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70th Anniversary National Day 01 October 2019

Chinese Military Parades

The military parade in Beijing is primarily an internal political event for the mobilization of Chinese society on a patriotic basis in difficult times. Ruijin is located in the south of Jiangxi Province and was the capital of the Central Revolutionary Base in the 1930s. In order to celebrate the establishment of the Provisional Central Government of the Chinese Soviet Republic, on November 7th, 1931, a grand founding ceremony was held in Yeping Village, 6 kilometers north of Ruijin City. The first program of the founding ceremony was the parade.

National Day - 01 October

The parade displayed many
"never before seen" weapons:
  • DF-41
  • DF-5C [no show!?]
  • DF-17 HGV
  • JL-2 SLBM
  • DF-100 cruise missile
  • YJ-18A (land-attack YJ-18)
  • WZ-8 supersonic UAV
  • Gongji-11 (GJ-11) UCAV
  • H-6N Bomber
  • ZTQ-15 Medium Tank
  • More than 100,000 military and civilian participants gathered at the heart of Beijing on 01 October 2019 for a military parade and a mass pageantry to celebrate the 70th founding anniversary of the People's Republic of China (PRC). Xi Jinping, general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, Chinese President, and chairman of the Central Military Commission, delivered an important speech. The scale of the parade was greater than the ones marking the 50th and 60th founding anniversaries of the PRC, as well as the V-Day military parade in 2015, according to Cai Zhijun, deputy head of the office of the leading group for the military parade. The parade showcased China's achievements in building its national defense and armed forces in the past 70 years and reflect the outcomes of the recent reform of the people's armed forces.

    Standing on the same balcony where Mao Zedong proclaimed the founding of the Republic, President Xi Jinping looked down at the crowds of people in front of Tiananmen Square waving Five-Starred Red Flags. A formation of Chinese peacekeepers made their debut at a grand military parade, marking the 70th founding anniversary of the People's Republic China. Wearing the UN peacekeepers' blue berets and scarves, the formation of peacekeepers marched through Tian'anmen Square and was reviewed for the first time in a National Day military parade. The peacekeepers in the formation come from troops most of which have participated in UN peacekeeping missions in Liberia, Mali, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Lebanon, Sudan and South Sudan. China has dispatched over 40,000 personnel to 24 UN peacekeeping operations since 1990, with 13 Chinese peacekeepers sacrificing their lives in the frontline of operations. China is the largest contributor of peacekeepers among the five permanent members of the UN Security Council.

    A formation of women militia, selected from the militia force in Beijing's Chaoyang District, marched through Tian'anmen Square on Tuesday, as part of the National Day military parade in celebration of the 70th founding anniversary of the People's Republic of China. They come from the district's education, state-owned enterprise and health sectors, as well as universities including Communication University of China, Beijing Institute of Fashion Technology and China Women's University.

    Two female generals led a formation of servicewomen in marching through Tian'anmen Square during the grand military parade marking the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China (PRC). Major General Cheng Xiaojian and Major General Tang Bing are the first female generals participating in a military parade since the founding of the PRC.

    70th Anniversary National Day 01 October 2019 70th Anniversary National Day 01 October 2019 70th Anniversary National Day 01 October 2019 70th Anniversary National Day 01 October 2019 70th Anniversary National Day 01 October 2019 70th Anniversary National Day 01 October 2019 70th Anniversary National Day 01 October 2019 70th Anniversary National Day 01 October 2019 Maxar - 70th Anniversary National Day 01 October 2019 GaoFen - 70th Anniversary National Day 01 October 2019

    DF-41 ICBM JL-2 SLBM H-6N 01 Oct 2019 ZTQ-15 Medium Tank DF-100 Cruise Missile YJ-18 Cruise Missile DF-17 HGV DR-8 Drone - 01 Oct 2019 Type 075 CHINA LHD HSU001 unmanned submarine Type 075 CHINA LHD New CHICOM Hospital Ships

    In 1949, when the army was parade in the founding of the Grand Parade, it was led by the naval forces. The infantry division, the artillery division, the chariot division, and the cavalry division led a total of 10,000 people and marched from east to west. Seventeen aircraft of the Air Force flew over Tiananmen Square, and four of them carried missiles.

    The founding ceremony of the People's Republic of China was held in Tiananmen Square (literally, Gate of Heavenly Peace), Beijing, on October 1, 1949. During the ceremony, Mao Zedong, the then Chinese Chairman, officially announced that the Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China had been founded. Soon after, a large-scale military review and mass parade took place. From that point on, China held a military parade in Tiananmen Square every year on October 1, until 1959. The once annual military parade represented the extraordinary achievements of the People's Liberation Army in unifying the country, defending it against invaders and enabling ordinary people to live in a peaceful environment. It also displayed the strength of China's national defense forces and military combat effectiveness.

