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Military


Poland - Patriot

The acquisition of Patriot missile batteries was seen as a non-starter for Poland. A RAND report costed out two acquisition options: 4 batteries and one HQ at $4.5-5 billion, or 12 batteries and 3 HQs at $13.5 billion. An "enhanced configuration" for the batteries (as originally requested in the Poles' "Annex 1") would raise cost by 50-60%. Option two could cost as much as $22.4 billion. In short, the costs would exceed Poland's military procurement budget for the next 8-10 years and preclude modernization in any other areas.

Poland announced 22 April 2015 it would buy Raytheon's Patriot missiles from the United States. "For the armed forces' technical modernization and the Polish armed forces' resilience to be effective, the so-called anti-missile shield… had to become the priority of priorities," said Polish President Bronislaw Komorowski. Poland will enter exclusive talks with the US government on the Patriot missile defense system. It planned to buy eight missile batteries by 2025, including two within three years of signing. A consortium of France's Thales and European group MBDA was also competing for the $5 billion missile defense contract — the largest in Poland's military history.

An opening ceremony commemorating the first training rotation between U.S. Army Europe and Polish Armed Forces on the U.S. Patriot Missile System was held 26 May 2010. This was the first time a U.S. missile system has come to Poland for the new training program intended to familiarize Polish armed forces on the Patriot system and other air defense techniques.

A Patriot missile battery from U.S. Army Europe's 10th Army Air and Missile Defense Command, or AAMDC, began arriving 18 March 2016, after a 1,200-kilometer tactical road movement, as part of a combined air and missile defense exercise with its Polish allies. Delta Battery, 5th Battalion, 7th Air Defense Artillery Regiment is participating in the weeklong exercise - a series of activities within the framework of Operation Atlantic Resolve. Delta Battery trained with its Polish counterparts in the 37th Missile Squadron of Air Defense.

Poland's defense minster said 31 March 2017 that he expected to sign a multibillion-dollar deal with U.S. firm Raytheon to buy eight Patriot missile defense systems. Antoni Macierewicz told reporters in Warsaw that the $7.6 billion deal was necessary in light of what he called "a growing threat from the East." Poland has increased efforts to modernize its military since Russia annexed Crimea from Ukraine three years ago. "Those systems allow us to guarantee the security of the Polish state," Macierewicz said.

In November 2017, the US Congress greenlighted a deal for 16 launchers and 208 interceptor missiles PAC-3 MSE, along with radiolocation stations for Poland’s mobile medium-range defense system. The US State Department made a determination approving a possible Foreign Military Sale to Poland for an Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD) Battle Command System (IBCS)-enabled Patriot Configuration-3+ with Modernized Sensors and Components for an estimated cost of $10.5 billion. The Defense Security Cooperation Agency delivered the required certification notifying Congress of this possible sale on November 14, 2017.

The Government of Poland requested to purchase phase one of a two- phase program for an Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD) Battle Command System (IBCS)-enabled Patriot Configuration-3+ with Modernized Sensors and Components consisting of four (4) AN/MPQ-65 radar sets, four (4) engagement control stations, four (4) Radar Interface Units (RIU) modification kits, sixteen (16) M903 Launching stations adapted, eighteen (18) Launcher Integrated Network Kits (LINKs) (includes two (2) spares), two hundred and eight (208) Patriot Advanced Capabilty-3 (PAC-3) Missile Segment Enhancement (MSE) missiles, eleven (11) PAC-3 MSE test missiles, IBCS software, two (2) future operations – IBCS Engagement Operations Centers (EOCs), six (6) current operations-IBCS EOCs, six (6) engagement operations-IBCS EOCs, fifteen (15) Integrated Fire Control Network (IFCN relays, four (4) Electrical Power Plants (EPP) III, and five (5) Multifunctional Information Distribution Systems/Low Volume Terminals (MIDS/LVTs).

Also included with this request are communications equipment, tools and test equipment, range and test programs, support equipment, prime movers, generators, publications and technical documentation, training equipment, spare and repair parts, personnel training, Technical Assistance Field Team (TAFT), U.S. Government and contractor technical, engineering, and logistics support services, Systems Integration and Checkout (SICO), field office support, and other related elements of logistics and program support. The total estimated program cost is $10.5 billion.

This proposed sale will support the foreign policy and national security objectives of the United States by helping to improve the security of a NATO ally which has been, and continues to be an important force for political stability and economic progress in Europe. This sale is consistent with U.S. initiatives to provide key allies in the region with modern systems that will enhance interoperability with U.S. forces and increase security.

Poland will use the IBCS-enabled Patriot missile system to improve its missile defense capability, defend its territorial integrity, and deter regional threats. The proposed sale will increase the defensive capabilities of the Polish Military to guard against hostile aggression and shield the NATO allies who often train and operate within Poland’s borders. Poland will have no difficulty absorbing this system into its armed forces. The proposed sale of these missiles and equipment will not alter the basic military balance in the region. The prime contractors will be Raytheon Corporation in Andover, Massachusetts, Lockheed-Martin in Dallas, Texas, and Northrop Grumman in Falls Church, Virginia. The purchaser requested offsets. At this time, offset agreements are undetermined and will be defined in negotiations between the purchaser and contractors. Implementation of this proposed sale will require approximately 42 U.S. Government and 55 contractor representatives to travel to Poland for an extended period for equipment de-processing/fielding, system checkout, training, and technical and logistics support.

On 28 March 2018 Poland signed a $4.75 billion deal to purchase US air-defense Patriot missile systems. Claiming it wants to have “friendly relations” with its neighbors, Poland said it’s best when friendship is enhanced by military strength. "It is an extraordinary, historic moment; it is Poland's introduction into a whole new world of state-of-the-art technology, modern weaponry, and defensive means," Poland's President Andrzej Duda said during the signing ceremony.

“The first Patriot systems will reach Poland in 2022, and the next ones in 2024,” Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki told public broadcaster TVP Info on Tuesday, adding that the agreement “has been very well negotiated.” The missile defense systems are expected to “ensure the security of our sky in an unprecedented way,” he said. According to Morawiecki, the Patriot systems utilize the latest technology, which the US is only selling to Poland. “This is proof of our close solidarity as allies, that the Americans trust Poland.”

The Patriot system is a long-range missile defense system designed to protect against aircraft, drones, and ballistic or cruise missiles. The long-range, high-altitude, all-weather solution has been tested over 3,000 times, according to Raytheon. The contract comes with an offset package designed to “increase the production capacity of Polish plants.” The prime minister added that this offset package would enable Poland to “develop new military solutions in cooperation with the US.”

Speaking about the already strained relations with Moscow, Morawiecki maintains that Warsaw wants to have friendly ties with its neighbors, including Russia, but"it would be best if the friendly relations were enhanced by our military strength.” To justify the costly project, Poland’s defense minister relied on the familiar narrative of the “Russian threat.”



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Page last modified: 03-04-2018 18:10:41 ZULU