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Auxiliary Oiler Replenishment (AOR)

On 19 November 2010 it was reported that the Harper Government had abandoned the long-studied hydrid concept JSS in favor of a straight AOR replacement. The two ACAN candidates were said to be Navantia's Cantabria (an enlarged Patio / Amsterdam design) and Flensburger's German Berlin (represented by TKMS Canada).

Martin Shadwick observed "Over the past twenty-or-so years, the navy's Auxiliary Oiler Replenishment (AOR) ship replacement project has become, in some respects, the 'Rodney Dangerfield' of Canadian defence procurement. Renamed, repackaged, and re-imagined on occasions almost too numerous to count, and seemingly unable to generate the type of sustained, high-level political and other support necessary to actually put ships in the water on a timely basis, the AOR replacement effort has suffered the further indignity of near-invisibility on the country's political, media, and public radar screens."

Given the need to replace the current Auxiliary Oiler Replenishment (AOR) capability resident in a troika consisting of one Provider-class AOR (HMCS Provider, commissioned in 1963, decommissioned in 1998) and two newer and more capable Protecteur-class AORs which reached the projected end of their service lives in about 2010 (HMCS Protecteur, commissioned in 1969, and HMCS Preserver, commissioned in 1970), in 1992 the Canadian Navy began development of a COE, SOR and project apparatus for a Multi-Role Support Vessel (MSRV). The requirement for a more versatile ship, some hybrid incorporating both replenishment and sealift capabilities, had been identified in a number of quarters in the run-up to the 1994 white paper. In Canada 21: Canada and Common Security in the Twenty-First Century, for instance, the Canada 21 Council recommended that the existing AORs be replaced by ". three multi-role and replenishment ships for peacekeeping support." Among shipbuilders, MIL Systems was fast off the mark with its proposed Multi-Role Aid and Support Ship (MASS), quickly followed by the larger and more versatile Strategic Multi-Role Aid and Replenishment Transport (SMART) ship.

This first step in the replacement of the Navy's current Auxiliary Oiler Replenishment vessels, known as the definition phase, will involve the assessment of both new and existing designs. Existing ship designs are those already built, operating, and meet key specific Canadian requirements. A new ship design is being developed by government and industry officials working side-by-side. The selected ship design will be based on the best value in terms of capability and affordability, ensuring the successful delivery of the JSS. The design is expected to be available in approximately two years, at which time a Canadian shipyard, selected as part of the National Shipbuilding Procurement Strategy, will be engaged to complete the design of and build the Joint Support Ships.

Canada has a requirement to assess two NATO Navy ship designs to determine their viability in relation to the Canadian Navy operational requirements for naval fleet replenishment ships: the Berlin Class; and the Cantabria Class. Canada intended to award two separate contracts, one to ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems Canada Inc. (TKMSC) and the other to Navantia, S.A. (Navantia) to conduct Risk Reduction Design Studies (RRDS) for each design. This will enable Canada to ascertain the feasibility and affordability of adapting these designs to meet Canadian requirements. Canada is deploying a team of government representatives to shipyards in Germany and Spain to perform the RRDS and a follow-on Detailed Design Activity (DDA).

On 23 February 2011 BMT Fleet Technology, of Ottawa, Ontario announce the start of its work on a design for the Canadian Forces (CF) new Joint Support Ship (JSS). This new task, awarded under a long running contract supporting the JSS Project Management Office (PMO), represents a major step towards new capabilities for the CF. BMTs design will incorporate the results of its years of experience with the JSS project and its understanding of the Navys operational needs.

Andrew Carran, Vice President Defence Projects, explains: We are delighted at the confidence shown in BMT by the Canadian government. Our objective is to ensure that the Canadian Forces get the best ship with which to perform their challenging missions now and for years to come. An innovative leader in providing through-life engineering support, BMT Fleet Technology will develop the new design option for the JSS around the CFs detailed requirements for a highly capable, state-of-the-art vessel that will fully support CF missions worldwide. The design team will also draw on the resources of the BMT group, the leading international design engineering and risk management consultancy which has first-hand experience of working on similar projects for other navies around the world.

In March 2011 it was announced [W8472-115333/B] that Canada was seeking professional services to provide consulting, ship production engineering and translation services and support to the JSS PMO for the RRDS activity at facilities in Germany and Spain and, if required, in Canada, who are fluent in English and the native language of the ship designer (one in German and one in Spanish). This RFP may result in two Contracts. The Bidder may bid on one or both requirements (Spain and/or Germany). The initial term will be for a period of eight (8) months from date of award of Contract. Support Services in Canada will be required on an "as and when requested" basis, for up to ten days (per person) starting on or around the beginning of May 2011.

This marked a major shift in the process of getting new supply ships, since neither of these foreign ship designs have the capacity to transport or unload army equipment and stores, which was a the centerpiece of the original Canadian requirement. The JSS are intended to replace the Canadian Forces' Auxiliary Oil Replenishment vessels, which provide at-sea support to naval task groups. The JSS will also provide additional joint capabilities and support the enforcement of domestic maritime security as well as Canadian participation in international operations.

On 05 March 2017 Canada commissioned Seaspan's Vancouver Shipyards to produce Queenston class naval auxiliaries for the Royal Canadian Navy. The contract is worth 1.7 billion dollars to ensure delivery and maintenance and technical support for two new ships, which will replace the decommissioned ships Supply type protecteur. The first units (HMCS Queenston) will enter Royal Canadian Navy service in 2021, and the second (HMCS Chteauguay) in 2022. These ships are designed to provide supply in the form of fuel, food and ammunition to other entities Royal Canadian Navy. The range of newly launched ships will amount to 20,000 kilometers, the speed will be 20 knots. The ships will be able to 10 thousand tons of supplies. The will operate four Sikorsky CH-148 Cyclone multi-purpose helicopters. On board there will also be a field hospital. To defend Queenston-class ships use CIWS direct artillery systems defense.




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Page last modified: 31-03-2017 19:43:52 ZULU