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Krivak IV Project 1135.6 Dozorny / Admiral Grigorovich

Ships of this project are designed to conduct in ocean and sea areas of combat operations against surface ships and submarines, as well as reflection attacks of air attack, both independently and as part of the ships connections. Project 11356 frigates have a displacement of 4,000 tons, speed -. 30 knots, cruising - 30 days. The ships are armed particularly with missile complex "Caliber-NK", and artillery unit A-190 100 mm caliber, and are equipped with torpedoes, anti-submarine and anti-aircraft weapons. On board was placed Ka-31.

Project 11356 was the extensive modernization of the Soviet-era Burevestnik (Storm Petrel) project, which included 28 combat ships built since 1968 (projects 1135 and 1135M). This was why the construction of each of the project 11356 frigates took as much as five years, from roll out to entering service.

Two of the 28 frigates built during the Soviet period are still in service with the Black Sea Fleet by teh end of 2017. The Burevestnik-class ships gained a reputation for their outstanding seagoing capabilities and reliability. Back in the day, they played a key tactical role in the Soviet navy.

Patrol Project 11356 was designed for warfare in the ocean and the sea on their own and as part of the naval forces. They are capable of destroying enemy submarines, to carry out anti, anti-aircraft and anti-submarine defense warships and vessels to support ground combat, provide amphibious landing.

The new frigates will be capable of acting both as anti-submarine vessels and combat ships. They were to have a displacement of about 4,000 tons, as compared with the Navy destroyers' 9,500 tons.

The Project 11356 frigates, displacing 3,850 tons are designed for anti-ship and anti-submarine warfare on the high seas, and for anti-aircraft operations, both independently and as an escort ship. The ships are armed with an eight-cell launcher for Kalibr and Klub (3M54E) anti-ship and surface-to-surface missiles, a 100-mm main gun, Kashtan gun/missile close-in air defense systems, Shtil vertical-launch air defense missile systems, two torpedo tubes, an anti-submarine rocket system and a Ka-28 or Ka-31 helicopter.

The project 11356 frigate packs a formidable arsenal of weapons capable of hitting different types of targets. Each ship has eight 3M22 launchers for Kalibr-NK cruise missiles (operational range of up to 2,500 kilometers) and Oniks anti-ship missiles (up to 500 kilometers).

The frigates also heve the AK-190 100-mm versatile artillery system with an operation range of up to 21 kilometers. As for anti-submarine warfare, the ship has the RBU-6000 12-barrel bomb launcher and four 533-mm torpedo launchers. In addition, there was the Shtil-1 anti-aircraft defensive system, with a range of up to 50 kilometers, as well as a pair of AK-630M six-barrel anti-aircraft cannons. All of the weapons are controlled by the Puma fire-command system, including target seeking and acquisition.

While developing project 11356, Russian engineers had in mind the combat and maintenance experience of the Burevestnik frigates, making a number of upgrades and adding new technologies. The ships also have an advanced computerized control system. As a result, the 4,035-ton and 125-meter-long frigate was operated by a crew of only 180, including 18 officers. According to instructions, the ship also carries a group of 20 marines and a Ka-27PL or Ka-31 anti-submarine helicopter with a crew.

They feature stealth technologies and a low level of noise, primarily due to their COCAG two-shaft gas turbine engine, which generates a total of 56,000 horsepower. The ship can reach speeds of up to 30 knots (56 kilometers per hour) and has a sea endurance of 30 days.

The frigates of project 11356 were initially designed to fight against both surface targets and submarines, to repel enemy aviation attacks, to destroy ground targets with high-precision weapons and to take part in counterterrorism and antipiracy missions. A project 11356 frigate was truly multipurpose and capable of accomplishing almost any combat task in its operational theater.

The Admiral Grigorovich and Admiral Essen frigates were involved in Russias counterterrorism operation in Syria in 2016-2017, having repeatedly delivered high-precision strikes at enemy targets.

Krivak IV Project 1135.6 - Program

The main objectives of the Russian Shipbuilding Agency for 2004 in the military sector included the Sankt Petersburg class diesel sub for the Russian and foreign customers; project 11356 frigate; mine sweeper; combat and patrol cutters, specialized and auxiliary ships (fire control, divers', hydrographic, demagnetizing, floating berths).

The Project 1135.6 Dozorny Frigate [and a number of other vessels] were to be built to replace Project 956 destroyers used by the Navy. The Russian Navy issued a Request for Proposal (RFP) in early 2002 for the construction of 10-20 frigates in the 4,000-ton range. Budgetary restrictions and a general halt on new projects, delayed the decision. The RFP was re-issued on 28 February 2005. Bidding was supposed to conclude by 01 April 2005, with a decision anticipated by the end of 2005.