    Used as a mass gathering place since its inception, the level surface is broken only by the 38-meter high Monument to the People's Heroes completed in 1958, and the Mausoleum of Mao Zedong completed in 1977. The square lies between two ancient, massive gates: the Tian'anmen to the north and the Zhengyangmen, better known as Qianmen, to the south. Along the west side of the Square is the Great Hall of the People. Along the east side is the National Museum of China (currently under renovation). Chang'an Avenue, which is used for parades, lies between the Tian'anmen and the Square. Trees line its eastern and western borders, but the square itself is open, with neither trees nor benches. In the early days of the founding of New China (1950-1959), the National Day held a large-scale celebration every year and held military parade. In September 1960, the CPC Central Committee and the State Council decided to reform the National Day System in line with the principle of diligence and nation-building.

    In 1984, on the 35th National Day, Deng personally inspected the military parade in front of Tiananmen. Since then, China has conducted similar military parades on the 50th and 60th National Day, presided over by Deng`s successors Jiang Zemin and Hu Jingtao respectively. In 1995, then Chinese leader Jiang Zemin began the practice of attending the Victory Parade in post-Soviet Russia as the two countries gradually and steadily strengthened their strategic cooperation.

    Since the founding of New China, there had been 14 military parades on National Day celebrations. They were the 11th time between 1949 and 1959 and the 35th anniversary of the 1984 National Day, the 50th anniversary of the 1999 National Day, and the 60th anniversary of the 2009 National Day.

    In the second National Day parade in 1950, Commander-in-Chief Zhu De issued an order to review the situation in the Korean War and the People's Liberation Army. The most spectacular view of the military parade was that the cavalry's 1,900 white horses passed through Tiananmen Square with a six-lane column.

    In the 1956 military parade on the third National Day, the forefront of the military was the high-ranking military officer who was trained in military academies. The military parade also appeared for the first time in this parade.

    The Fourth National Day military parade in 1952, the first led by the public security forces. The members of the parade militia brigade were from the Han ethnic group and ethnic minorities. They wore colorful ethnic costumes and had new weapons in their hands. There are also motorized infantry phalanxes with 160 motorcycles.

    In the Fifth National Day military parade in 1953, the delegation of the Chinese People's Volunteer Corps appeared on the Tiananmen Gate. The rocket artillery team first appeared in the team. The Sixth National Day military parade in 1954 saw the formation of a paratroopers sideline but did not parachute. The Chinese Peoples Liberation Army Cavalry Corps was the last one to be reviewed.

    The 1955 Seventh National Day military parade for the implementation of the PLA rank system for the first time parade, troops wearing a new uniform standard, wear DaiJun title, collar, the military capacity of a new look.

    The 8th National Day military parade in 1956 was the only time during the 13th National Day military parade in heavy rain. Representatives of the Communist Party and the Workers' Party who were invited to participate in more than 50 countries in the Eighth National Congress of the Communist Party attended the ceremony. The car that the military parade troops took was the first domestically produced liberated brand car.

    In the ninth National Day military parade in 1957, domestic jet bombers and fighter planes were reviewed for the first time.

    The 10th National Day military parade in 1958 was most noticeable by the military academies established by the People's Liberation Army after the founding of the People's Republic of China and the military students of the infantry, artillery, tanks, engineering, air force and navy.

    In the National Day military parade in 1959, the people from all walks of life participated in the ceremony and had the largest number of people in the first 11 National Day military parades, reaching 700,000. The most advanced automatic rifles, cannons, tanks, and high-speed jet fighter jets in the equipment reviewed by the troops are all manufactured by China.

    The 12th National Day military parade in 1984 was the largest military parade ever since the founding of the People's Republic of China and the latest in equipment and the highest level of mechanization. The weapons and equipment of the troops reviewed were all domestically produced modern weapons, and the finale of the navy missile force square, the air force ground-to-air missile force square and the strategic missile force square are particularly eye-catching. The strategic missile force was first shown to the world.

    The 13th National Day military parade was on October 1, 1999. The land, sea, air, artillery, armed police, and local armed forces on this visit represent all the components of the armed forces. This National Day military parade was grand and spectacular. Seeing that the troops are elite teachers, such a scale and lineup are unprecedented in our country's history and rare in the world.

    The 14th National Day military parade was on October 1, 2009. A large number of participating teams, with 60 floats and over 100,000 procession participants, attracted the attention of many international friends.

