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Project 15310 Volga Cable Vessel

Vessels of Project 15310 - Volga and Vyatka - are ocean-class cable layers. They are designed for laying, lifting and repairing underwater fiber-optic cable communication lines, including for conditions of the far north. Some Russian sources believe Project 15310 vessels will likely take part in the creation of the future Russian "SOSUS-like" global Maritime Surveillance System named Garmoniya thanks to their capability to pave thousands of miles of communication cables in the arctic.

The developed cable vessel, unlike its foreign counterparts, is distinguished by the ability to conduct work in ice conditions, the coastal zone of the Arctic shelf of Russia, as well as the Far East . In addition to the advanced class of ice reinforcements, there is a cable vessel, which provides not only the ability to conduct work in ice conditions, but also, if necessary, covert staging of special equipment. The presence of developed technological equipment and a sufficiently large number of premises for command and maintenance personnel, if necessary, allows you to use this vessel as a research vessel, in a number of options as a diving and, if necessary, headquarters vessel with appropriate additional equipment.

Previously, similar vessels were not built in Russia, but purchased abroad. Design and manufacture of vessels that can withstand harsh Arctic conditions will ensure stable communication and electrification of remote and inaccessible land areas. A series of two cable vessels of project 15310 is being commissioned by the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. By order of the Commander-in-Chief of the Navy of the Russian Federation, the vessels were given the names Volga and Vyatka. Both vessels were laid down on January 6, 2015, the first is scheduled for 2018, and the second for 2019.

In January 2015, the Volga and Vyatka ships were laid down at the A. Gorky Zelenodolsk Plant (Republic of Tatarstan). But, as Izvestia was told in the military department, at the end of last year they were transferred to Kerch at the Zaliv plant, where they will be completed. Volga and Vyatka are able to lay cable with special precision to a depth of tens of meters, and if necessary, then lift and repair the already laid lines. However, they will not be prevented by a storm, strong wind, ice, rain and snow. According to experts, the project 15310 vessels are needed by the Russian Navy to create infrastructure in the Arctic, the newspaper said. As the military department told Izvestia, at present both cable-laying vessels are in a dry dock at the Zaliv plant (it has been owned by the Zelenodolsk shipyard since 2014). According to preliminary plans, the surrender of the Volga was scheduled for the next year. Vyatka should replenish the Navy no earlier than 2019.

Given the size and displacement of these ships, it was decided to build them at an enterprise with direct access to the sea, the director of the state defense order and military-technical cooperation of the Zelenodolsk Plant named after A.M. told Izvestia. Gorky "Sergey Rudenko. They simply would not have passed along the Volga. According to Izvestia, with a length of about 135 meters [about 440 feet], the displacement of the project 15310 vessel is more than 10 thousand tons. The newest cable layers are ice-breaking vessels. They belong to the fifth ice class, that is, they can independently walk in rarefied annual Arctic ice with a thickness of up to 0.8 m in winter-spring navigation and up to one meter in summer-autumn navigation. The Volga and Vyatka on-board equipment allows laying fiber-optic cables and other underwater equipment within 50 days with an accuracy of a few centimeters.

The Kronstadt Technologies company (part of the Kronstadt Group) has fully developed project documentation for an integrated control system for cable laying project 15310, being built at the Zelenodolsk shipyard in the interests of the Russian Navy. The laying of the first two buildings of the project 15310 took place in January 2015 at the Zelenodolsk shipyard. Ocean-class cable layers Volga and Vyatka, which are being built according to the Hotcha Marine Design project, were the first such vessels in the history of domestic shipbuilding and are designed for laying, lifting, repairing fiber-optic cable communication lines, including in Far North. The integrated control system for cable layers developed by Kronstadt Technologies and the company's know-how will integrate all ship cable vessel automation, including specialized cable laying mechanisms. This system ensures the navigational safety of the vessel, the efficiency and accuracy of the necessary tactical calculations and the organization of communication both with the ship and with other naval objects of the fleet.

The head of the military-technical direction of the Kronstadt Group, Ilya Brilliants, noted: It is difficult to overestimate the importance of these vessels, which were not previously built at Soviet or Russian shipyards, but purchased abroad. Unique domestic cable layers will allow you to create and update the communication structure throughout the country, including its farthest borders. We are proud of many years of cooperation with Zelenodolsk Shipyard and a whole galaxy of successfully implemented projects and we will make every effort to ensure that the quality and functionality of the integrated bridge system of Project 15310 ships meets the most stringent requirements of the plant and the customer - the Russian Navy. After the shipyard has agreed on the working documentation, the components of the system will begin to be assembled and sent to the shipyard. Next, shipbuilders and specialists of the Kronstadt Technologies company will begin installation, debugging and commissioning. The delivery of vessels was scheduled for 2018 and 2019, respectively.

The newest ocean-going cable vessels Vyatka and Volga of project 15310 being built at the Zaliv shipyard in Kerch will be handed over to the Russian Navy in 2023 and 2024. This was reported to TASS on 23 March 2021 by a source in the military-industrial complex. "The existing plans envisage the transfer of Vyatka and Volga to the Russian Navy in 2023 and 2024," he said. Previously, it was supposed to transfer the ships in 2018 and 2019, then in 2020-2021. The delay in construction arose presumably due to the need to replace imported equipment with domestic. According to the source, now the construction of ships is proceeding according to the schedule, there are no problems. "These are giant steamers," he said. The displacement of each of them is over 10 thousand tons, the length is about 140 m. Both have the 5th ice class.

According to officially unconfirmed information, during this time "Volga" received a new name - "Sviyaga". On August 18, 2020 Vyatka was launched. It was to be followed by the Volga, after which the dry construction dock of the Zaliv will be used for the construction of two universal amphibious assault ships, officially laid down at the enterprise on July 20, 2020.

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Page last modified: 13-09-2021 17:24:15 ZULU