Goa - Climate
Goa has hot climate as it lies within the tropics. There is no much change in climate through out the year. Daily temperature range is not very high. Goa gets rains in the months June, July, August and September. June-September is the monsoon season here. The rainfall is more in the mountain region than the coastal region. Goa gets heavy rain from South-West monsoon winds. Goa has cool climate during then months October-January. It starts getting warmer from February and it remains till May.
Rice is the most important crop in Goa. Due to warm humid climate rice is mainly grown here and it grown in the coastal region. After rainy season, rice, chilies, onions crops are grown in Goa. Cash crops are also grown in Goa. Mainly plantation of Cashew, Coconut, Mangoes, Areca palm, Kokum and Jack fruit is done in Goa.
By the end of 2019 Goa was the only state yet to submit its draft climate change. In August 2019 Government engaged the National Bank For Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) Consultancy Services for the preparation of the State Action Plan for Climate Change in Goa. Compared to any other coastal state in India, Goa is most vulnerable to impact of global warming, climate change and sea level rise. Rising water levels as well as large scale soil and sand erosion during the monsoon period has been a cause of worry in the coastal state, whose economy is heavily dependent on coastal tourism.
Goa is a happy accident of nature. Nature would take back from Goa what it had created in the past. Only hilly areas and plateaus would escape the nature’s fury. Do not buy property in any area of Goa which is just 1 to 15 m above mean sea level. Do not buy property in Goa in areas with geological faults and weak rocky strata and soil. Do not buy property in Goa where thunderbolts would strike with higher frequency due to peculiar local conditions. Do not buy property in areas subject to cloudbursts-short spells of intense rains. Climate change research points to possibility that all the properties in low lying areas would have zero value in coming decades. That would include Caranzalem, Miramar, Campal belt and the ribbon development in Bardez and Salcete.
The present model of Global Sea Level Rise (GSLR) predicts that about five percent of land of state of Goa, 18000 hectares, would be claimed by the advancing sea. Actually when the rising waves strike the damage would be worse. There is little hope for estuarine islands in Mandvoi and all the low lying Khazan lands. Only the hillocks of Divar, Chorao and Santo Estevam would rise above the waters. There is no way such irreversible submergence can be stopped.
Unless systematically shifted to higher grounds in ecologically secure locations, the dense population in Salcete , between west bank of river Sal and Arabian sea would be wiped out to due to GSLR. Calculations of present land use shows that only 43000 hectares of land in Goa is left for any sort of legal , permissible development. For thousands of years to come the development would have to be restricted to such a ridiculously small parcel of land unless we sacrifice all the agricultural lands. While many middle class and poor Goans can’t afford to buy a small piece of land and property in their own motherland, their wealthy kiths and kins are selling old ancestral houses, land, property, whole hillocks, beachside scenic properties, farmlands, antiques and furniture to people outside Goa and India.
The local impacts of climate change include trees flowering early, birds breeding early, mushrooms sprouting at unusual time, insects proliferating in off seasons, termites mounting voracious attacks on household furniture, a beautiful rainbow in middle of warm February, sudden development of mini tornadoes or dust devils lifting garbage sky high, increasing number of lightning bolts striking the ground, erratic rains, long dry spells in monsoon followed by intense showers, high intensity rains in September, a cloudburst dropping half a meter of rain and causing unprecedented floods in Canacona, sudden intrusion by sea in Canacona and Pernem damaging the canoes, continuous coastal erosion, satellites reporting Goa’s atmosphere covered in ‘smoke’ , sudden spurt in respiratory illnesses, allergies, skin diseases, viral diseases, water reservoirs rapidly going dry- all these are indicators of climate change
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