment, the 57th anti-aircraft anti-aircraft missile brigade was formed, the personnel of which was destroyed on May 1, 1960 by the US reconnaissance aircraft Lockheed-11-2 in the Urals sky.
Thousands of soldiers of the Air Force and Air Defense Association took part in hostilities and provided military assistance to the peoples of Korea, Cuba, Egypt, Vietnam, Syria, Madagascar, Libya, Ethiopia, Afghanistan and many other countries.
Major courage and heroism in the performance of the international duty in Afghanistan, the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, was awarded to Major-General Aviation N.A. Vlasov (posthumously), Colonel A.S. Golovanov (posthumously), Captain N.S. Maidanov. Subsequently, Colonel N.S. Maidanov participated in the counter-terrorist operation in the North Caucasus and was re-awarded the title of Hero of the Russian Federation (posthumously).
The commander of the 23rd Air Army, Lieutenant-General Valery Mikhailovich Gorbenko, twice fulfilled international duty in Afghanistan. For the skillful actions, courage and courage of 60 aviators of his regiment were awarded high state awards, and Valery Mikhailovich - the Order of the Red Star. In the future, for the fulfillment of combat missions during the counter-terrorist operation in the North Caucasus, Lieutenant-General V.M. Gorbenko was awarded the high title of Hero of the Russian Federation.
From June 2008 to August 2010, the association was commanded by Hero of the Russian Federation, Major-General VN. Bondarev, awarded a high title for heroism, manifested in the performance of combat missions during the counter-terrorist operation in the North Caucasus.
Major contribution to the construction and improvement of the structure of the association was made by the commanders of Major-General S.M. Maslov, Colonel-General of Artillery DG Saprykin, Colonel-General of Aviation V.N. Abramov, Colonel-General Yu.M. Boshnyak, E.L. Timokhin, Lieutenant-General V.A. Artemyev, V.N. Mayorov, O.V. Anisimov, V.D. Nechaev, Colonel-General A.N. Zelin.
In 2015, the name was returned to the 14th Army Air Force and Air Defense.
2nd Air Army
May 12, 1942 formed according to the Decree of the USSR from the NCB May 5, 1942 Air Force control at the base of the Bryansk front-2 formation. It included 205-207 I-I, I-208 fighter night bombardment, 223-225, I-bližnebombardirovocnaâ and I-227 I assault aviation Division and two independent air regiments. In June and July during the battle of Voronezh-Voroshilovgrad strategic defensive operation was protected by army forces and troops maintained a 13-th and 40th armies. on July 9 it was incorporated into the Voronezh front.
In November and December, as the operational command of the southwestern front 2-formation (16noâbrâ), supported the troops of its right wing during the counteroffensive at Stalingrad. In collaboration with 8, 16, and 17th air armies waged battles for supremacy in the air, carried out with air support of ground forces surrounded by 330-thousandth enemy factions. on December 21, the army returned to Voronezh (1 October 20, 1943-Ukrainian) front. In January-February 1943 he participated in the battle of Voronezh-Kastornenskoj offensive operation. By the summer of 1943, the Army Air Corps was composed of three and two airborne divisions. During the battle of Kursk is securely covered front troops from enemy air strikes, bombing and assault cause strokes, led the struggle for supremacy in the air. In August, during operation Polkovodets Rumyantsev-Kharkov strategic offensive operation, the army successfully solved problems breaking through the enemy's defence facilitation, provision of input to the breakthrough 1-th and 5-th guards tank armies, and the development of their success. During the subsequent offensive supported by Kiev towards the front troops in the battle of the Dnieper.
For active participation in the liberation of Kiev 6 air divisions, regiments and 5 aircraft Squadron received the honorary title of Kiev. 2 big contribution to twentieth air force in the defeat of Nazi troops on the right Bank Ukraine. Despite difficult weather conditions, enemy pilots caused significant damage.
In the winter and spring of 1944, the Army participated in the Zhitomir–Berdichev offensive Berdychiv, Korsun-Shevchenko, Rivne-Lutsk proskurov-Chernivtsi, in the summer — in the Lvov-Sandomierz strategic offensive operations. During this period, 2 air force consisted of nine aviakorpusov, three separate air divisions and four aviation regiments. It also included a 1-second Czechoslovak Regiment then deployed in the Division. 16 July in the operational commander of the 2-nd subordination of the air army entered 8 air force. In January-March 1945 he participated in the Sandomirsko-Silesian offensive and the Korsun–shevchenkovsky offensive operations. From mid-April to the Berlin strategic operation. Participation in the liberation of Prague culminated in Mesopotamia army in World War II.
During the war years the pilots 2-St air army made over 300 thousand. sorties carried out over 6 thousand. air battles. The army took part in six air operations. 65 of its formations and units converted to the guards, 227 units and formations are awarded by awards and 125 formations and units assigned honorable title.
Thousands of army soldiers are awarded by awards and medals, 281 of them became the hero of the Soviet Union, and 13 pilots were awarded the title twice: V.i. Andrianov, T.ya., Begel'dinov A.v. Vorozeykin, V.a. Zaitsev, A.f. Clubs, M.v. Kuznetsov, I. Mikhailichenko, M.p. Odintsov, Carpenters, and P.a.. with Polbin, V.i. Popkov, V. G. Ryazanov, n.g. Stolyarov. Three times Hero of the Soviet Union was A.i. Pokryshkin.
Commanders: Major General of aviation, from December 1942, Lieutenant-General Aviation, from February 1944, Colonel-General Aviation Krasovskii, SA (May-October 1942 and March 1943 – until the end of the war); Colonel, since October 1942, major General of aviation Smirnov K.n. (October 1942 – March 1943).
Chief of staff: Colonel, major general C. I. Telnov (May-August, 1942 and August 1943 – August 1944); Col. Piotr Braiko (August-October 1942); Colonel N.l. Stepanov (October 1942-April 1943) Major-General Aviation Kacev F.i. (April 1943 – August 1943); Major General A. S. Pronin Aviation (August 1944-until the end of the war).
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