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Military


Great War Artillery - Germany

calibertyperangeHE shell, kg
Field Guns:
77-mm cavalry, model 1896 8400 7
77-mm field gun, model 1896 8400 7
105-mm field howitzer 6800 15
90-mm model 1873-1888 6500 7.5
Heavy Artillery: Guns
105-mmmodel 1904 10,800 18
180-mm 14,400 40
150-mm(149-mm.)15,600 50
Heavy Artillery: Guns: Old models
120-mm 7300 20
150-mm 10,000 40
Howitzers Old:
150-mm (149mm)600040.5
Howitzers New:
150-mm (149mm), model 1902740040.5
150-mm (149), model 1913850040.5
Mortars Old:
210-mm 7200 119
Mortars New:
210-mmmodel 1910 8200 83
280-mm11,000 340
420-mm14,000 730

For twenty years before the war the French artillery had been leader technically. The reason for this is to be found in the course of development of the German field artillery since 1877. The sharp separation from the foot artillery, the selection of a cavalryman as inspector of the new special arm, and the introduction of a cavalry type of drill regulations, whose influence remained even until 1907, brought it about that while the foot artillery became too much of a fortress arm, the field artillery neglected gunnery for mounted work. The reaction came in the foot artillery about 1893, when the Schlieffen-Planitz reforms introduced driver detachments and the heavy field artillery. For us it came about the end of the century, with the disappearance of the Podbielski system and the renewal of closer relations between troop units and technical study, which had been treated as a separate matter coming within the province of special schools only.

The German Army, at the outset, was grouped into corps of two divisions, each division with its artillery brigade of two regiments of six six-gun batteries. As stated above in the general discussion, the Germans had decided to have three howitzer batteries in each division, but, presumably from lack of matériel, they started the war with only three howitzer batteries in each corps, these being organized as one of the battalions in the second division in the corps. It should be stated that a number of reports on German organization made in 1914 and 1915 vary somewhat on the details of the artillery organization, but it is believed that this can be explained as probably due to constant changes in equipment of different units, made as matériel became available.



 
Page last modified: 09-06-2019 18:57:38 Zulu