Two shipyards were considered frontrunners for the program: Baltic Zavod - which at the time had no major construction projects; and Severnaya Verf, which was building the Steregushchy-class frigate. Plans call for building at least 10 units of the class, at a unit cost of about $200 million, and possibly as many as 20 total. If the project moves ahead as planned, the first unit would launch by the end of 2006 and commission in mid-2007. This competition was reportedly won by Severnaya Verf, and nothing more was heard of Baltic Zavod's Project 1135.6 Dozorny.

The lead warship in the series, the Admiral Grigorovich, was laid down in December 2010, the second, the Admiral Essen, in July 2011 and the third, the Admiral Makarov, in February 2012. Russia's first Project 11356 frigate, the Admiral Grigorovich, was to join the Black Sea Fleet in 2014, Vice-Admiral Alexander Fedotenkov said on 29 April 2013. The newest Project 11356 escort ship, the Admiral Grigorovich, should be launched in 2013 and join the Black Sea Fleet in 2014, Fedotenkov said.

The Yantar shipyard in Russias Baltic exclave of Kaliningrad launched construction of a new Project 11356 frigate for the Russian navy on 13 July 2013. The official ceremony, attended by Deputy Commander of the Baltic Fleet, Rear Admiral Sergei Popov, was held Friday, according to Baltic Reporter online news portal. The Admiral Butakov was the fourth in a series of six Project 11356, or Admiral Grigorovich-class, frigates for delivery to the Black Sea Fleet between 2014 and 2016 under a contract with the Defense Ministry.

The Yantar shipyard in Russias Baltic exclave of Kaliningrad floated out the first in a series of six Project 11356 frigates being built for the Black Sea Fleet, the company said 14 March 2014. Four more ships of the same class were in various stages of construction at the shipyard. All six frigates will be delivered to the Black Sea Fleet between 2014 and 2017 under two contracts with the Defense Ministry.

Patrol ship "Admiral Grigorovich" - Project 11356 frigate head being built for the Russian Navy at the shipyard "Yantar", in late March 2015 began sea trials in the Baltic. Spokesman for the company Sergei Mikhailov said, "It is planned that the sea trials" Admiral Grigorovich "will begin on March 26-27. At present, the factory ship dock completes work on the demagnetization, and then move to the acceptance base in the ports of the Baltic". Sea trials patrol boat, which goes to the Black Sea Fleet, will last presumably before the end of May, after which it would be transferred to the customer.

The first in a series of six Admiral Grigorovich class (Project 11356) frigates, being built for the Black Sea Fleet, will be delivered to the Russian Navy in August, the United Shipbuilding Corporation said 08 April 2015. "The delivery of the Admiral Grigorovich frigate is planned for August 2015," the company said in a statement. "Admiral Grigorovich" was laid down in December 2010, was launched in March 2014.

Admiral Grigorovich successfully carried out the final stage of state trials in the Barents Sea, the shipyard's spokesman Sergei Mikhailov said 30 December 2015. The second and the final stage of state trials was over. The vessel was expected to return to Baltiysk in the first ten days of JanuaryRaising the flag was expected to take place in February," Mikhailov told RIA Novosti.

Under two contracts signed with the Ministry of Defense, "Yantar" was building a series of patrol ships of project 11356 development of the Northern Design Bureau. In addition to the "Grigorovich" in this series of modern frigates for the Black Sea Fleet includes "Admiral Essen," "Admiral Makarov", "Admiral Butakov" and "Admiral Istomin." The Kaliningrad shipbuilders planned to complete the construction of the series in 2017.

The second Project 11356 frigate "Admiral Essen", was built for the Russian Navy at the Baltic Shipyard "Yantar" in Kaliningrad. "Frigate" Admiral Essen "made out in the Baltic Sea last Saturday and Sunday During the voyage the main attention was paid to test the main power plant of the ship, its work in various modes, and tested and some other important components and mechanisms", said enterprise press secretary Sergei Mikhailov on 08 Februrary 2016.

Frigate "Admiral Essen", which was initially based at the acceptance in the ports of the Baltic, began the state testing program on 30 January 2016. State tests, which are held on sea proving grounds of the Baltic Fleet, will last about a month. The transfer of the Russian Navy ship was scheduled for April 2016.

TFR "Admiral Essen" was laid at Shipyard "Yantar" on July 8, 2011, launched on November 7, 2014, the factory sea trials began October 28, 2015. For two contracts signed with the Ministry of Defense, the factory "Yantar" was building a series of six Project 11356 patrol ships, developed by JSC "Northern Design Bureau". The head of the frigate project modernized "Admiral Grigorovich" recently completed state tests, which were conducted in the Baltic Sea and the Northern Fleet. Its transmission to Navy was tentatively scheduled for the end of February 2016.

The Russian Ministry of Defense originally signed two contracts with Yantar Shipyard between 2010 and 2011 for the construction of six Project 11356 frigates. The Admiral Makarov was laid in February 2012; Admiral Butakov was laid in July 2013; and Admiral Istomin was laid down in November 2013. Later on, one of the projected vessels - Admiral Kornikov - was cancelled as Russia decided to replace it with a more powerful Admiral Gorshkov class frigate of Project 22350. The vessel was laid down on February 1, 2006 at a shipyard in St. Petersburg. It was also due by the end of 2015.

