Three More Units
From 2003 to 2013, Russia delivered to India six frigates of project 11356 which were built at the Baltiysky Zavod in St. Petersburg and at the Yantar Shipyard in Kaliningrad. The first three vessels were equipped with Klub-N cruise missiles; the others were armed with BrahMos cruise missiles of Russian-Indian production.
The Indian government expressed interest to jointly produce project 11356 frigates on its territory, Oleg Shumakov, director of the Yantar Shipyard, told RIA Novosti 20 May 2015.
'After we completed a series of three Indian orders, we hoped that India would continue partnership. What is more, the Indian Defense Ministry said the county's navy needed three-four more vessels of that class. Currently, they are examining a scenario to produce such ships at home, of course, with our participation and under our guidance,' Shumakov said.
Shumakov also noted that frigates which are planned to be built in India will equipped with more advanced weapons than actual vessels of the project. 'According to our plan, those ships will be of the same class, but with different weapons. Weaponry progresses non-stop, so, I think, the new vessel will be equipped with something more advanced. However, as for its seagoing capabilities, it will be the same. Now we are consulting with our Indian colleagues on all the aspects of the project,' Shumakov added.
Frigates of project 11356 are armed to fight against surface warships and submarines as well as to repel aerial attacks – both separately and in formation. They are equipped with versatile missiles, artillery guns and advanced radio-technical devices for anti-submarine and anti-aircraft defense. Vessels of the project have a displacement of nearly 4,000 tons, a length of 125 meters, a speed of 30 knots (56 kmh), and a crew of 180.
Russia is considering the sale to India of three Project 11356 patrol ships that were expected to join the Russian Navy but lack Ukraine-built gas turbine engines (GTEs), a Russian military-technical cooperation source said 02 October 2015.
Ukraine failed to deliver three out of six GTEs, ordered by Russia. The first three warships of the project were equipped with GTEs manufactured in Ukraine. "There is an instruction to consider the possibility of selling [the three ships], if the Indians want them, and finishing construction works here [in Russia]. But it is necessary for the Indians to purchase the engines from Ukraine first," the source told RIA Novosti.
In September 2015, India's Ambassador to Russia, P.S. Raghavan, said his country intended to maintain cooperation with the Yantar shipyard in Russia's exclave of Kaliningrad, the manufacturer of the patrol ships. Since 2003, Russia had provided six frigates to India under Project 11356, built in the Russian cities of Kaliningrad and St. Petersburg.
India and Russia have reached an agreement on the sale of three Admiral Grigorovich-class (Project 11356) guided missile frigates IHS Jane’s Defense Weekly reported 04 August 2016. Speculation persists that the deal resulted from the export ban imposed in the wake of the Ukrainian conflict that left Russia to find a replacement turbine engine for the frigate. "The relevant concealed agreement has been achieved, and India will receive the second three of Project 11356 frigates being built for the Russian Navy," said a source within Russia’s defense industry. "The Indian side has obtained 12 spare tool and accessory kits for the ships."
The development is consistent with suspicions that the Russian Navy has abandoned plans to add six to nine Admiral Grigorovich-class vessels to its fleet over the next decade—as was laid out in the initial 2030 shipbuilding program—and will field only three such ships into the navy. The suspected reason for Russia’s decision to export the three ships – two of which are currently under construction – is that the Admiral Grigorovich is powered by M90FR gas turbines built by Zorya-Mashproekt in Ukraine, a premier Russian surface shipbuilder dating back to the Soviet era.
Krivak class frigates will be powered by M90FR gas turbines designed and built by Zorya-Mashproekt in Ukraine. Following the Russia-Ukraine conflict, Ukraine had stopped the supply of the engines. India convinced Ukraine to provide engines that can be fitted in the improved Krivak class frigates that India is to purchase from Russia. India's Defense Minister Manohar Parrikar said that a consensus had been reached with Ukraine for power plants to be fitted in the Russian made frigates. "Discussions started long back. The only problem was because of the Ukraine-Russia conflict as the ship's power plant is Ukrainian. Now, we will buy the power plant and fit it on the ship."
