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Japanese Navy Aircraft Popular Names

In contrast to the Japanese Army aviation, most types of Navy aircraft received Popular Names. This began about July 1943 and coincided with the practical abandonment of broadcasting determinations by numbering Type (Koji Gata) and the classification determinations by short code symbols (Kana Gata). These systems had provided allied intelligence too much information as to he planned use of new aircraft and the year of its entry into production. Names were widely used, particularly by Japanese propaganda. Their assignment to particular types of aircraft are based on certain key, and are broadcast fighter aircraft names derived from the weather (in particular sea and windz), land based fighters from lightning, night fighters from the phenomena of light ), bombers (including, in particular torpedo and carrier based) from celestial bodies, medium and heavy bombers from the mountains and mountain chains, special aircraft (including, in particular kamikaze) from flowers, observation airplanes from clouds, transport airplanes from celestial phenomena, training aircraft from grasses, trees and other plants, patrol airplanes from the seas and oceans, various unusual aircraft and other flying objects for special purposes from dragons. The names were generally descriptive, poetic and very rarely coincide with the lethal purpose of the aircraft. An additional difficulty is the exact translation of the Japanese language.

Fighters Meteorological phenomena
Carrier FightersWinds, ending in pu or fu
Mitsubishi A7M Reppu Furious Wind
MitsubishiA8M / J9MRikufuLand Wind
Seaplane Fightersas Carrier Fighters
Kawanishi J6K Jinpu Squall
Interceptor FightersLightning, ending in den
Mitsubishi J2M Raiden Lightning / Thunderbolt
Mitsubishi J4M Senden Flashing Lightning
Nakajima J5N Tenrai Heavenly Thunder
Kyushu J7W Shinden Magnificent/Bright Lightning
Kawanishi N1K Shinden / Kyofu Purple Lightning
Night FightersLight, ending in ko
NakajimaJ1N1-SGekkoLight of the Moon
KugishoP1Y1-SByakko White Light
KugishoP1Y2-SKyokkoLight dawn
Aichi S1A DenkoFlash of light
Attack planes/ Torpedo-BombersMountains
Nakajima B6N Tenzan Heavenly Mountain
Nakajima G5N Shinzan Steep Hill / Mountain Recess
Mitsubishi G7M Taizan Great Hill
Nakajima G8N RenzanMountain Chain
Nakajima G10N Fugaku Mount Fuji
Aichi M6A Seiran Mountain Mist
Aichi M6A1-K Nanzan Southern Mountains
Kawanishi (-) Gunzan Mountain Band
Mitsubishi (-)Tozan East Top
Deck Bombers Star (sei) or constellation (zan)
Aichi B7A Ryusei Falling Star
Aichi B8A Mokusei Jupiter
Yokosuka D3Y Myojo Venus
Yokosuka D4Y Suisei Comet
Yokosuka D5Y Myojo KAI Venus Bis
Yokosuka P1Y Ginga Milky Way
Kugisho--Tenga Milky Way
Patrol planes/ Fighters Coast Guard Sea or ocean
Kyushu Q1W Tokai East Sea
Mitsubishi Q2M Taiyo Ocean Spirit
Kyushu Q3W Nankai South Sea
Reconnaissance planes Cloud
Nakajima C6N Saiun Painted Cloud
Aichi E13A Raiun Storm cloud
Kawanishi E15K Shiun Purple Cloud
Aichi E16A Zuiun Successful/Kind Cloud
Yokosuka R1Y Seiun Blue Cloud
Yokosuka R1YGyounMorning Cloud
Yokosuka R2Y Keiun Beautiful Cloud
Transports Sky
Kawanishi H11K-L Soku Blue Sky
Trainers Tree, plant or flower
Kyushu K9W Momiji Maple
Kyushu K11W Shiragiku White Chrysanthemum
Nihon Kogata MXJ Wakakusa Fresh Grass
Yokosuka MXY8 Akigusa Autumn Grass
Kugisho MXY9 Shuka Autumn Fire
Special AttackFlowers
Nakajima (J8N?,J9N?) Kikka Orange blossom
Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka Early Cherry Blossom
Kawanishi (-) Baik Plum blossom
Nakajima(-) Toka Wisteria Flower
Miscellaneouslandscape effects
MitsubishiJ8M Shusui Autumn Water
Nihon Kogata K-14 Kirigamine Summit Fog
Kugisho K-15 Chikara Strength
Kugisho (-) FunryuSavage Dragon
Kugisho (Mizuno)(-) Shinryu Divine Dragon
Mitsubishi Yasukuni (-) Yasukuni (temple)
Mitsubishi G4M Hammocks Cigar

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Page last modified: 11-07-2011 03:23:29 ZULU