Nanyi 12 - AH NEWCON medium-sized naval hospital ship
China Navy 5000 tons class hospital ships are named 'Nanyi 12' and 'Nanyi 13'. Nanyi means the South Sea Fleet hospital ship.
In early 2019 a hospital ship with a white hull and a striking red cross mark was first displayed in front of the Chinese people at a shipyard dock on the coast of the Yellow Sea. The new navy hospital ship is based on a fast transport model and is much smaller than the 14,000-ton Peace Ark. It is reported that the ship is the first ship of the new generation of medium-sized hospital ships in the Navy. With the outfitting test of the first ship, the second ship also entered the stage of the ship.
China's maritime medical ambulance force is far from enough for the naval transformation and development and security needs. With the preparation of China's military struggle in the new era, it is necessary to conduct regular and regular maritime war wound treatment drills for medical institutions and personnel to ensure wartime. Ability to quickly organize marine medical support. At the same time, with the completion of the construction of the islands and reefs in the South China Sea and Nansha, the medical security needs of the island garrisons and residents are also increasing.
Judging from the appearance of the new hospital ship, the vessel in the direction of its bow can be presumed to have a displacement of about 5,000-7,000 tons. The reason why the comparison and the "square boat" [Peace Ark] hospital reduced the displacement by half. The reason is mainly because the army is implementing a two-level medical evacuation system. The new hospital ship is a part of the frontline medical evacuation. It cooperates with the active 500-ton medical boat, mainly for the theater service, and the square boat is not only In general, the implementation of ocean-going operations, and the square boat not only perform more ocean-going tasks in peacetime, but also move closer to the rear in wartime. Therefore, from this perspective, the new hospital ships are likely to be built in batches, and because their prices are relatively high. Cheap, more suitable for wartime emergency construction.
Hospital ships have played an important role in the history of the world's navy, and were born with the need for medical assistance in maritime operations. In recent years, hospital ships have also been extended to other areas, such as international humanitarian relief, aid and military diplomacy.
As early as the early 1980s, in order to adapt to the maritime operations and rescue missions, China converted the "Qionsha" passenger ship into the "Nankang" hospital ship, responsible for the accompanying guarantee or zone protection of the maritime battle formation, and was responsible for the wounded at sea. Early medical care, partial specialist treatment and evacuation tasks can complete the treatment of 100 wounded patients and the diagnosis and treatment of 3 operations. Usually, he is mainly responsible for the medical support for the patrol of the island (reef). However, the "Nankang" was converted from a passenger-cargo ship. At that time, the scale of the modification was small, and the original layout was basically maintained. Its medical layout does not meet the requirements of hospital ships, nor does it meet the needs of modern sea war wounded patients for rapid treatment. Mainly reflected in: the layout of the cabin is unreasonable, the space is narrow, which is not conducive to the living and medical operations of the wounded and sick; the transfer equipment is backward, the internal corridor is narrow, the stairs are steep, and it is very inconvenient and unsafe to transport the injured in the wind and waves. In addition, the "Nankang" also has shortcomings such as small tonnage, slow speed and long ship age.
In 1996, the Navy developed 18 marine medical module systems with typical functions using international standard containers. It successfully launched on the newly built Navy 10,000-ton training ship "Shichang", which has the prototype of a modular hospital ship. The military medical team of the military inside and outside the military drilled at sea and on land, and all tactical technical indicators met the design requirements, which provided good conditions for marine medical training and medical support for emergencies.
In 2008, China's first large-scale hospital ship "Yushan Island" hospital ship (and the "square boat" - Peace Ark) equipped with troops, marking China's maritime medical rescue capacity has reached a new level. The ship has a full displacement of 14,000 tons, a speed of 18 knots, equipped with 217 kinds of more than 2,400 advanced medical equipment, 35 professional, 14 departments, 300 beds, and can carry out 8 operations at the same time. The hardware facilities are equivalent to land. Upper third class hospital. The ship is equipped with a marine medical rescue information system. The ship used the electronic injury ticket system developed by China's army. After receiving the injured, the medical staff can enter the injured information into the system through the electronic injury ticket handheld terminal. Other medical personnel can know the basic information of the injured person and the injury through the terminal. Information such as love, blood type, and injury site greatly improved the treatment efficiency and success rate of the wounded.
The ship is also equipped with an advanced telemedicine consultation system to meet the needs of communication with medical experts throughout the military, providing communication support for the execution of maritime missions. In order to meet the needs of wartime mass casualty medical evacuation organization and command, the ship is also equipped with the medical organization command information system, which can realize the command deployment of the wounded and the scheduling of medical resources. Since the "Square Boat" hospital ship has been equipped with troops, it has repeatedly carried out overseas medical services and humanitarian help missions. Through these actions, it has established the image of a responsible big country in China, created a good international environment, and consolidated the friendship between traditional friendly countries.
China's maritime medical ambulance force is far from enough for the naval transformation and development and security needs. With the preparation of China's military struggle in the new era, it is necessary to conduct regular and regular maritime war wound treatment drills for medical institutions and personnel to ensure wartime. Ability to quickly organize marine medical support. At the same time, with the completion of the construction of the islands and reefs in the South China Sea and Nansha, the medical security needs of the island garrisons and residents are also increasing. The current method of installing medical security modules for landing ships is no longer sufficient. Medium-sized hospital ships are more efficient and cost-effective when they provide medical support for island reefs. Therefore, it is a matter of course to build a new generation of medium-sized naval hospital ships. The emergence of a new generation of medium-sized hospital ships, representing the further improvement of China's marine medical support capabilities, will also provide a solid backing for China's navy to guard the sea.
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