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Rosomak (Wolverine) wheeled armored vehicle

KTO Rosomak (Kolowy Transporter Opancerzony Rosomak) was designed by the Finnish company Patria Vehicles Oy under the name AMV (Armoured Modular Vehicle). In December 2002 the design was selected by Poland in the tender for wheeled armored personnel carriers. According to the contract production of 690 vehicles was ordered at the Military Mechanical Works in Siemianowice Slaskie.

For the delivery of six hundred and ninety APCs Ministry of Defence would pay in the years from 2003 to 2012 nearly 5 billion zlotys (actual cost will be higher due to the unplanned strengthening armor and modification of armored personnel carriers for the Polish military contingents). This amount also included the cost of 313 turreted OTO Melara 30 mm HITFIST from Italy for 308 million USD (including 241 built in Poland under license). The estimated market price of one Rosomak in the basic version was about 5 million PLN, combat 10 million PLN, while a special version of ISAF up to 15 million PLN.

Decision of the Chief of General Staff of 31 December 2004. Adopted transporter to weapons. The first transporter Wolverine were transferred army 8 January 2005. (Three in the combat version of the HITFIST-30P turret and 6 basic unarmed vehicles). The first user was 17 Mechanised Brigade of Mezritsh.

An audit in 2012 revealed a number of instances of negligence in carrying out the project by Polish investors, including too many changes in specifications and delivery schedule, inefficient execution of offset requirements from contractors, inept construction of non-hedging contracts adequately the interests of the investor. One of the biggest problems was the lack of a license agreement AMP from the offset, which put into question the continued production of transporter.

In July 2013 it has been extended by 10 years the license to produce Rosomak the company Patria Land Service. On July 3, 2015. Prime Minister Ewa Kopacz with the Prime Minister of Slovakia Robert Fico signed an agreement for the supply of Slovakia in 3 years 30 Rosomak, in the variant Scipio, developed in cooperation with the Slovak company EVP.

At the end of 2005 there was a gradual (though not total) Polonization of Rosomaks production. The first copy produced in Poland was presented 14 December 2005. Modules chassis (frame powertrain) originally were produced in Finland, since mid-2007. The company Komas Sp. z oo in Janow Lubelski belongs to the Finnish Komas Oy.

By July 2016 the Polish and Slovakian governments were negotiating the purchase of eight-wheel drive Rosomak armored modular vehicles (AMV) by Slovakia. The announcement by Poland followed unsubstantiated news reports that Slovakia's Defense Ministry had scrapped the acquisition plan. After information about the deal began to surface from the sidelines of the NATO Summit in Warsaw, an unnamed Slovak Defense Ministry official told Slovakian media outlet SME that the project was "stopped due to military and economic disadvantageousness for Slovakia."

Bartlomiej Misiewicz, the Polish Defense Ministry spokesperson, said negotiations "will be continued, as indicated by the talks by the defense ministers of Poland and Slovakia that took place during NATO's summit in Warsaw." Under the original plan discussed by the two parties, the Slovak military was to acquire 30 vehicles, which are built by the Polish arms manufacturer Rosomak S.A., within a three-year period in what would be the single largest Polish-Slovak military deal in history.

The two governments initially signed a letter of intent to cooperate on military transactions in July 2015. Following the signing, Poland's then-Prime Minister Ewa Kopacz announced that Rosomak S.A. would obtain more than $30 million from the contract. The deal would also bring jobs to the Slovakian economy with the country's defense industry slated to produce the tank's turret. The deal was designed to enable the Slovak Armed Forces to replace the outdated OT-64 SKOT armored personnel carriers first designed in the 1960s.

Slovakia and Russia are long-time allies potentially complicating the deal as the Polish government under President Andrzej Duda had become increasingly hostile towards Moscow serving as a staging ground for a series of massive wargames along the Polish-Russian border culminating in June with the Anaconda War Games featuring over 30,000 troops unfortunately scheduled for the 75th anniversary of the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union. The Polish government has called on NATO to provide a permanent troop presence to shield Warsaw from Russian aggression.

The army ordered 60 Rosomak S armored personnel carriers on 15 September 2020. A version adapted to carry Spike-LR anti-tank guided missile launchers. In the future, It will strengthen the cover of the north-eastern border of Poland. The contract value is PLN 105 million. The deliveries of the equipment will start in 2021 and will last two years.

The Spike-LR anti-tank sets are a weapon developed by the Israeli Rafael in the 1990s. The contract for the supply of the system for the Polish Armed Forces was signed in 2003. At that time, the contract contained offset commitments, which allowed for building conditions for the production of essential parts of the sets in Mesko in Skarzysko. Including propulsion components or warheads. The first ready-to-use Spike sets were delivered to the military in 2004. Currently, they are in approx. 53 percent. manufactured under license by the Mesko company, in cooperation with the Israeli producer - Rafael.



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Page last modified: 06-06-2021 18:19:55 ZULU