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TAKR Project 1143.7 "Ulyanovsk" - Program

Design work on the first full-fledged aircraft carrier with a nuclear power plant began in 1973 with the development of an aircraft carrier project 1153, which was intended for the deployment of aircraft launched with the help of a catapult: Mig-23K fighters and Su-25K attack aircraft. The design displacement of the ship was 80,000 tons, and the size of the air group was 70 aircraft.

The death of Defense Minister Marshal A. Grechko, who supported this project and the accession to this post of Marshal D. Ustinov, who was not his supporter, led to the suspension and cancellation of the implementation of this project in 1983.

The initial plans for the construction of an aircraft carrier with a large flight deck were continued in the further development of the 1143.7 Ulyanovsk project by the Nevsky Design Bureau in December 1984 under the leadership of Chief Designer LV Belova (later replaced by Yu.M. Varfolomeev) . During the design, the experience of developing the aircraft carrier of the project 1160 was taken into account. In April 1986, the admiral of the fleet VNChernavin and the minister I.S.Belousov approved the sketch design materials for consideration, and on June 12, 1986 a government decision was passed to approve it.

It was supposed to build 4 ships. A month later, the Minister of the shipbuilding industry issued an order instructing the Nevsky Design Bureau to approve technical project 1143 in the first quarter (March) in 1987, And the ChSZ was allowed to begin work before the approval of the technical design, ensuring the laying of a new ship in 1988. Separately, it was prescribed to start the production of an atomic steam generating plant (APPU) in 1987.

October 28, 1987, the Central Committee of the CPSU and the Council of Ministers of the USSR approved measures to ensure the construction of an aircraft carrier and tactical and technical elements (TTE) of Project 11437. From previous TAVKR, Ulyanovsk was distinguished by its nuclear power plant, the increased size of the flight deck, a new springboard (angle of descent 14 ) And two steam catapults (length 90 m).

On October 4, 1988, the main cruiser Ulyanovsk (factory No. 107) was included in the lists of Navy ships and was laid down on November 25 at the Chernomorsky Shipyard No. 444 in Mykolayiv. The launch was planned for 1992, and the commissioning in December 1995. On October 4, 1988, the main cruiser Ulyanovsk (factory No. 107) was included in the lists of Navy ships and was laid down on November 25 at the Chernomorsky Shipyard No. 444 in Mykolayiv. The launch was planned for 1992, and the commissioning in December 1995. On October 4, 1988, the main cruiser Ulyanovsk (factory No. 107) was included in the lists of Navy ships and was laid down on November 25 at the Chernomorsky Shipyard No. 444 in Mykolayiv. The launch was planned for 1992, and the commissioning in December 1995.

Unfortunately, such a grandiose project was destined to die, without being born. The heavy aircraft carrying cruiser of Project 1143.7 "Ulyanovsk" on October 4, 1988 was enlisted in the lists of ships of the Navy and on November 25, 1988 it was laid down at the Black Sea Shipyard in Nikolaev (plant No. 107).

The total cost of construction was estimated at 2 billion Soviet rubles, and 800 million of them were spent only at the stage of laying on slipways. More than 600 plants were connected to the construction, construction was going on in an incredible style, by 1991 the readiness of the ship was 18.5%.

However, in 1992 the USSR ceased to exist. Ukraine refused to finish building "Ulyanovsk." On February 4, 1992, the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine issued Order No. 69-r, which ordered the cruiser to be dismantled at the "0" berth for scrap. Scrap metal was exported in 1994-1995. The construction was stopped at 20% of the technical readiness. On the orders of Ukrainian President Kravchuk, the ship was cut into pieces for sale on metal. By October, the slipway was free of structures, and ATAVKR "Ulyanovsk" died, and was not born.





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