GSDF 2005 National Defense Program Outline
The National Defense Program Guidelines in and after JFY 2005 and Mid-Term Defense Program (JFY 2005-2009) were adopted by the Security Council and the Cabinet on December 10, 2004. The "Mid-Term Defense Program (FY 2005-FY 2009)" is a plan that defines Japan's policy regarding the build-up of its defense capabilities and the main projects for the five-year period to realize new defense capabilities specified in the National Defense Program Guidelines.
As regionally deployed units (basic strategic units), eight divisions and six brigades, which are responsive and highly mobile, will be formed in preparation for effective and timely response to new threats and diverse contingencies that are often difficult to predict. The eight divisions and six brigades will each be stationed in one of 14 sections demarcated with consideration given to Japan's geography, which is characterized by mountains, rivers and straits.
A departure from the conventional anti-tank warfare-oriented defense build-up concept will be pursued, and a personnel (manpower)-oriented system will be created in order to enhance the response to new threats and diverse contingencies such as attacks by guerillas and special operations forces, large-scale disasters and participation in international peace cooperation activities. To ensure effective response capability, the number of regular defense officers will be increased from 145,000, set forth in NDPG 1995 to 148,000. Meanwhile, the amount of primary equipment - tanks and artillery - will be reduced from approximately 900 vehicles to 600 vehicles for tanks, and from 900 to 600 artillery/vehicles for artillery, respectively.
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