PARS 4x4 Wheeled Armored Combat Vehicle
To meet both TLF and export market requirements, FNSS developed a new generation family of Wheeled Armored Combat Vehicles comprising 4x4, 6x6 and 8x8 variant with special emphasis on Mobility, Protection, Payload, and Growth Potential. FNSS has named the vehicles PARS, which in Turkish means Leopard. The PARS 8x8 armored personnel carrier (APC) was designed, developed and produced by Turkish engineers at FNSS facilities with technical support of the US based General Purpose Vehicles (GPV) company. The Company spent over US$20 Million from its own resources for the development of PARS family of vehicles.
Pars 4x4 Weapon Carrying Vehicle (WCV)
The Turkish SSM chose local vehicle manufacturer BAE/FNSS over its rival Otokar in April 2016 for its new Weapon Carrying Vehicle (WCV) program. SSM stated othat it had entered into contract negotiations with FNSS for the Pars 4x4 armored combat vehicle and this was expected to be finalised in the coming months.
Contract negotiations held with FNSS Savunma Sistemleri A.S. in relation to the Anti-Tank Vehicle Project, which were initiated by the Defense Industry Executive Committee’s decision taken on March 9, 2016, were concluded, and the project contract was officially signed on June 27, 2016, at a ceremony held in the Undersecretariat for Defense Industries. The project would involve the integration of anti-tank missiles within the Turkish Land Forces inventory on armored vehicles equipped with anti-tank turrets developed specifically for the project. A total of 260 Anti-Tank Vehicles will be procured within the scope of the project, including both tracked [184 KAPLAN vehicles] and wheeled [76 PARS 4x4] vehicles. The anti-tank guided missile system turrets will be developed with modern Fire and Command-Control capabilities. In addition to their ready-to-fire anti-tank guided missiles each turret will be equipped with a 7.62 machine gun.
FNSS planned to use the lightest member of the KAPLAN vehicle family as the platform for the tracked type vehicle of the Anti-Tank Vehicles project, while considering the PARS 4x4 as the basis for the project’s wheeled type anti-tank vehicle. In addition to having ballistic and mine protection, the amphibious tracked and wheeled Anti-Tank Vehicles would be capable of conducting joint operations with armored units, and have a modular mechanical and electronic infrastructure that enables rapid adaptation of future potential requirements. Within the scope of this project, FNSS would design, development and prototype qualification processes will be completed in 2018; and in the following two-year period, serial production of 260 each Anti-Tank vehicles shall be completed and delivered to Turkish Land Forces.
Being the latest member of the PARS family, the PARS 4X4 has been designed to undertake special operational roles such as advanced surveillance, anti-tank and command & control. The vehicle was designed in a way to meet the operational requirements that might be required in the theater.
The PARS 4X4 has a power-to-weight ratio of 25-30 Hp/ton , a silhouette of just 1.9 m and amphibious capabilities. The vehicle with its crew of 5 can operate in water that is deep and fast-flowing without any preparation. In the water, the vehicle can perform pivot turns and even move backwards when required. The increased maneuvering capability in the water is due to the two water jets located at the rear of the vehicle.
The PARS 4X4 can operate on any rough terrain with a reduced break of angle, low center of gravity, fully independent suspension system, ABS-assisted hydraulic disc brakes, low ground pressure and increased angles of approach and departure. The PARS 4X4 can climb slopes of 70% and hold on slopes of 40%, and it can pass over 50 cm vertical obstacles with ease. The hydraulic recovery winch system located at the front of the vehicle has the ability to provide self-recovery when required. The mobility of PARS 4X4 has been increased via the central tire inflation system, and it also has a run-flat capability.
The PARS 4X4 has a top speed of 120 km/h on asphalt and a range of 700 km. The vehicle can switch from 4X4 mode for rough terrain to 4X2 mode for use on a highway. The PARS 4X4 has an automatic transmission and an axle lock for slippery surfaces and soft soil.
The windows are ballistically protected and designed to afford a wide field of view for both the driver and the crew. The PARS 4X4 also provides the driver and the commander with integrated night and day vision cameras that enable operations in night drives without head lights. The command and warning panels and the mine-protected seats have been specifically developed for the commander, driver, gunner and military personnel with their equipment.
The body of the vehicle is made of ballistic material, which provides protection against mines and improvised explosives. The vehicle is especially noteworthy due to its load carrying capacity, its open architecture features and the way it was designed to accommodate the equipment that is used in the vehicle in order to carry out different missions and meet user requirements. The PARS 4X4 can be transported using any kind of military transport aircraft including the CH-47 Chinook heavy load helicopter.
|Power to Weight Ratio||25-30 Hp/ton|
|Length||< 5 m|
|Width||< 2.5 m|
|Height (Hull Roof)||< 1.9 m|
|Air Transportation||C130H, A400, C17, C5, CH-47 Chinook|
|Power Pack||Compliant with NATO Single Fuel Concept Aviation F34 Fuel, JP8|
|Number of Axles||2|
|Suspension||Double Wishbone, Independent, Hydro-Pneumatic Brakes|
|Brakes||Service Air/Hydraulic with ABS at Each Wheel|
|Parking||Integral to Driveline, Spring Activated, Hydraulically Released|
|Electrical System||MIL STD 1275, MIL STD 464|
|Max. Road Speed||120 km/h|
|Swimming||8 km/h (with Propeller)|
|Angle of Approach||54°|
|Angle of Departure||42°|
|Vertical Obstacle||50 cm|
|Turning Radius||< 7 m|
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