65th Group Army
The 65th Group Army, headquartered in Zhanjiakou, is comprised of the 193rd Division, an artillery division, an armored brigade, two motorized infantry brigades, and an anti-aircraft artillery brigade. Zhangjiakou is headquarters of the 65th Group Army of the People's Liberation Army, one of the three group armies that comprise the Beijing Military Region responsible for defending China's capital. The other such groups in defense and control of the Capital are the 27th Army Group stationed in Shijiazhuang, the Capital of Hebei Province, and the 38th Army Group with its barracks in Baoding, Hebei Province.
The 65Th Army Group is composed of a direct control and command unit (communications (or signalling) regiment, engineering regiment and the 85th Boating Regiment), which directs the 193rd Division (80th, 82nd, 188th and 235 Infantry Brigade), an artillery division (since 2010 including the new trucked-mounted 122mm howitzers sometimes designated as SP-3 or SH-3), an armored brigade known as the 1st Armor Division (1st Armor Regiment, 2nd Armor Regiment, 3rd Armor Regiment and an Artillery Regiment), two motorized infantry brigades (70Th and 196Th), the additional 193rd Motorized Infantry Division (577th Regiment, 579th Regiment, Armor Regiment, Artillery Regiment) , and an anti-aircraft artillery brigade.
65th Army - Early History
The predecessor of the 65th Army of the Chinese People's Liberation Army was the 8th Column of the North China Military Region. The column was developed by the armed forces of Guo Tianmin and Liu Daosheng of the Jicha Military Region during the Liberation War.
In July 1946, the 2nd column of the Jinchaji Field Army was formed by the co-edition of the Guotianmin column of the Jicha Military Region and the Liu Daosheng column. Guo Tianmin served as the commander and political commissar and governed the 4th and 5th brigades. In February 1947, the Independent 8th Brigade of the Jizhong Military Region was changed to the 6th Brigade of the team.
In May 1948, the second column of the Jinchaji Field Army was changed to the second column of the North China Military Region. In July, in order to adapt to the development of the situation, the North China Military Region was instructed to organize the field army into three regiments. The second was to decide to transfer the 4th Brigade from the column. In September, the 4th Brigade and the independent 1st and 2nd Brigade formed the 8th column in Yi County, Hebei Province. Qiu Wei served as commander and Wang Daobang served as political commissar. The 4th Brigade of the 2nd Column was renamed the 22nd Brigade; The independent 1st Brigade was renamed the 23rd Brigade; the independent 2nd Brigade was renamed the 24th Brigade. After the formation of the 8th Column, it was under the formation of the 2nd Corps of the North China Military Region. From November to January of the following year, during the Battle of Pingjin, it participated in the new security operations. With the cooperation of the friendly forces, it completely wiped out the 35th Army of the Kuomintang Army and participated in the peaceful liberation of Beiping (now Beijing).
In February 1949, according to the order of the Central Military Commission of the Communist Party of China, the troops of the North China Military Region were unified, and the 2nd Regiment of the North China Military Region was renamed the 19th Regiment. The 8th Column was renamed the 65th Army of the Chinese People's Liberation Army, under the formation of the 19th Corps. Qiu Wei served as military commander, Wang Daobang served as political commissioner, Xiao Yingtang served as deputy military commander and chief of staff, Wang Kebin served as deputy military commander, and Cai Shunli served as deputy political commissioner and director of the political department. The 22nd Brigade under its jurisdiction was renamed the 193rd Division, Xu Cheng was the division head, and Long Daoquan was the political member of the division. Into the former political commissar. At the same time, in order to adapt to the development of the new war situation, the 65th Army was instructed to form a supplementary trainer in Changping County, Hebei Province (now Beijing) to accept and transform a large number of liberated soldiers.
From January to February, participated in training in Changping District, Hebei. In March, in the Zhuo County area of Hebei, the 16th Army of the Kuomintang Army was reorganized in accordance with the order and "reorganization plan" of the Kuomintang Army issued by the Pingjin Front Command. The 94th Division was compiled as the 31st Independent Division of the People's Liberation Army (3 regiments), under the command of the 65th Army. From March to April, participated in the Taiyuan Battle. After the end of the Taiyuan Campaign, the 19th Corps was transferred to the People's Liberation Army's first field army system to perform the combat mission of liberating the Northwest.
In May, in the Jiexiu area of ??Shanxi Province, the independent 31st Division was incorporated into the 65th Army and the divisions. From July to September, it participated in the battles of Fumei, Shaanxi, Lanzhou and Ningxia. From October to October 1950, it stayed in Ningxia and served as a military organization and an organization of the Ningxia Military Region to assist local governments in strengthening political power. In November, Ningxia transferred to Tengxian County, Lincheng District, Shandong Province for training, preparing to take on new tasks. In February 1951, the 65th Army was exempted from the Ningxia Military Region.
On February 25 of the same year, the 65th Army went to the DPRK to participate in the War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea. Returned from North Korea in October 1953. During the war years, a number of exemplary figures and advanced collectives such as Lu Shunbao, Ma Wanxin, Zhou Yisen, Zheng Dingfu, Mei Huaiqing, Liu Baoying, "Dengcheng Pioneer Company", "Military and Political Winners", and "Steel Company" emerged.
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