Amogha Anti-Tank Guided Missile (ATGM)
India's state-owned Bharat Dynamics Limited, besides the SACLOS Amogha-I & Amogha-II anti-tank guided missiles (ATGM), are also developing an imaging infrared seeker equipped 3rd generation fire and forget ATGM called Amogha-III. The lead taken by the Nation to develop indigenous, sophisticated and contemporary missiles through the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP), gave BDL an opportunity to be closely involved in the programme, wherein it was identified as the Prime Production Agency. This opened up a plethora of opportunities to assimilate advanced manufacturing and programme management technologies and skills.
The name amogha means fearlessness, the not erring, the not failing, not vain, efficacious, succeeding, hitting the mark. Amogha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, and Marathi. Amogha is the God of fearlessness, confidence, will-power and concentration. Amogha's siddhi is the indestructible lightning bolt that purifies volition, dissolves karma, and liberates action. The a strange—looking herb called Amogha (Never Failing) is poisonous, as is his breath, and his touch and bite are poisonous as well. Nurtured by a pool of talented engineers drawn from DRDO and aerospace industries, BDL began its journey by producing the 1st Generation Anti -Tank Guided Missile (ATGM) - the French SS11B1. This product was a culmination of a Licence Agreement the Government of India entered into with Aerospatiale, French Republic.
On successful completion of the SS11B1 project, BDL embarked on production of 2nd generation ATGMs – the French MILAN-2 and Russian Konkurs. These projects were taken up under licence production with technical collaboration from M/s. Euromissile, France and M/s. KBP, Tula, Russia respectively. These products covered a broad spectrum of the requirements of the Indian Army’s infantry and mechanized infantry forces.
BDL has been working closely with the user as well as the OEM in the upgradation of ATGMs to the class of tandem warhead ATGMs. MILAN - 2 has been upgraded to MILAN - 2T with a tandem warhead to defeat the ERA fitted to modern battle tanks. Similarly, Konkurs ATGM has been upgraded to Konkurs - M ATGM with a tandem warhead, with a similar advantage. This has led to providing more teeth to the soldier on the battlefield and mechanized infantry forces.
In October 2014 India opted to buy Israel's Spike anti-tank guided missile, rejecting a rival US offer of Javelin missiles that Washington had lobbied hard to win. India will buy at least 8,000 Spike missiles and more than 300 launchers in a deal worth ? 3200 crores ($525 million), it was decided at a meeting of the Defence Acquisition Council.
Amogha-I is a Semi-Automatic Command to line of Sight (SACLOS) Anti-Tank Guided Missile (ATGM) for infantry. Missile design has been validated by conducting test firings. Amogha-1, an indigenously-developed second generation, Anti-Tank Guided Missile having a range of 2.8 km, was successfully test-fired at Babina Army in September 2015. This was the first-ever design and developmental effort in respect of missiles by Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL), Hyderabad, according to BDL. Two missiles were fired on September 10 and both have hit the target placed at 2.6 km and 2.8 km respectively. Both the flights were without any deviation from the designed path profile and met all design parameters. "This is the first ever design and developmental effort in respect of missiles by BDL, Hyderabad. Amogha-I missiles will be offered to the army after due qualification and validation trials," BDL said. Missiles were being manufactured for further trials and qualification. BDL received Hon’ble Raksha Mantri’s Award for Excellence for Amogha-I Anti- Tank Guided Missiles in Innovation category on 30 May 2017.
Amogha-II is a Radio Frequency guidance, Semi-Automatic Command to line of Sight (SACLOS) ATGM for mechanized infantry [Air Launched ??}. The development of the missile was under progress as of 2019. Test firing of Amogha-II from Ground launcher was successful on 14 October 2017.
Amogha-III is a 3rd generation fire and forget IIR seeker based ATGM. Prototypes of all the sub-assemblies of the missile are being developed as per in-house design. Pop-out test which is the first milestone of the project wassuccess fully conducted twice during the 2018-2019. System configuration has been finalized as of early 2019, when design of sub-systems was under progress.
Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) launched its new product, the Amogha–III, during Defexpo-2020. The first model was handed over 07 February 2020 by CMD, BDL, Cmde Siddharth Mishra (Retd) to Hon’ble Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh in the presence of Hon’ble Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh Shri Yogi Adityanath, Hon’ble Raksha Rajya Mantri Shri Shripad Yesso Naik, Secretary(Defence), Dr Ajay Kumar, Dr G. Satheesh Reddy, Secretary, Dept of Defence R&D, Chairman, DRDO.
Amogha–III was designed and developed by BDL with the support of DRDO. It is a Third Generation fire and forget Anti-Tank Guided Missile with Dual mode IIR Seeker having a range of 200 to 2500 meters. Equipped with a Tandem warhead, Amogha-III has a Top/direct attack mode and is Man portable. Amogha-III has a conventional cylindrical body with eight mid-body foldable fins, and four relatively larger aft fins, for flight stabilisation. Amogha-III's comparatively simple configuration features a BDL-developed smokeless, signature free, dual-thrust solid rocket motor with thrust vector control (TVC) and a dual mode – imaging infrared (IIR) and electro-optical (EO) – seeker assembly for terminal homing. The missile is fired in lock-on-before launch (LOBL) mode. The Amogha-III's anti-armor tandem warhead is claimed to be able to penetrate in excess of 650 mm beyond Explosive Reactive Armour (ERA).
The Amogha-III – as displayed at the Defexpo show – had a stated operational range of 200-2,500 m and weighed 18 kg. BDL noted that the production model will be lighter, and that the company intend to keep the missile weight between 15-16 kg. The company declined to disclose the other specifications. The complete missile system features an Amogha-III missile and a tripod, and a command launch unit (CLU) with remote operation capability.
BDL described the status of the missile as ‘under development’. “We have completed design and development of the missile within two years (began in 2017) and it is currently under [developmental] testing phase, but we have not yet completed the qualification of the missile. This is a completely internally funded project and after satisfactory test results, it will be offered to our (Indian Army) armed force,” BDL officials, told Jane’s. It will be commercialized after successful completion of user trials.
On Feb. 6, 2020 the Javelin™ Joint Venture, a partnership of Raytheon Company (NYSE: RTN) and Lockheed Martin (NYSE: LMT), signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) to explore co-production of the Javelin anti-tank missile system to fulfill potential future requirements of the Indian Ministry of Defence. “We look forward to working with BDL, a leading guided weapon system manufacturer, to evaluate the possibility of manufacturing Javelin in India,” said David Pantano, Javelin Joint Venture vice president. “With BDL’s 50 years of experience, combined with Javelin’s reliability and proven performance, we are excited to see how this partnership will support the needs of the Indian Ministry of Defence.”
Commodore Siddharth Mishra (Retd.), CMD, Bharat Dynamics Limited stated that BDL’s thrust in the coming years will be to continue to invest in infrastructure, automate its production lines, adopt continual process improvement and exports. Javelin is a versatile one-man-portable and platform-employed anti-tank and multi-target precision weapon system. Using state-of the-art “fire-and-forget” technology capable of defeating targets up to 4 kilometers in most operational conditions, the weapon guides itself to the target without external commands, controls or target designation.
Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL), a Government of India Enterprise under the Ministry of Defence was established in Hyderabad in the year 1970 to be a manufacturing base for guided missiles and allied defence equipment. Nurtured by a pool of talented engineers drawn from DRDO and aerospace industries, BDL began its journey by producing the 1st Generation Anti -Tank Guided Missile (ATGM) - the SS11B1. BDL has three manufacturing units, located at Kanchanbagh, Hyderabad, T.S., Bhanur, Medak district, T.S. and Visakhapatnam, A.P. Two New Units are planned at Ibrahimpatnam, Ranga Reddy district, T.S. and Amravathi, Maharashtra.