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Project 320 Ob' Class Hospital Ship

According to one source, in early 2007 "China also bought a retired hospital ship from Russia, which will possibly be recovered as appropriative hospital ship." That is to say, this report claims that China purchased an inactive hospital ship from Russia, almost certainly the Project 320 Ob' which had been placed in reserve in 1997 after only 17 years of service, with the intent to restore it to active service, with the PLA Navy.

The four ships of the Ob-Class Hospital ships were designed to provide medical and recreational facilities. They were also employed as personnel transports. They have civilian crews but carry uniformed naval medical personnel. The ships are fully equipped with surgical equipment. Later two units are Project B-320 II, implying a modification to the basic design; the external differences are minor.

These are sufficiently well equipped ships, on which can occur all forms of medical aid. The hospitals, placed on the vessels, are capable of assuming to 100 patients simultaneously. On board each of the ships are more than ten therapeutic and diagnostic departments, three operating hall, and the drugstore. Furthermore, on the vessels is a health center, dispensary in 200 places.

The Irtysh is in the Pacific Fleet, Svir' in the Northern Fleet, and Yenisey in the Black Sea Fleet. The class leader Ob' (commissioned in 1980) was stricken in August 1997.

Svir' had a serious fire 10 March 1999. Three people died in a fire on board the Northern Fleet Project 320/II hospital ship SVIR on the evening of 11/12 March. The fire broke out in a cabin while the vessel was moored in Murmansk. The three casualties were Captain (2nd Class) Vlasov, Capt (2nd Class) Kovalev and reserve officer Suzhvenitsin. Another person was admitted to hospital suffering from smoke inhalation. The fire was extinguished at 0650 local time.

The hospital ship Svir was ready for action in the homeport of the sunken submarine Kursk. The medical staff were on standby, the equipment on board and beds prepared for the stricken crew. The cots on which the patients will lie had been set up and 70 medical personnel on shore were ready to travel. But the whisper going around Severomorsk was that there was nobody left to save. The Svir can comfortably take more than 100 sick on board and the crew said places for 90 relatives of the Kursk sailors had been set aside to travel with the ship when it heads to the accident zone. Russia's Northern Fleet announced plans for the hospital ship, Svir, to take journalists to the Kursk wreck site between September 24 and 29, 2000.

After returning sequential course task, on 27 May 2008 the hospital vessel Irtysh returned from the seas to her native moorage. Irtysh's captain Gennadiy Kireev stated that the going out to sea with the representatives of the inspection of safety at sea the crew demonstrated readiness to carry out stated problems. The ship was examined in all parameters, and showed a good technical state. Such outputs are conducted several times a year.

The Irtysh was transferred to Vladivostok in 2000 from a Russian naval base in Vietnam. The vessel spent the following year sitting idle.

In 2016 began the modernization of the ship equipment, the first phase of which was completed in August 2016. After that the ship has committed a long voyage, taking part in international ASEAN exercises off the coast of Thailand. They were worked out during the relief activities during natural disasters. On the "Irtysh" were deployed chamber for receiving the seriously wounded, Navy medical team rehearsed techniques of assistance and operations in marine environments.

The hospital ship of the Pacific Fleet (PF) "Irtysh" departed on 18 august 2016 from Vladivostok to Bangkok (Thailand) to participate in international exercises ASEAN, according to the head of the department of information support of the press service of the Eastern Military District (TSBs) for the Pacific Fleet Captain 2nd Rank Vladimir Matveev. "Hospital ship" Irtysh "Pacific Fleet went into the sea and the beginning of the transition to the port of Bangkok (Kingdom of Thailand) to participate in international exercises ASEAN humanitarian focus countries. The joint exercise" ADMM-Plus "will be held from 1 to 11 September 2016 Province Chonburi and the marine waters of the Gulf of Siam South China sea ", - said the representative of the fleet.

Modern diagnostic systems X-ray and ultrasound examinations were installed on a hospital ship of the Pacific Fleet (PF) "Irtysh", the press service of the Eastern Military District reported 15 January 2017. "In accordance with the state contract of hospital-sea passenger ship of the Pacific Fleet" Irtysh "has received the newest complexes radiography and ultrasound, modern surgical and intensive care equipment, equipment for laboratory tests, anesthesia equipment and advanced life support systems", - the press-service stated.

In 2017, the ship would install equipment for telemedicine, which will allow to attract during surgery consultants Central Hospital Ministry of Defence. The hospital ship of the project 320 "Irtysh" is able to take the wounded and sick from the shore and at sea. On board the vessel for patients allocated 100 seats, and during the evacuation - 450. There is also a 200-seat rehab assignment.

The ships were on offer for charter for humanitarian purposes. In 2001 it was reported that three naval hospital ships, including one from the Pacific Fleet, were set to offer voyages for the treatment of drug addicts and some other patients, officials said recently. One of the sponsors of the project, the international humanitarian agency Doctors for Human Rights, said the idea involved the ships' carrying drug addicts and patients suffering from diabetes, cancer and AIDS to pristine areas of the ocean to aid in treatment.