    Although there was no military parade in the National Day in 2015, the National Day military parade was advanced to 9.1 - to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the victory in the Anti-Japanese War. In general, the National Day Parade will be a five-year, small-year celebration and a ten-year-long celebration. Therefore, there will be military parades every five to ten, and 2016 will not meet the requirements. Therefore, this year's National Day Parade is unlikely to be parade. The next most likely time to review the military is the 70th anniversary of the founding of the country (2019), the 80th anniversary of the founding of the country (2029), the 88th anniversary of the founding of the country (2037), the founding of the 100th anniversary (2049).

    In Moscow, Vladimir Putin and Xi Jinping Chairman were next to one another on the 9th of May, 2015, and then they were together in Beijing, and the columns marched around the square and machinery was rolling, including no one in the world. For example, the latest modification of the Chinese two-stage medium-range ballistic missile DF-21D, which allegedly should hit American nuclear aircraft carriers at sea sailing at full speed (up to 60 km / h) . At the same time, referring to the troops, Chairman Xi spoke about peaceful defense purposes and announced a substantial reduction of the PLA by 300,000 (up to about 2 million of the total number), without clarifying, however, in what terms.

    People's Liberation Army Navy Day - 12 April

    The PLA Navy hosted a parade in April 2009 when it celebrated its 60th birthday. Twenty-five Chinese ships and submarines, 31 Chinese naval aircraft as well as 21 vessels from 14 countries participated in the parade off the eastern coastal city of Qingdao, Shandong province, which was reviewed by former president Hu Jintao.

    On 12 April 2017 in the South China Sea, the Chinese Navy carried out its largest parade ever and it was reviewed by President Xi Jinping. The spectacular parade was held to mark the achievements made by the People's Liberation Army Navy over the past several years and to strengthen the armed forces' determination to build a strong country and a world-class military.

    Xi, who is also general secretary of the Communist Party of China Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, reviewed the warships from onboard the CNS Changsha destroyer in waters off Hainan province's southern coast. In his speech after the parade, the president said that a mighty navy is an important pillar to the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, noting the Party and the Chinese people are proud of the PLA Navy.

    Xi asked members of the navy to uphold the Party's leadership, deepen the military reform, enhance innovation in science and technology, develop new types of fighting forces, build modern naval warfare systems, and improve the capability to undertake diversified military operations. He also ordered that the navy should continue to focus on combat training and keep on high alert to safeguard national interests and make more contributions to the peace and stability of the region and the world.

    A vast armada consisting of 48 ships, including the CNS Liaoning aircraft carrier, took part in the unprecedented demonstration of the country's naval prowess. The vessels were mainly combat ships such as Type 052D guided-missile destroyers, Type 054A guided-missile frigates and Type 056 corvettes. Support vessels like the Type 901 replenishment ship and Type 920 hospital ship also participated.

    Under the water, several submarines, including at least one nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine, took part in the parade. Up in the skies, 76 naval aircraft flew overhead past the ships and submarines. They included fighter jets, bombers and electronic warfare aircraft.

    Chinese Communist Party (CCP) founding anniversary

    The ruling Chinese Communist Party (CCP) announced on 23 March 2021 there would be no military parade in Beijing's Tiananmen Square to mark its centenary on July 1, state media reported. "There will be no military parade during this year's celebration of the 100th anniversary of the founding of the CCP," state news agency Xinhua reported, quoted Li Jun, assistant director of the Political Work Department of the CCP's Central Military Commission (CMC), as saying at a news conference in Beijing. Instead, Li said the CMC had made "unified arrangements" for military celebrations, including meetings, party history study events, and seminars.

    Commentator Ji Feng said it is possible that earlier plans for a military parade had been scuppered by changing world events. "So many countries have been harmed by the pandemic, and that harm was brought to them by [the CCP]," Ji said. "[Also], Sino-U.S. ties have gotten worse, then there is the relationship with the European Union, Canada, Australia, and Japan, all of which have deteriorated." He said "Things aren't looking good [diplomatically] from any direction ... If they compound that by [having a military parade], then people will see them as despicable."

    People's Liberation Army Day - 31 July

    On 31 July 2017 China's Army Day parade demonstrated the strength of the Chinese military, which contributes to safeguarding national security and world peace, international experts said. China held a grand military parade to mark the 90th birthday of the PLA in the Zhurihe military training base in north China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Chinese President Xi Jinping watched the military parade and delivered a keynote speech urging further improvement of the PLA's combat effectiveness and modernization of China's national defense.

    The past decades have witnessed China's rapid growth in a variety of areas. Today, China is closer to the goal of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation than any other time in history, said Jean-Marie Bossy of the Society of Chinese-Swiss Culture Exchange.

