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PARS 8x8 Wheeled Armored Combat Vehicle

To meet both TLF and export market requirements, FNSS developed a new generation family of Wheeled Armored Combat Vehicles comprising 4x4, 6x6 and 8x8 variant with special emphasis on Mobility, Protection, Payload, and Growth Potential. FNSS has named the vehicles PARS, which in Turkish means Leopard. The PARS 8x8 armored personnel carrier (APC) was designed, developed and produced by Turkish engineers at FNSS facilities with technical support of the US based General Purpose Vehicles (GPV) company. The Company spent over US$20 Million from its own resources for the development of PARS family of vehicles.

Pars 8x8 is fitted with independent air spring suspension. Hydro pneumatic suspension system is still an option for the user. One of the most significant features of PARS 8x8 vehicles is situational awareness. Commander and driver sit side-by-side concept is standard in all PARS FoVs. For enhanced visibility, there are two thermal cameras in the front and rear, as well as two optical cameras at the front and rear. Local situational awareness is significantly enhanced.

The power pack is located at the rear of the driver between the first and second axles. Left side located powerpack leaves an aisle on the right side for the commander and driver cockpit to access the rear troop compartment.

The vehicle is provided with roof hatches and a power operated ramp at the rear and in addition there is an emergency hatch at the right side of the hull between the first and second road wheel stations. 11 to 13 personnel can be carried, depending on the role and the weapon system fitted on the vehicle. Foldable blast attenuation seats are used for crew and dismounts against mines and IED threats.

Powerpack consists of a water cooled 550 hp diesel engine, coupled with a fully automatic transmission which gives a maximum road speed of up to 100 km/h. PARS is fully amphibious being propelled in the water at a speed of up to 8 km/h by two water jets mounted one either side of the hull at the rear. The driver can deploy the trim vane at the front of the hull, activate the bilge pumps and activate the water jets without leaving his position. The PARS 8x8 has an effective all wheel steering system that is equally well suited to high-speed highway driving or manoeuvring in tight narrow urban streets. All of this high performance steering capability is done simply and automatically for the driver and is transparent to him in the operation of the vehicle.

Standard equipment fitted in the vehicle are; NBC protection system, air conditioning, anti-lock braking system, central tyre inflation system, run flat inserts and a self-recovery winch. The vehicle can be fitted with various weapons systems depending on the user requirements.

The PARS vehicles feature a distributed electrical computing system made up of electronic control modules interconnected by a SAE standardized CAN bus technology for high-speed and high-resolution data transfer. The entire electrical system is an over-current protected solid state system without fuses.

Under a US$559 Million contract, the largest defence system export achieved to date by a Turkish defence company in a single project, in cooperation with DEFTECH of Malaysia, FNSS would design develop and produce a total of 257 armored personnel carriers to be based on PARS 8x8 in 12 different configurations, including personnel carrier, anti-tank weapon carrier, command and control and anti-aircraft weapon vehicles. Deliveries will span over 7 years. During the first two years the FNSS and DEFTECH engineers jointly designed and produced two different configurations of the vehicle at the FNSS facilities and they underwent various qualification tests before their delivery to the Malaysian Army by the end of 2013.

FNSS signed a master agreement with its Malaysian partner Deftech for the development and production of 257 each Malaysian AV8 (8x8) armored wheeled vehicles in 12 configurations. The vehicle is based on PARS 8x8.

Under the US$559 Million contract awarded in February 2011, in cooperation with DRB-HICoM DEFTECH of Malaysia FNSS will design, develop and produce a total of 257 armored personnel carriers to be based on PARS-II 8x8 in 12 different configurations including; the infantry fighting vehicle (IFV), armored fighting vehicle (AFV), the armored personnel carrier (APC), tank destroyer (AFV-ATGW), command vehicles (ACV), signals (AVS), reconnaissance vehicle as well as recovery vehicle. While the original PARS 8x8 was 24-25 ton vehicle, the AV-8 IFV-25 configuration weighs 28 tons and its equipment differs considerably from that of PARS. Deliveries will span over 7 years and are planned to be completed by 2020. Malaysia is said to be considering placing an order for the second and third batches of AV-8 vehicles. The second batch is expected to be on the agenda around 2021-2022.