Viktor Fersht, a spokesman for the agency, said naval doctors and civilian experts will use food additives, psychological training and, if patients volunteer, rigid discipline, as their main methods. But the exact medical techniques were yet to be approved. The program for which the Navy had agreed to rent out the floating hospitals was also under the auspices of the United Nations, World Health Organization and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. The Irtysh, of the Pacific Fleet, and the Yenisei and Svir of other fleets were scheduled to put out to sea for a test of the program in July 2001. The Irtysh was to ferry 250 patients to the Far East Marine Reserve in southeastern Primorye.

The Cercle de Reflexion was interested in the transfer of the Svir hospital ship, one of the Russian Navy's Ob-class ships, which was expected to become available in 2005. It was agreed to open negotiations for the take-over of this ship through the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation. As of 2008 nothing further had been heard of this proposal.

The Ob' River originates in the Altay Mountains of southwestern Siberia and empties into the Arctic Ocean. The Ob' and its major tributary, the Irtysh, combine to form the longest river system in Asia. The Ob River drainage basin houses the bulk of the former Soviet Union`s weapons production facilities (Mayak and Tomsk-7) as well as the major test site of Semipalatinsk. In addition, some 2 billion curies of nuclear waste from weapons production are stored or have been released to the environment in this area. Because many Siberian rivers flow from south to north, they flood regularly in the spring as meltwater from southern latitudes backs up against the still-frozen northern reaches of the rivers. What is normally a fine mesh of braided streams and branches of the river channel has become almost a lake in places. The flood waters can engorge the river to over 50 kilometers (30 miles) wide in places. Rivers can back up for hundreds of miles, and cause devastating flooding for towns and villages along the banks. Often, explosives are dropped into ice jams in an effort to free the river and give the flood waters a chance to escape.

Tsar Ivan the Terrible (Ivan IV, 1530-84) provided the great impetus in pushing the Russian border to the east. Pursuing the remnant khanates of the Golden Horde across Eurasia, Ivan sacked Kazan in 1551 and Astrakhan in 1557. The remaining large region still controlled by the heirs of Genghis Khan was in the western part of Siberia, where Khan Kuchum held the wide territory from the middle Urals to the Ob River. Ermak's troops defeated those of Khan Kuchum in a three-day battle on the Irtysh River in October 1582, an event that essentially opened the gates of Siberia to the Russians.

The Svir River in Karelia connects the two largest lakes in Europe -- Lake Ladoga and Lake Onega - Ladozhskoye and Onezhskoye. The Svir River in NW Russia is 140 mi./ 320 km. long, and flows from Lake Onega to Lake Ladoga. During World War II it was the battle line between Russian and Finnish troops. It is part of the Volga-Baltic Waterway. The banks of the river are lined with pine forests, a key source of Russian timber.

The Yenisey River [far less commonly, Enisey River] runs northerly, ending at the Kara Sea which opens to the Arctic Ocean. The world's third largest river by volume, the Yenisey, flows from the south of the Krai to the Arctic Ocean, making water transportation one of the most attractive features of the region. Krasnoyarsk and Lesosibirsk are two large ports locatedon the Yenisey that can accommodate sea and river operation vessels with carrying capacities of up to 5,000 tons. Two other major Siberian river/seaports Igarka and Dudinka are located on the northern delta of Yenisey and have year-round access to the Arctic Ocean.

These ships were built in Szczecin, Poland at the Adolf Warski Shipyard. In December 1970 Szczecin's Adolf Warski Shipyard was the site of much bloodshed, when scores of striking workers were fired on by soldiers and killed. Warski Shipyard played a leading role in the stormy events on the Polish seacoast in December 1970, which led to the unrest and strikes there in January 1971, as well as the Lodz strike in mid-February 1971. Against this background, party and government changes were made by the new leadership to counteract the threatening chaos and to re-establish "the leading role of the party." The crisis began with the introduction of price increases on December 13 and ended with the price rollback on February 15. In 1980 it was hotbed of Solidarity. Along with Solidarity Leader Lech Walesa and his supporters in the city of Gdansk, the 8,000 workers of Szczecin's Adolf Warski shipyard were instrumental in the founding the independent labor union Solidarity.

Adolf Warski, born Jerzy Adolf Warszawski (20 April 1868 - 09 July 1937), was a leader and theoretician of the Polish communist movement. He was active in the working class movement from 1889, becoming a member of the executive of the Social Democracy of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania (SDKPiL), and a member of the Communist Party of Poland (KPP) from 1918. An opponent of the Stalinisation of the KPP and of the Communist International, Warski was arrested during the Great Purge, in early 1937, and executed. He was fully rehabilitated in 1956, during the De-Stalinization process that followed Joseph Stalin's death, and the Szczecin shipyard, Stocznia Szczecinska Nowa, was renamed in his honor (Stoczni im. Adolfa Warskiego).



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