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AX - Training Ship

In recent years, the main force of the Navy's naval surface water surface has developed rapidly. The rapid installation of modern destroyers has increased the actual demand for naval surface warship officers and professional technicians, as well as the transition from naval training mode to marine training. For a navy that is in a rising period. The role of training ships has become increasingly prominent, and the number of mainland naval training vessels is increasing.

Military training ships are "the cradle of the navy". Training vessels, also known as training ships , practice ships, etc., are vessels used to train personnel's sea service capabilities. Training boats can generally be divided into two categories: one type is tied to the shore, multi- barge or old ship is modified, which allows the trainee to be familiar with the ship's environment and learn the operation of the ship's equipment; the other type has the ability to sail. The trainees can be given practical exercises. After the trainees receive relevant knowledge and skills on land, they often go to the training boat for practical exercises. According to the user's distinction, the training boat can be divided into civilian and military.

In general, there are few training ships in foreign navies, especially specialized training ships. In addition to the Chinese Navy, the navies of other countries are also equipped with training ships, the most representative of which are the following. Russian Smolny training ship: served in 1976, the standard displacement of 6,500 tons, up to 350 trainees to train internships. The British Baiyan Giants aviation training ship, originally a ro-ro cargo ship, was later converted into an aviation training ship by the United Kingdom. The ship has a standard displacement of more than 18,000 tons and can carry 12 fixed-wing carrier aircraft and 6 anti-submarine helicopters. The ship can be used both as an aviation training ship and as a command ship, support ship or hospital ship.

The German training ship Deutchland, serving since 1963, with a standard displacement of more than 5,400 tons, can train up to more than 260 trainees. It is a comprehensive training ship, can be trained in navigation, guns, turbines and other subjects. The Swedish Karlskrona training ship, serviced in 1982, has a standard displacement of 3,300 tons and can carry 136 trainees. The ship is suitable for navigation in the ice zone and can be used not only as a training ship, but also as a mine-laaying ship, command ship, support ship and coach torpedo target ship.

Previously, PLA(N) training was heavily dependent on an annual conscription cycle and focused almost exclusively on anti-surface warfare (ASUW). Recent exercises suggest the PLA(N) has strengthened its training cycle, has become relatively proficient in ASUW, is making notable gains in area air defense, and has seen some progress in deep water anti-submarine warfare (ASW). In addition to becoming more sustained and complex, training has expanded from Chinas littoral to areas within and beyond the First Island Chain. Far seas operations, particularly to the South China and Philippine Seas, have become routine in recent years. The PLA(N) has also improved coordination between its various branches. Finally, it has demonstrated a desire to operate in more realistic conditions featuring electronic warfare.

Until the early 2000s, PLA(N) training and proficiency levels were heavily contingent on the annual conscription cycle, and focused primarily on antisurface warfare [ASUW] training. Major training standdowns would occur in late November and last through the early part of the next year as new conscripts entered the force. Initial training consisted primarily of independent or unit-level basic warfare training. As the year progressed, more complex unit or flotilla-level training occurred. By mid-year, basic warfare drills transitioned to more advanced, coordinated warfare training, culminating in a series of year-end exercises. Following these exercises, units would stand down as new conscripts entered into the force, only to begin the cycle anew.

Today, however, the PLA(N) conducts complex multi-discipline warfare training throughout the year, and the scope of naval training has broadened to include more robust ASW and anti-air warfare (AAW) training, all of which are integrated using advanced Command, Control, Communications, Computers and Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (C4ISR) systems. Under the new model, general unit readiness is maintained at a higher level throughout the year, and the impact of new conscripts entering the force is less evident, particularly with the increasing maturity of Chinas noncommissioned officer corps.

The addition of more effective classroom training and shore-based simulation systems likely plays an important role in maintaining a high level of personnel readiness. These initiatives provide crews with basic and advanced hands-on training throughout the year, irrespective of ship availability or readiness level. This improves the overall quality of training and shortens the training cycle.

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Page last modified: 01-08-2021 14:09:27 ZULU