On December 6, 2014 the Malaysian Army received delivery of the first 12 of 257 AV-8 Gempita Armored Combat Vehicles (ACVs). The then Malaysian Army Chief General Raja Mohamed Affandi Bin Raja Mohamed NOOR accepted the first batch of 12 vehicles, all of which are in the IFV-25 configuration. During a ceremony witnessed by the then Prime Minister Najib Tun RAZAK, formally named the vehicle the Gempita, which is a Malay term for thunderous noise. The IFV-25 configuration of the AV-8 ACV is fitted with a one-person FNSS Sharpshooter turret armed with a stabilized ATK Armament Systems M242 25 mm dual-feed gun and an FN MAG 58M 7,62 mm co-axial machine gun. 46 of the 257 AV-8 vehicles will be delivered in IFV-25 configuration. The weapons systems capabilities of the AV-8 Gempita includes; a 25mm gun, specially designed two-man turret with a 30mm gun, 12.7mm RCWS as well as an Anti-Tank Guided Weapon (ATGW).

During the second half of 2015, FNSS received a contract valued at around US$ 500 Million from the Royal Army of Oman (RAO) and the Ministry of Defence of the Government of the Sultanate of Oman to design, develop, manufacture, qualify (both international and customer) and deliver a total of 172 PARS-III Wheeled Armored Vehicles (WAVs) in 13 configurations and the contract became effective on September 20, 2015. Under the contract FNSS will deliver 145 PARS-III 8x8 vehicles in 8 different configurations and 27 PARS-III 6x6 vehicles in 5 different configurations. Contract period will be finished in May 2020. This contract represents the second export order for the PARS WAV following Malaysia. RAO PARS-III 8x8WAVs feature some country specific modifications and upgrades and have slightly different appearance compared to PARS-II/AV-8 Gempita vehicles of the Malaysian Army. Contrary to PARS-II/AV-8 vehicles, the RAO PARS-III WAVs do not have swimming capability but in return they have better ballistic and mine/IED protection thanks to add-on armor modules. The official delivery of the first PARS-III WAV to the RAO took place on July 12, 2017 at the FNSS facilities located in Glbasi, Ankara/Turkey.

The PARS-III 8x8 is powered by a German Deutz turbocharged, water-cooled diesel engine, developing 550hp coupled to a fully automatic transmission with 7 forward and 1 reverse gear. Meanwhile, the power pack of the PARS III 6x6 consists of a water-cooled turbocharged diesel engine with an output power of 483hp and a fully automatic transmission with 7 forward and 1 reverse gears. The diesel power pack is mounted to the rear of the driver on the left side of the hull, between the first and second axles. The power pack architecture, which allows disassembly and reassembly in less than 60 minutes, allows the user to replace the engine in the field as an additional benefit.

Engine550 hp Diesel
TransmissionFully Automatic 6 Forward 1 Reverse
Power to Weight Ratio>20 hp/ton
EURO Norm of Power PackEURO 3
Number of Axles4
Driven AxlesAll
Steered Axles1,2,3,4
Transfer Case2 Speed
SuspensionSemi-Automatic, Pneumatic Computer, Controlled & Adjustable
BrakesAir/Hydraulic with ABS at Each Wheel
Parking Integral to Driveline, Spring Activated, Hydraulically Released
Electrical SystemMIL STD 1275, MIL STD 464
Tire TypeHeavy Duty 1600 R20
Max. Road Speed100 km/h
Creep Speed3 km/h
Swimming8 km/h (with Propeller)
3 km/h (with Tires)
Range700 km
Angle of Approach>50
Angle of Departure>40
Gradient60%
Side Slope30%
Vertical Obstacle0.70 m
Trench2.00 m
Turning Radius< 8 m (curb to curb)
Crew8+3
Vehicle Weight22,500 kg
GVW30,000 kg
Length< 8 m
Width< 3 m
Height< 2.4 m
Ground Clearance0.2 - 0.5 m (Adjustable)
Air TransportationA400, C17 & C5




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Page last modified: 27-09-2021 16:39:18 ZULU