Terms of delivery to the Russian Navy of the newest frigates were under threat because of the backlog with the development of missile systems. This was reported 24 March 2017 by Deputy Defense Minister Yury Borisov. "Due to the untimely performance by the Almaz-Antey concern of the development works Polymet-Redut and Shtil, the terms of delivery of the 22350 Admiral Gorshkov and 11356 Admiral Makarov ships are in jeopardy, Borisov said. According to him, the main reasons for late delivery were the low level of organization of their work, delays in the supply of components, insufficient production capacity and a lack of qualified personnel. In total, six ships were planned for this project, of which in 2016 the fleet received two - Admiral Grigorovich and Admiral Essen. "Admiral Makarov" was on state tests. The fourth and fifth ships of the series will be transferred to India, the fate of the sixth was still unknown.

Krivak IV Project 1135.6 - Propulsion Problem

The vessels are being constructed at the Kaliningrad-based Yantar Shipyard and use a Ukrainian Zorya-Mashproyekt gas-turbine propulsion plant. While Russia had received the propulsion systems for the first three vessels, Ukraine's termination of defence exports to Russia eft the final three without their turbines. Saturn was to build alternative M90FP turbines for the class under Russia's import substitution program, but these cannot be completed before 2019-2020.

Nikolai Novichkov, writing for IHS Jane's Navy International on 14 October 2015, reported that Russia was hoping to find an export customer for the final three Admiral Grigorovich-class (Project 11356M) frigates. "The Defence Ministry is reallocating the money, initially set aside for the other three frigates, to the construction of other ships it badly needs. Meetings of Defence Ministry and Federal Military Technical Co-operation Service officials suggested that a solution could be to export the ships," a source said.

A TASS source close to military-technical cooperation said previously that the Russian Defense Ministry had decided to reallocate the money earmarked for the second troika of Project 11356 frigates to pay for other ships it badly needs. The discussions between the military and the Federal Service for Military-Technical Cooperation led to the opinion that the frigates can be offered for export.

All of the components of the first three Project 11356 frigates, including the Ukrainian-made propulsion plants, had been received. At the same time, the other three frigates lack propulsion plants, the production of which was to be launched by defense contractor Saturn in the city of Rybinsk under the import substitution program. Saturn can manufacture the power plants in 2019-2020 at the earliest, but the schedule does not suit the Russian Navy.

Small missile ships of the project 22800 Karakurt (Turkic languages: kara (black) and kurt (wolf)) with cruise missiles will replace the frigates of project 11356. The construction of frigates of project 11356 will be stopped for a while after the 3rd vessel due to non-delivery by Ukraine of gas turbine engines for them.

The signing of the transfer-acceptance act on board the "Admiral Grigorovich," scheduled for 10-11 March 2016 on the frigate, was a ceremony flag-raising.

In March 2016, President of the Russian United Shipbuilding Corporation Igor Ponomaryov said that Russia was in negotiations on the sale to India of three frigates that had been designed for the Russian Black Sea Fleet. Russias Rosoboronexport arms exporter said later that negotiations started on organizing the manufacturing of ships of this class in India.

In case of the technology transfer, the ships may be co-produced either in both countries or in India alone. India had acquired from Russia six Talwar-class frigates - three built by Baltiisky Zavod in St. Petersburg and three more by Yantar in Kaliningrad from 2003 to 2013.

United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC) will resume the construction of three frigates of Project 11356 Type "Petrel" - "Admiral Butakov", "Admiral Istomin" and "Admiral Kornilov" - in 2018, the head of USC Alexey Rakhmanov told thenewspaper "Izvestia" 02 June 2017. As the newspaper notes, the construction of the ships was suspended in 2015 due to the failure of Ukraine to supply gas turbines. The decision to resume the work made as a result of preliminary tests Russian gas turbines and M70FRU M90FR of the developer acted NPO "Saturn" (part of United Engine Corporation).

"The decision was made - it will require R & D, but because the design was carried out in many ways taking into account the reserve, which was made by Russian gas turbine builders, any kind the architectural changes of ships would be required", Rakhmanov said. Now the Russian Black Sea fleet consists of three ships of this class frigates "Admiral Grigorovich," "Admiral Essen" and "Admiral Makarov".

As told to "Izvestia" by the main headquarters of the Navy, as the primary design considerations, when two gas-turbine engine are installed M70FRU "tandem". According to preliminary calculations, it should maximize the ship's capacity at 14 thousand. Horsepower. Thus the ship can reach speeds of 30 knots, which was more than 60 kilometers per hour. At the same cruising range will be 4,850 nautical miles - nine thousand kilometers.

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