Patriot TMD - Foreign Military Sales
|Japan||120 + 16 PAC-3|
|Poland||8 x 6-8|
|United Arab Emirates||+|
The U.S. Army had two important Patriot initiatives underway in 2013 – “Pure Fleet” and “Grow the Army.” Pure Fleet involves upgrading all its tactical fire units to Configuration-3, Patriot’s most advanced version. And Grow the Army adds two battalions to the force structure, providing greater flexibility and more assets to meet air and missile defense requirements.
The original Patriot customers in the Middle East - Jordan, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and now the UAE, are investing in the PAC-3 upgrade program. New potential Patriot PAC-3 buyers as of 2012 included Qatar as well as Turkey, Poland and India. With over 200 fire units fielded worldwide, Patriot is a system of choice for 12 nations around the globe, including the U.S. and five NATO nations. Greece and Saudi Arabia are interested in upgrades or additional fire units, and Turkey, Qatar and Poland are interested in acquiring Patriot protection.
By 2012, more than 60% of the work was sourced from overseas, including Saudi Arabia. A decade earlier, 60% of the Patriot system was produced in the US. As part of Raytheon’s upgrade modernisation program for Patriot, Ratheon actively sought investment from overseas. This $400 million program started in 2008 and includes a $160m development cost for new radars with 20% US funding and 80% and new missiles & launchers using 100% overseas funding, with the UAE contributing to this program.
|Country||Date of Sale||Quantity||Total Cost $M||Memo|
|Taiwan||10/12/2011||386||1664.5||FMS Case TW-B-YYV, Amendment 4, ninety-six PAC-3 missile 4-packs, PAC-3 missile test 2 pack, ground support equipment, and spares.|
|United Arab Emirates||11/20/2008||292||1480.2||FMS Case AE-B-ZUG , seventy-two PAC-3 missile 4-packs, two PAC-3 missile test 2 packs, ground support equipment, and spares.|
|Germany||11/21/2007||25||87.1||FMS Case GY-B-WZC, six PAC-3 missile 4-packs, and one test missile.|
|Japan||12/9/2004||16||56.8||FMS Case JA-B-WYN, eight PAC-3 missile 2-packs.|
|Netherlands||4/21/2004||32||99.1||FMS Case NE-B-WBV, eight PAC-3 missile 4-packs.|
In February 1999 the Greek MoD ordered three Patriot PAC-3 batteries for the replacment of the overaged Nike/Hercules Air Defence system. The new PAC-3 will equip the Hellenic Air Force 350 Tactical Missile Wing. Meanwhile three PAC-2 batteries (ex US Army) were delivered in October 1999.
In September 2002 Israel enhanced its air-defense system by deploying three additional Patriot Missile batteries: near Haifa in the north; near Gedera in central Israel; and near Eilat, at the southern tip. Reserve soldiers trained to operate the mobile missile batteries were called to duty on emergency orders.
Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)
The United States significantly increased the deployment of missile defense systems, specifically Patriot and Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense (Aegis-BMD), to the Persian Gulf. The increase from no missile defense assets in 2005 to two Patriot battalions spread across four Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries was specifically intended for Iran. According to published Department of Defense reviews and statements from United States officials, the increase in forward presence is intended to deter an Iranian regional missile attack and to assure GCC partners of the US resolve in the region. The BMD package was eight Patriot missile batteries [equaling two Patriot battalions], two in each of four countries - Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, and UAE] with a continuous augmentation of Aegis cruisers on patrol in the Persian Gulf.
On Octover 1, 2014 the US State Department made a determination approving a possible Foreign Military Sale to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for a Patriot Air Defense System with PAC-3 enhancement and associated equipment, parts, training and logistical support for an estimated cost of $1.750 billion. The Defense Security Cooperation Agency delivered the required certification notifying Congress of this possible sale on September 30, 2014.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia requested a possible sale of 202 Patriot Advanced Capability (PAC) -3 Missiles with containers, and 1 Guidance Enhanced Missile (GEM) Flight Test Target/Patriot as a Target. Also included are 2 PAC-3 Telemetry Kits, 6 Fire Solution Computers, 36 Launcher Station Modification Kits, 2 Missile Round Trainers, 2 PAC-3 Slings, 6 Patriot Automated Logistics Systems Kits, 6 Shorting Plugs, spare and repair parts, lot validation and range support, ground support equipment, repair and return, publications and technical documentation, personnel training and training equipment, Quality Assurance Team, U.S. Government and contractor technical and logistics support services, and other related elements of logistics and program support.
