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Karnataka - Background

Karnataka is a state of diverse cultures, languages and faiths and the economic and social scenario within the state, in many ways, mirrors the scenario prevalent in the country itself.

The state of Karnataka, situated in the south-western part of the country, is India’s eighth largest state in terms of geographical area with 191,791 km2. According to the Provisional Census 2011, Karnataka’s population is 61.1 million. The state has 176 ta-luks presently divided into 30 districts. The state has an urban population of 37%1 and is currently ranked as the fifth most urbanized state in India. With 19.96% forest cover, the largest connected range of which is formed by the Western Ghats, the state also acts as carbon sink. A total of 104 lakh hectares land is under cultivation. The state has wit-nessed a high rate of urbanization and development in particularly the last two decades. In 2004-05 Karnataka’s contribution to India’s GDP was 5.2%, slightly more than its population share.

Major tourist attractions of the state are Bangalore, famous for various parks (Cubbon Park and Lalbhag for instance) and industries, former princely capital Mysore with the Brindavan Gardens and Srirangapattana (the capital of Tipu Sultan) nearby, Sharavanabelgola, famous pilgrimage centre of Jainism (Here is the monolithic 57 feet high statue of Gomateshwara), Belur, Halebidu and Somnathpura with famous Hoysala monuments, Badami, Aihole and Pattadkal for the 1,300 year old rock-cut and structural temples; Hampi, the famous open air museum (ancient Vijaynagar), Gulbarga, Bidar and Bijapur, renowned for their Indo-saracenic monuments, Mangalore and Karwar for ports and beaches; Gokarna, Udupi, Dharmasthala, Melkote, Gangapura and Saundatti are famous for pilgrimage centers.



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Page last modified: 16-04-2018 18:45:32 ZULU