L 20 Magar Class Landing Ship Tank - Large (LST-L)
The Magar class landing ships are amphibious warfare vessels of the Indian Navy, currently in active service. Two ships of the class were designed and built by Hindustan Shipyard Limited, with fitting completed at Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers.It can operate two medium-lift helicopters, To discharge its cargo and most of the troops, it needs to be "beached" through its 'bow-door' (in the front). INS Magar joined the First Training Squadron (1TS) for sea training of young officers on 10 April 2018.
Based on the Sir Lancelot design, these Landing Ship Tank - Large (LST-L) are built at Hindustan SY but fitted at the Garden Reach DY. In fact, GRSE is the only shipyard in India which specialises in designing and building amphibian LST(L) ships for the Indian Navy.
The INS Gharial is one of the largest ships in the Indian Navy, a mammoth Landing Ship Tank - Large (LST-L), capable of carrying two helicopters, one in hangar and one on deck, 10 Vijayanta tanks in her underbelly, and four Landing Craft - Assault (LCA) slung aloft. She is also armed with guns and rocket launchers, which are used to "soften up" a hostile beach before the tanks go in and the LCAs charge in with assault troops.
Reportedly a third of the class with some major design changes was laid down in July 1996, but this was not initially confirmed from reliable sources. Some sources had speculated that completion might take as much as 1 or 2 years. In December 2001, a letter of intent for construction of three LST(L) Shardul landing ship tanks (large), to a modified design, was placed on the Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers Ltd (GRSE) shipyard.
INS Magar, a Landing Ship Tank (large) of the Navy was built by Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Ltd, Kolkata, and commissioned on July 18, 1987. INS Magar, a Landing Ship Tank (large) of the Navy was built by Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Ltd, Kolkata, and commissioned on July 18, 1987.
Over the next 30 years, the ship participated in amphibious exercises, fleet deployment and humanitarian assistance and disaster relief operations. The major operations undertaken by the ship include: Operation Pawan (Indian Peace Keeping Force operations in Sri Lanka), wherein it played a role in movement of logistics supplies to the area of operations and supported the IPKF land forces. The ship has participated in all major amphibious exercises on both seaboards and also undertaken humanitarian and disaster relief operations on numerous occasions.
The noteworthy operation was during the 2004 tsunami, wherein the ship provided relief to 1,300 survivors. INS Magar was commanded by Commander Praveen Kumar Sinha, a marine commando who is a qualified "saturation diver" and specialised in counter-terrorist operations and explosive ordnance disposal.
By November 2017 the Navy was firming up its plans to carry out a role conversion of the amphibious ship Magar to undertake cadet training in the wake of its plans to get two cadet training ships built for the purpose coming to naught. Magar, a landing ship and the lead vessel of the class, is expected to be sent soon either to the Cochin shipyard or the Naval Ship Repair Yard (Kochi) for full-scale conversion, during which it will get smart classrooms and other cadet training facilities before being attached to the First Training Squadron of the Navy.
The Southern Naval Command was augmented with the arrival of INS Magar from Vishakhapatnam in April 2018. The ship was welcomed by Rear Admiral RJ Nadkarni, Chief of Staff, headquarters of Southern Naval Command. The ship would join the first training squadron for training young officers. Over the next few weeks, it would undergo modification for accommodating sea trainees, prior to commencing her training role.
INS Gharial (L23) is a Magar-class amphibious warfare vessel of the Indian Navy. It is a Landing Ship Tank (LST) (Large). In September 2017 India sent its landing ship, INS Gharial to deliver relief materials for Rohingyas in Chittagong, Bangladesh. The country delivered 95,000 customised family pack units totalling around 1000 tons as part of Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) mission codenamed Operation Insaniyat. As part of the humanitarian assistance being provided by the Government of India to Bangladesh as aid to Rohingya refugees, Indian Naval Ship Gharial arrived at Chittagong on 28 September 2017 with around 900 tonnes of relief material. The relief material in customised family packets contain essential items including rations, clothes and mosquito nets and is likely to cater to approximately 70,000 families.
|Displacement||Full - 5655|
|Armament|| 4 x 40 mm Bofors |
2 multi barrel rocket launchers
|Aircraft||1 x Sea King 42C (Platform for 2)|
|Crew||16 (Officers) |
|Magar||L 20||Hindustan + GRSE||15 Jul 87|
|Gharial||L 23||Hindustan + GRSE||Dec 93||14 Feb 97||training|
|Hindustan + GRSE||July 1996??||RUMOR|