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6th Leningrad Red Banner Army of the Air Force and Air Defense

On 10 August 2015, the Russian Ministry of Defense announced the creation of the 6th Leningrad Red Banner Army of the Air Force and air defense in the west of the country. This military unit was created once already - in June 1998 the 76th Red Banner Air Army, formed in 1942, was combined with the 6th Red Banner Independent Air Defense Army. In 2009, in connection with the reform of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, the 1st Air Force and Air Defense Command was created on the basis of the army, and six years later the military leadership again decided to revive the 6th Army.

According to the idea of ??the Ministry of Defense, the re-establishment of the 6th Army should increase the level of coordination between the troops, as well as ensure high-quality inter-service interaction between the aviation and air defense units with units of the Ground Forces and Navy (most likely, the Northern and Baltic fleets that are part of the Western Military District (ZVO)). All the military units of the 6th Army are stationed in the air defense system, in particular, in the Central and North-Western Federal Districts, and its headquarters are in St. Petersburg. The press service of the district notes that the new connection will take responsibility for the security of airspace of about 2 million square meters. km and a section of the state border with a length of more than 3 thousand km.

Currently, the army is armed with all kinds of aircraft from bombers and fighters to transport aircraft: Su-34 multipurpose fighter-bombers, Su-27 frontal fighters, Su-35C multipurpose fighters, Su-30SM heavy fighters, MiG-31 interceptors , reconnaissance aircraft SU-24MR, military transport aircraft of the AN family, Tu-134 passenger aircraft, as well as Ka-52 Alligator and Mi-28N attack helicopters Night Hunter, multipurpose Mi-35 helicopters, military transport helicopters Mi-8MTV-5 etc. The units of anti-aircraft missile and radio-technical troops are equipped with medium-range SAM systems of the S-300 Favorit, large and medium-range missiles of the S-400 Triumph, self-propelled Buk-M1 missiles, self-propelled anti- C1, various radar stations, as well as other types of equipment.

Major-General Alexander Duplinsky was appointed Commander of the 6th Army. The fifty-year-old cadre military officer had previously served in Byelorussia, the Far East and the Southern Military District, having traveled from the pilot to the commander of the 1st Air Force and Air Defense Command.

The 6th Army has a glorious history. During the Great Patriotic War, units of the 16th, 76th Air Armies (VA) and the 6th Independent Air Defense Army (these armies later became the basis for the formation of the Air Force and Air Defense Forces) showed an example of heroism and fortitude in battles with the enemy. The personnel of the 6th separate air defense army and the 13th IA participated in the defense of the besieged Leningrad, one of the main tasks facing the air force and air defense of the Leningrad front, was the protection of the "Road of Life", which played an important role in the defense of the city. For this feat in September 2005, Russian President Vladimir Putin appropriated the honorary name "Leningradskaya" to the army.

Subdivisions of the 16th IA took part in the battles for Moscow and Kursk, crossed the Dnieper, liberated Belarus, Poland and reached Berlin, where they met the Victory Day. After the end of the Great Patriotic War, the 16th IA joined the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany. During the war years, parts of the 76th, 16th IA, and 6th separate air defense army destroyed more than 11.1 thousand enemy aircraft, 5.4 thousand tanks and armored cars, about 5 thousand artillery and antiaircraft guns, more than 1 , 5 thousand train trains, as well as about 230 thousand soldiers and enemy officers.

1st Command of Air Force and Air Defence

1st Command of Air Force and Air Defence [unit # 09436. ex 6 AF Army (Leningrad)]. 2004: located 200,000+ targets incl 30,000 foreign, 1500 interception battle alarms. 15.09.2005 lost Su-27 due crash in Litva, pilot ejected and survived (09.2006 faired from AF). 04.2006 AD trainings jointly with Leningrad distr. 08.2007 tactical trainings in Ashuluk. 2009: forming on base of 6A+ 54 Corps. 06.2010 antiterror exercises. 2010 moved from St. Petersburg to Voronezh. 2012: average pilot's age- 27 years, 2011: 140 flight/hours.

1st Air Army

May 10, 1942 formed the AIR FORCE control based on the aviasil of the Western front. On 1 June, it included 201, 202, 203, 235, 234-I fighter, 214, 224, 231, 232, 233-I assault, 204-213-bombardment, I am a night bombardment and 215-I mixed aviation Division. In March 1943, it included the French fighter aircraft Squadron "Normandy", later converted to a fighter Regiment "Normandy-Neman".

Since the formation of the air force 1, consisting of the Western Front offensive supported his troops at ûhnovskom, gžatskom, rževskom. In August and September, the army provided troops for the offensive front rževsko-sycevskom direction, in March 1943, supported them during Rževsko-Vâzemskoj offensive operation, and in the summer and fall — of the Oryol and Smolensk strategic offensive operations.

In the winter of 1943-1944. the army has successfully operated in the Vitebsk and Orsha areas, blows to the enemy's rail communications. The 3-second Belorussian Front (April 24, 1944) 1 air force contributed greatly to the liberation of Byelorussia and Lithuania. As part of the Byelorussian strategic offensive operation participated in Orsha Vitebsk–Orsha offensive, Minsk, Vilnius and Kaunas operations; supported the troops by forcing the Berezina River front and Neman, destroying the surrounded by enemy troops in the East of Vitebsk and Minsk regions, as well as the departing convoy of its troops.

In the autumn of 1944, supported the troops of 1-St Baltic front during Memelska offensive operation and the 3-th Belarusian front during the offensive, to the borders of East Prussia. In January-April of 1945, army troops maintained a 3-second Belorussian Front in the East Prussian strategic offensive operation, cause powerful strikes against enemy forces in the fortress city of Koenigsberg (Kaliningrad).

During the great patriotic war the air force 1 has over 290 thousand. missions, participated in five air operations, caused great damage to the enemy in manpower and materiel. For successful fighting over 17 thousand. the Warriors are awarded by awards and medals, 145 pilots and navigators of the army was awarded the title of hero of the Soviet Union, and 17 of them were awarded this title twice: V.a. Aleksenko, s., l. Amethan Beda, A. Bondarenko, M.z., Islam Vorobev Brandys, M.g. Gareev, Pavel Golovachev, e.m. Kungurtsev, G.m. Mylnikov, V.i. Myhlik, A.k. Nedbaylo, G.m., A. N. Parshin, Prokhorov N.i. Semejko, M.t. Stepanishchev, T.t. Timofey Khryukin.

Commanders: Lieutenant General Aviation T.f. Kucevalov (May — June 1942); Major-General Aviation, since March 1943 General-Lieutenant, aviation S.a. Hudyakov (June 1942 — may 1943); Aviation Lieutenant General M.m. Gromov (May 1943 – July 1944); Colonel-General Aviation T.t. Timofey Khryukin (July 1944-until the end of the war). Chief of staff: Colonel, in March 1943, major General of aviation Alexander Pronin (May 1942 – August 1944); Major-General Aviation Belov I.m. (February 1945-until the end of the war).




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Page last modified: 27-07-2018 23:10:08 ZULU