On 06 June 2015 Saudi Arabia intercepted a Scud missile fired by Yemen Houthi Militia toward the city of Khamees Mushait and the largest Saudi Arabian Air Force Base, the King Khaled Air Base. Saudi Arabia used one of its Patriot Missile Defense Firing Units bought from the United States to acquire, track and destroy the Scud Missile. The rocket was intercepted by two Patriot missiles, the Saudi-led Arab military coalition said in a statement. Saudi Arabia Brigadier General Ahmed Asseri said "Praise God, we have air defence forces capable of blocking these kinds of rockets, destroying them and thwarting attempts like this."
Romanian Defense Minister Adrian Tutuianu said last week that Romania would buy Patriot missiles worth $3.9 billion after the United States approved the sale in July 2017. Romania's parliament still needed to approve the purchase. The purchase was a further signal that Bucharest is concerned about the Kremlin's role in the Black Sea area.
The US State Department has made a determination approving a possible Foreign Military Sale to Romania for Patriot air defense systems, related support and equipment. The estimated cost is $3.9 billion. The Defense Security Cooperation Agency delivered the required certification notifying the US Congress of this possible sale on July 10, 2017.
The Government of Romania requested the possible sale of seven (7) Patriot Configuration-3+ Modernized Fire Units consisting of: seven (7) AN/MPQ-65 radar sets, seven (7) AN/MSQ-132 engagement control stations, thirteen (13) antenna mast groups, twenty-eight (28) M903 launching stations, fifty-six (56) Patriot MIM-104E Guidance Enhanced Missile-TBM (GEM-T) missiles, one hundred and sixty-eight (168) Patriot Advanced Capabilty-3 (PAC-3) Missile Segment Enhancement (MSE) missiles, and seven (7) Electrical Power Plants (EPP) III.
This proposed sale will enhance the foreign policy and national security objectives of the United States by helping to improve the security of a NATO ally that has been, and continues to be an important force for political stability and economic progress within Europe. The proposed sale of the Patriot system will support Romania’s needs for its own self-defense and support NATO defense goals.
The Swedish government announced in a statement on 02 August 2018 the decision to approve the purchase the US Patriot air defense missile system. "Today, the government decided to authorize the armed forces to purchase a new medium-range air defense system. At the same time, the government decided to allow the Defence Materiel Administration of the armed forces to conclude an agreement with the United States on the purchase of the US Patriot air defense system," the statement for the media read.
The government noted that the United States had offered Sweden to buy four Patriots and two types of missiles, as well as the technical equipment. Deliveries are expected to take place between 2020 and 2025. Earlier reports suggested that the deal would be worth at least $1.14 billion.
Despite Sweden is not a part of the NATO, it has close relations with the alliance and recently has been increasing its armed forces. After in 2017, Romania became the 14th nation to buy the missile delivery system, Sweden and Poland joined the list. Sweden started talks over the purchase, initially worth around 10 billion crowns last November.
On 20 February 2018 the US State Department has made a determination approving a possible Foreign Military Sale to Sweden of Patriot Configuration-3+ Modernized Fire Units for an estimated cost of $3.2 billion. The Government of Sweden has requested to buy four (4) Patriot Configuration-3+ Modernized Fire Units consisting of: four (4) AN/MPQ-65 radar sets, four (4) AN/MSQ-132 engagement control stations, nine (9) antenna mast groups, twelve (12) M903 launching stations, one hundred (100) Patriot MIM-104E Guidance Enhanced Missile-TBM (GEM-T) missiles, two hundred (200) Patriot Advanced Capabilty-3 (PAC-3) Missile Segment Enhancement (MSE) missiles, and four (4) Electrical Power Plants (EPP) III.
|Join the GlobalSecurity.org mailing list|