APA Troop Transports / AH Hospital Ships
Hospital ships, also known as medical ship or a medical boat, refers to a hospital function, to provide humane medical treatment of ships. Most are owned by a country's navy or government. According to international law, hospital ships are not allowed to carry any weapons; attacking hospital ships is a war crime, but the navy of the belligerent country has the right to board the ship for inspection.
Hospital ships have played an important role in the history of the world's navy, and were born with the need for medical assistance in maritime operations. In recent years, hospital ships have also been extended to other areas, such as international humanitarian relief, aid and military diplomacy. With the growing demand for assistance and disaster relief assistance of the humanitarian needs of the maritime, offshore floating hospital ships receive more and more attention. Hospital ship refers to war surgery and polyclinic hospital-based medical equipment and doctors, the sick and wounded to complete the task early and specialist treatment boats. These have large tonnage, generally more than 8000 tons.
The water system of the prior art medical care provided by the hospital ship on the basis of increase of health carriers. Health transport ship is mainly used for evacuation of the wounded, and the evacuation of sick and wounded on the way to first aid treatment. The tonnage of less than hospital ships, generally around 2,000 tons, but the boat speed than the hospital fast, easy to quickly injuries at sea member of the hospital board. However, for in inland and coastal waters and offshore islands of the sick and wounded, the health carriers still seem large tonnage, can not be implemented timely treatment of the sick and wounded, so that the scope of application of the water system of medical care provided by the prior art restricted.
In accordance with the 1949 Geneva Convention for the Amelioration of the Situation of Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked Armed Forces at Sea, the waterline of the hospital ship's hull is painted white, the sides and deck are marked with a red cross, and the national flag is hung. Red cross flag on white, under no circumstances to be attacked and captured. All ship crew members hold internationally-recognized ID cards and wear special armbands. The main mission of the hospital ship is to act as "a maneuverable, flexible and fast-responding maritime medical ambulance force". Therefore, the ship is not equipped with offensive weapons, and only a small number of light weapons are used to carry out internal warning and repel the enemy who forcibly boarding.
If there is a greater threat, the hospital ship can only seek support or evacuate. According to the relevant international law, hospital ships are inviolable, hospital ships are obliged to rescue the wounded on both sides of the war, and the warring parties must not attack or capture them, but should be respected and protected at any time. The hospital boat has a very eye-catching sign. General hospital ships are all white, with obvious red cross signs on the ship's side. As a special ship specializing in the treatment of wounded, the hospital is not equipped with any weapons, and the wounded on the battlefield are transported to the hospital by helicopter.
Although the hospital boat is a floating vessel, there are quite a few equipment on board. In addition to the medical institutions that should be in the hospital boat. There are also places for the injured to recuperate and move, such as laundry, gym, hairdressing room, library and bar.
In 1996, the Navy developed 18 marine medical module systems with typical functions using international standard containers. It successfully launched on the newly built Navy 10,000-ton training ship "Shichang", which has the prototype of a modular hospital ship. The military medical team of the military inside and outside the military drilled at sea and on land, and all tactical technical indicators met the design requirements, which provided good conditions for marine medical training and medical support for emergencies.
Some military ships with large decks, such as amphibious assault ships and training ships, are often referred to as "quasi-carriers" and "helicopters" because they all have decks that are sufficient for helicopters or vertical hoisting aircraft to take off and land. Outside the aircraft carrier, the large deck can also be equipped with modular technical equipment to easily convert the ship's use, and medical equipment is one of the common modules. A container ( container ) in which a medical module is placed on a deck can be a medical ship of a temporary nature.
Typical examples are the PLA Navy 's Type 0891A training ship, the British Royal Fleet Auxiliary Argus Training Ship . Because it does not comply with the provisions of the Hague Convention, the British Navy classifies it as the "Personal Casualty Receiving Ship" (PCRS), otherwise there is no essential difference between the medical vessels in the strict sense.
In 2008, China's first large-scale hospital ship "Yushan Island" hospital ship (and the square boat) equipped with troops, marking China's maritime medical rescue capacity has reached a new level. The ship has a full displacement of 14,000 tons, a speed of 18 knots, equipped with 217 kinds of more than 2,400 advanced medical equipment, 35 professional, 14 departments, 300 beds, and can carry out 8 operations at the same time. It has repeatedly carried out overseas medical services and humanitarian help missions. Through these actions, it has established the image of a responsible big country in China, created a good international environment, and consolidated the friendship between traditional friendly countries.
In the state of war, the service targets are mainly the wounded in the war at sea. In the non-war state, the objects served by the sea accidents, natural disasters (ship fires, rocks, tsunami, etc.) are wounded. In the country, it can also provide medical support for the formation of ships, and keep the reefs for the remote areas. The troops provide medical services.
In all major sea wars and humanitarian relief operations, hospitals around the world have played an irreplaceable role in marine medical support. These hospital ships not only send the wounded and sick, but also serve as a national treatment institution to assist the medical staff of the ship and provide various medicines and sanitary equipment.
A hospital ship, it must first meet the needs of the war wounded in the war, and then consider the handling of non-war maritime emergencies, international rescue and other medical services, and large hospital ships are one of the important signs of the modern navy. In the world, a small number of countries such as the United States, Britain, Canada, Japan, and China have hospital boats with remote medical rescue capabilities.
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