Find a Security Clearance Job!

Military


Pakistan Leadership

Governor-General

#NameFromTo
1Quaid-i-Azam Mohammed Ali Jinnah 14 Aug 194711 Sep 1948
2Khwaja Nazimuddin14 Sep 194819 Oct 1951
3Ghulam Mohammed19 Oct 19517 Aug 1955
4Major General Iskander Mirza7 Aug 195523 Mar 1956

President

#NameFromTo
1Major General Iskander Mirza23 Mar 195627 Oct 1958
2Field Marshal Mohammad Ayub Khan27 Oct 195825 Mar 1969
3General Agha Mohammad Yahya Khan 25 Mar 196920 Dec 1971
4Zulfikar Ali Bhutto20 Dec 197114 Aug 1973
5Fazal Elahi Chaudhry 14 Aug 197316 Sep 1978
6General Mohammad Zia-ul-Haq 16 Sep 197817 Aug 1988
7Ghulam Ishaq Khan 17 Aug 198818 Jul 1993
8Wasim Sajjad 18 Jul 199314 Nov 1993
9Farooq Ahmad Khan Leghari14 Nov 199302 Dec 1997
10Wasim Sajjad 02 Dec 199701 Jan 1998
11Muhammad Rafiq Tarar01 Jan 199820 Jun 2002
12General Pervez Musharraf 20 Jun 200218 Aug 2008
13 Mohammed Mian Soomro18 Aug 200813 Sep 2008
14Asif Ali Zardari 13 Sep 200809 Sep 2013
15 Mohammed Mian Soomro09 Sep 201309 Sep 2018

Prime Ministers of Pakistan

#NameFromTo
1 Liaquat Ali Khan 15 Aug 1947 16 Oct 1951
2 Al-Haj Khwaja Nazimuddin 19 Oct 1951 17 Apr 1953
3 Mohammed Ali (Bogra) 17 Apr 1953 11 Aug 1955
4 Mohamad Ali (Ch.) 11 Aug 1955 12 Sep 1956
5 Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy 12 Sep 1956 18 Oct 1957
6 Isamil I. Chundrigar 18 Oct 1957 16 Dec 1957
7 Malik Firoz Khan Noon 16 Dec 1957 27 Oct 1958
VACANT
8 Zulfikar Ali Bhutto 14 Aug 1973 05 Jul 1977
VACANT
9 Mohammad Khan Junejo 23 Mar 1985 28 May 1988
10Mohtrama Benazir Bhutto 02 Dec 1988 06 Aug 1990
11 Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi (Caretaker) 06 Aug 1990 06 Nov 1990
12Mohammad Nawaz Sharif 06 Nov 1990 18 Jul 1993
13 Mir Balakh Sher Mazari 18 Apr 1993 26 May 1993
14 Moeen Qureshi (Caretaker) 18 Jul 1993 19 Oct 1993
15Mohtrama Benazir Bhutto 19 Oct 1993 05 Nov 1996
16 Malik Meraj Khalid (Caretaker) 05 Nov 1996 17 Feb 1997
17Mohammad Nawaz Sharif 17 Feb 1997 12 Oct 1999
VACANT
18 Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali 23 Nov 2002 26 Jun 2004
19 Chaudhry Shujat Hussain 30 Jun 2004 27 Aug 2004
20 Shaukat Aziz 28 Aug 2004 16 Nov 2007
21 Mohammed Mian Soomro 16 Nov 2007 25 Mar 2008
22 Yousuf Raza Gilani 25 Mar 2008 25 Apr 2012
23 Raja Pervez Ashraf 22 Jun 2012 05 Jun 2013
24Mohammad Nawaz Sharif05 Jun 201305 Jun 2018
25Imran Ahmad Khan Niazi18 Aug 2018

Pakistan has never been a functioning democracy, nor has it ever been a military dictatorship. Its civilian leaders have never been particularly democratic in orientation and its military leaders have never been particularly dictatorial (though General Zia ul-Haq came close). Rather, following a chaotic period of civilian rule between 1947 and 1958, Pakistan has been an unstable and dysfunctional amalgam, with the military seeking simultaneously to engage and rein in the civilians and the civilians doing the same with the military -- both with varying degrees of success.

On September 6, 2008, Asif Ali Zardari, widower of assassinated Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) leader Benazir Bhutto, was elected president and head of state. The PPP-led coalition government moved forward on long-awaited constitutional reforms. In particular, on April 19, 2010, Zardari signed into law the 18th Amendment to the Pakistani Constitution. The amendment realigns executive powers by restoring the prime minister as the premier civilian official and returning the presidency to its original, more ceremonial role as head of state, which largely eliminates constitutional changes made by former President Musharraf to strengthen the presidency. Zardari thus gave up key presidential powers. The reform package also abolishes the two-term limit on prime ministers; restricts the presidents power over judicial appointments; and reorganizes center-province relations, empowering provincial assemblies to elect their own chief ministers. The amendment also renamed the North-West Frontier Province to Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, which means Khyber side of the land of the Pakhtuns, in a nod to the regions ethnic Pashtun majority.




NEWSLETTER
Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list


Unconventional Threat podcast - Threats Foreign and Domestic: 'In Episode One of Unconventional Threat, we identify and examine a range of threats, both foreign and domestic, that are endangering the integrity of our democracy'


 
Page last modified: 22-08-2019 18:29:21 ZULU