    Victory Over Japan - 03 September

    For the first time, a military parade was organized to commemorate the victory of the War of Resistance Against Japan and the World Anti-Fascist War. On 03 September 2015 to commemorate the 70th anniversary of Chinese people's Anti-Japanese War & World Anti-Fascist War, a large-scale military parade was held at Tiananmen Square. The Tiananmen Square parade was held for the first time to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the victory of the Chinese People's War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression and the World Anti-Fascist War.

    The military parade was President Xi Jinping's coming-out party. What messages did he send? On 3 September 2015, the Chinese Communist Party conducted its first military parade on the occasion of commemorating victory against the Japanese invaders since taking power in 1949. Previously, military parades had been conducted on the occasion of the anniversaries (particularly the tenth anniversaries) of the founding of the People's Liberation Army.

    The massive military parade in Beijing showcased Chinas latest weapons, unveiling many to the public for the first time. But weapons experts said the systems on display showed hallmarks of Chinas reputation for stealing technology and adapting it to its requirements. The show involved long, medium and short range missiles, a range of tanks and 200 fighter aircraft. The Chinese government said that all the equipment had been made indigenously, attesting to the success of the countrys military industrial capability and the estimated $145 billion spent on the military in 2015.

    The parade was a bazaar of stolen intellectual property, said Michael Raska, senior fellow at the Singapore-based Institute of Defense and Strategic Studies. One major point of the parade may have been to display the country's newest advanced systems to interested buyers, and bolster Chinas reputation as an emerging military power.

    The parade, with its 70-gun salute and release at the end of thousands of doves and balloons was both a solemn reminder of the Chinas past suffering and celebration of its accomplishments. However the overtly military spectacle again raised questions about Chinas rise and the role it seeks to play in the world.

    Over 12,000 troops marched into Tiananmen, followed by an impressive array of tanks, drones, fighter jets, and nuclear-capable intercontinental ballistic missiles. Ahead of the parade, state media had said that 84 percent of the equipment on display would be making its public debut.

    Among the most notable weapons displayed was the Dongfeng-21D, a missile with a radar-guided warhead seen as an effective weapon against U.S. aircraft carriers in the region. Chinas state media called it the carrier killer.

    Blue skies were the rare backdrop for the September 2015 huge military parade in Beijing, which commemorated the end of the Second World War and the defeat of Imperial Japan. The two-week period running up to the parade, and the big day itself, were characterised by a stark improvement in air quality, as the capitals environment reaped the benefits of drastic environmental actions across 70 cities in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region.

    The joint effort by Beijing and surrounding provinces, and a similar push for clean skies ahead of the APEC summit last year, will have provided some valuable insights for cities and provinces in a region that is marked by clearly contrasting political and economic priorities. Beijing is moving towards an increasingly service-based economy, and the citys bosses are under pressure to improve living conditions for its residents by cutting down on smog. Neighboring Hebei, meanwhile, is worried that a crackdown on polluting industries will prompt widespread job losses and social unrest.

    But even though much of the action was required from industrial areas well beyond the capitals hinterland, from early August Beijings municipal government had to implement a comprehensive plan to prevent homegrown smog. Up to half of Beijings private vehicles were taken off the roads, trips by government vehicles were reduced by over 80% and no tipper trucks or concrete mixers were allowed to operate. Work was also halted or scaled back at almost of 2,000 of Beijings remaining factories 15 times the number of installations targeted by the APEC summit last year.

    But, despite the efforts in Beijing, the prospect of parade-day blue skies was threatened by pollution from elsewhere, and the Beijing Environmental Monitoring Centre forecast that a cloud of pollution would likely shroud the capital between September 2 and 4. Curbs on cars, similar to those deployed in Beijing, were introduced in Hebei and Tianjin. While forecasts of winds blowing towards the capital from areas south and east meant that officials then had to focus on which particular compounds to prevent from reaching the atmosphere, said Zhang Dawei, head of the Beijing Environmental Monitoring Centre.

    Sulphates, particularly from coal-burning, were targeted because they are the PM2.5 pollutants that have the biggest impact on visibility. A particular source of concern was large power, steel and concrete producing plants, many of which have big chimneys, as these have the potential for these to belch out pollution further than most other installations. In total, operations were halted or reduced at 12,255 coal-burning furnaces, factories and concrete-mixing stations.

    Alas, the improvement was short-lived. Smog returned the day following the parade, and the stark difference illustrated by photos of the Beijing skyline before and after the anti-smog measures were in place are a reminder of how exposed the capital is to sources of pollution both within, and outside, its city limits. The measures and the desired result were the result of an extraordinary effort following orders from the very top of government to guarantee a pleasant setting for a showpiece political event.

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    Page last modified: 23-03-2021 18:49:31 ZULU