During the India-Russia annual summit held in Goa earlier in October 2016, an inter-governmental agreement was signed wherein it was stipulated that India would buy four improved Krivak class stealth frigates from Russia. The basic structure of two frigates has already been completed in Russia, while the other two frigates would be constructed at Indian shipyards with associated technology transfer. "All Indian equipment will be fitted on the frigate. So, it is a stealth variety where we are involved in the design," Parrikar said. It is expected that a brief discussion on the purchase of stealth frigates was held during the Indo-Russian Inter Governmental Commission on Military Technical Cooperation meeting on 26 October 2016 in New Delhi.
India's Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) approved the procurement of four frigates from Russia at a cost around $2 billion. The deal involving four frigates for the Navy has received the green signal from the cabinet committee on 03 October 2018. Two would be built in a Russian Shipyard, with the other two would be built in India. This left the status of ex-Admiral Kornikov unclear - this Russian built unit was initially slated to be among three to be sold to India.
India had already contracted with Ukraine for acquiring M7N.1E gas turbine engines for powering the two frigates which were almost fully built at Russia's Yantar Shipyard at Kaliningrad. The two frigates were originally designed to be fitted with Ukraine built gas turbine engines but after the Crimean fallout, Russia stopped importing the engines from Ukraine, rendering the fleet of little use for the Russian Navy. After acquiring the engines from Ukraine, India would supply them to Yantar shipyard to be integrated into the frigate. The frigate would be also integrated with BrahMos missiles. Russia and India in 2016 agreed to utilize the frigates for the Indian Navy, which was already operating its predecessor, the Talwar class frigates. The two other frigates would be built at the Goa Shipyard Limited (GSL) facility for which Ukraine will supply the engine as well.
Russia and India in November 2018 signed contracts for the supply of four frigates of project 11356. The deal assumes that two frigates will be built in the Russian Federation at the Baltic Yantar Shipyard, two more will be built at the Indian shipyard Goa Shipyard Limited. As previously reported by the head of the United Shipbuilding Corporation Alexei Rakhmanov, the first two frigates of project 11356 for India will be built in Russia in three years.
The Baltic shipbuilding plant "Yantar" (part of the United Shipbuilding Corporation) will complete the construction of two frigates of the project 11356 for the Indian Navy by 2023. This was announced to journalists in Kaliningrad on 26 April 2019 by the general director of Rosoboronexport JSC (included in Rostec) Alexander Mikheev. "All schedules and production programs have signed, the load will be enterprises until 2022-2023, more than 60 enterprises participate in cooperation on the implementation of this project. 2022-2023 is a surrender in accordance with the existing contractual obligations of two ships [under construction in Kaliningrad]" - said Mikheev.
He added that the construction contract was signed, in the near future advance payments for the start of construction work are expected. “I think that within two to three weeks,” said the general director of the company. The head of Rosoboronexport noted that under the existing contract it is planned to build two more frigates of the project 11356 in cooperation with Indian shipyards. "This is already an industrial partnership with technology transfer," he said.
The Indian side has shown interest in the frigate construction project as a whole. "They showed interest in this pair [of the frigates being built in Kaliningrad], the second pair comes from the shipyard in India, then we are also discussing the future development of this project," said the head of Rosoboronexport.
Project 11356 frigates are designed to attack enemy surface ships and submarines both in the near and in the ocean maritime zones, to fight against air targets, both independently and as part of a ship warrant. The frigates of this type are armed with 100-mm A-190 artillery, missile drums (the Caliber of the Russian ships and the Brahmos of the Indian ships) and anti-aircraft complexes, torpedo weapons. The ship can be based helicopter type Ka-27 and its modifications.
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