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Army Air Force of the Islamic Republic of Iran

With the advent of the signs of the collapse of the Pahlavi regime in 1979 due to the faults that arose in the air force at that time, including its intra-organizational dissatisfaction, the air force broke up during the revolutionary events earlier than other forces of the Pahlavi regime and joined the revolutionary waves. In particular, the forces of this force played an important role in guiding the air force to the revolution.

After the victory of the Islamic Revolution of Iran, initially the hasty appointments that took place at the command of the Air Force led to a wave of protests and strikes, leading to relative stability following the start of the Iraq war against Iran. With the onset of the war, the most urgent issue that came to mind was the issue of countering and preventing the flight of more Iraqi aircraft to Iran.

On the very first day of the beginning of the war with the courageous commanders of the air force such as Martyr Mohammad Javad Fakori, the air force was able to respond to the violations of Iraqi forces by flying 200 aircraft and passing 140 of them into Iraqi frontiers. From their next flights into Iran's airspace. On the other hand, at that time preparing aircrafts, repairing aircraft and supplying spare parts were also issues that the air force faced, and the support of the superpowers from Iraq and sanctions against our country were also two other major challenges. Been.

West scholars have pointed out that the Iranian Army's air force in the post-revolutionary period has succeeded in activating many of its aircraft, which were thrown out of spare parts by using spare parts for a number of other units.

The pre-revolutionary air force had more than 450 advanced warplanes, including the most advanced fighter planes of that time ( F-14 Tomcat ) , and had about five thousand piloted pilots, and in 1979, compared to the Navy, It was much more advanced and unrivaled among the airships of the Third World, with about 76 helicopters and 15 ground-to-air missile squadrons completing this capability, with 166 F-5s , 190 Phantoms and 77 Tomcats part of These aircraft were.

However, the Army Air Force of the Islamic Republic of Iran, with its well-trained and efficient soldiers (from pilots to duty soldiers), from the very early stages of the war began with the planning and implementation of several operations, to consider the importance of landing Iraqi planes and air superiority gained the opportunity to achieve the following goals :

  1. Provide the opportunity to organize dispersed forces and carry out initial defense planning .
  2. Surface forces are transferred from the front to operational areas .
  3. Reducing the combat power of the enemy reduces its air cover .
  4. The enemy's combat capability to reduce potential air strikes will be reduced to the critical points of the country .

In order to achieve the desired goals, the air force, taking advantage of the aerial advantage and taking the initiative in the operation of the wave of attacks, fired its bombers into armored units, pedestrians, mechanized and artillery units and tactical assemblies, amphibians, military pillars, as well as connecting axes Enemy forces. As a result, the Iraqi Army, which sought to reach out to the deadlock, went on to battle cities and attack residential areas and attacked them with Scud missiles .

But one of the most important and important aspects of the air force's actions during the holy defense is the role of the air force in offshore operations, which in particular its triumph and honor was created on December 7, 1979, along with the Army's navy and the destruction of seven hijackers, Seven missile frigates, one Iraqi tuna ship, and sending them to the gulf of the Persian Gulf in the history of the sacred defense . In the wake of the Air Force's warfare in Abadan defeat operations, using airborne aircraft and aerial photography, and tactical identification prior to operations over occupied and rearward fronts, and obtaining comprehensive information on abilities and limitations, concentration and concentration of forces, The composition and arrangement of Iraqi forces, displacements and movements, provided by the commanders of the war for the implementation of the operation, which was carried out with full success in October 1981.

At that time, during Operation Al-Quds, which was carried out in order to liberate Bostan and the Temazh valley in the Bostan-Sousanger area, at first, air force pilots carried out dozens of suites to bombard front lines each day, and then plan tactical information missions To provide fire support for air, to cut off lines and to separate troops, and to maintain close air support from the surface forces and to destroy the enemy's rallies to create gaps in the strong lines of contact, as well as to provide airborne defense from the Aqaba, and the depth of the operational areas, Medium and high up for the next operation .

In the well-known operation of Fatah al-Mubin, the air force was also involved in air defense, and missile sites 4 and 5, and the Dehlavan radar station, which were at the disposal of the Iraqi Army, were released, and the Iranian Air Force was able to target 27 Iraqi aircraft. And drop down. Following up on the operation of Jerusalem, due to the talent and the new Iraqi forces' composition, the need to utilize a wider range of offshore facilities and air defenses from Iran was well understood by adopting appropriate operational measures and tactical change of the Iranian Air Force arrangements The Iraqi army was defused, and Khorramshahr was freed by carrying out close support operations for Iranian pilots.

In general, the Army Air Force of the Islamic Republic of Iran was able to provide valuable services to the forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran through the brutality, prowess and vigilance of its soldiers during the holy defense and the donation of martyrs, veterans and many others to protect the homeland and religion of Islam.

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Page last modified: 20-05-2022 17:50:48 ZULU