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Formation of Air Force in Iran

An examination of the memories of the old officers suggests that Iran's ground forces in the year 1298, the late Qajar rule, received the first dual-front support of the English plane while their pilots were also British. That was when, with the support of Mirza Kuchik Khan, the Russian Bolsheviks came to the disintegration of Gilan, and the British, fearing this and the advance of the Russian forces to Tehran and elsewhere, decided that with two planes, the 10,000-strong force of the central government of Iran to suppress the enemy.

Then, with the coup d'état of March 1299, with Reza Khan Sardar Sepah and the formation of a unified force, Reza Khan was thinking of buying a few aircraft to support his ground forces, followed by a Russian plane in Tehran's sky of 1301 which saw the aircraft's parts Was brought to Tehran by a fund and connected to Qajar lands. In the following, Reza Khan decided to plan for the office of the Air Force in his uniform organization at the Branch of the Operation Circle, so that for the first time in the Iranian Army the name of the airline became part of the organization and in fact the core of the Iranian Air Force was formed.

In the airline's office, an air force that supports ground-based operations is planned to implement its plans. In order to implement the plan, the government of Iran, by sending its ambassador to Washington to buy several airplane machines and establishing an airline and training department, The US government negotiated on January 26, 1301, but the negotiations with the government did not make a difference, and the Iranian government was forced to buy the first aircraft of the same year from the German company Yonkers, and next year, the Gilan and Mazandaran Brigades had two other planes of the same type He bought the names of Gilan and Mazandaran and sent them to Tehran, and a few months later Four Volunteers from Russia were purchased from Russia.

Thus, by the end of 1302 Hijri, the Iranian Air Force had seven aircraft, whose pilots and mechanics were German and Russian. Following on to the expansion of the air force in August 1303, the first student delegation of Iran, consisting of ten people to study piloting, went to Russia. In addition, one of the officers who was in June of the same year to study in various military disciplines France was trained in aeronautics.

In late 1303, a German company, Junkers, established a branch in Iran, and launched several aircraft for passenger transportation in the lines of Tehran, Mashhad, Shiraz, Anzali and Bushehr, where the Iranian army gradually began to suppress internal turbulences The planes and pilots used the company as a paid day. In 1304, the Iranian government purchased twenty other aircraft from France, Germany, and Russia, and at the same time it was mission of the Iranian colonel who was outside Iran to fly to Tehran with a newly purchased aircraft from France, and he With that plane, he flew from the military airport of Villa Coppoli, and after landing in a few cities, his route finally landed at Tehran Moghaveh Airport.

In 1305, after the return of Iranian officers from Russia, deployed for aeronautical training and flight in 1303, aviation department was set up with two technical units and, in general, twenty aircraft. In addition to having special numbers, these planes were also called different names such as Eagle, Tayho, Karkas, Shahin, Homa, Gurgae, Quebec and Nightingale.

The following year, after the newly trained officers returned from France to Iran, several other aircraft were also purchased, and the airline received the airline battalion and a training group. Then the second and third group of Iranian students also returned from France, and since the cadre of the airliner and airliner had taken off on Balansbah, an officially appointed office, called the Military Castle, was established. From now on, the development of the airline of Iran was given more attention and students and other officers were sent to pilot schools and technical schools of Russia and France. Ten years after the establishment of the Air Force, the first Iranian activities in the field of air force and the provision of fields of activity in this area felt the need to establish a technical school (mechanic school), and it was planned that twenty air mechanics from the Netherlands To be taught at the technical school that was opened in October, this was postponed for some reason, and was finally established in September 1311 at the Pilot School. Four air officers were recruited from Sweden to teach piloting personnel, which increased their number, and with their work in this field and expansion of this, an aeronautical school was set up to train some technical officers on the Tehran Dashan hill.

In this way, in the year 1311, the Iranian airline organization was: a training group, a battalion and a bombing and exploration battalion, which were subordinate to the party's forces, and, in spite of this, the organization was separated from the ground by a new plan for air warfare. An independent aviation organization composed of a regiment, command and headquarters (consisting of 3 pillars and a headquarters office).

In 1312, with the expansion of the Iranian air force and the growing purchase of warplanes from abroad, the government decided to take steps to purchase airplanes, or at least to reduce their purchase costs, than to establish airplane factories. In the same way, orders were given to European countries such as Germany and the United Kingdom for the purchase of machinery and supplies of equipment, and these machines and equipment, which arrived in Iran in 1314, were installed in the Dashan hill, and they were called Shahbaz Aircraft Plants.

These factories in August 1317 launched the first aircraft flew against Reza Shah.

On December 25, 1314, according to Article 1 of Decree No. 2366, the title of the Iranian military airline changed from air force to air force and was formally notified. Then the Mashhad air regiment and the Ahwaz airliner were established in 1315 and 1316 respectively, and the Iranian national airline started its activities in Iran in 1318 to conduct pilot training in Iran.

By August 19th, when the end of the first Pahlavi regime, the Iranian Air Force has 283 airplanes, command and command and control forces, the units of air units including five regiments (Tabriz, Mashhad, Tehran's bombing regiment, Tehran-Ahang-e Charghi and Ahang-e-Sharqi) and the school But at the same time, with the invasion of Allied forces in Iran, the first blow came from the occupation of the country on this force, which was given to the Ministry of War from October 12, 1320, and became the fifth agency of the ministry.

On the 15th of October, 1320, it was announced that the airline in charge of the relevant domestic affairs was formerly independent and would continue to serve the army as one of the Ministry of War's departments. From that year until 1326, the Air Force did not have significant activity until that year the technical school formed its ninth course and accepted 90 students and technical courses of the officer technical school, special technical classes, technical school and aeronautical school It was formed until 1336.

In 1336, the Air Force headquarters changed to the Air Force Command, and in 1339 an organization called Educational Assistance was established to complete the technical education of students in the training brigade. Then, in 1346, the Bridges Training Course was called the Air Traffic Training Center, which began training six military training, officer, language, electronics, aircraft maintenance, and training specialties in the Air Force.

In 1347 following the increasing presence of advanced aircraft supersonic F-5 and F-4 , the air force to recruit new box as a technician to carry out repair and maintenance of aircraft pay penetrated the Salhadrkhvast order and purchase aircraft F-14 from the America On the agenda, 72 of these planes landed at the Mehr Abad Air Force in February 1974.

In 1979, the Iranian Air Force was seeking to increase the number of its fighters from 447 to 500, which placed Iran in the category of Western countries and above the Middle East.

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Page last modified: 20-05-2022 17:50:48 ZULU